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Malaria

Malaria

Summary

In 2017, it is estimated there were 219 million cases of malaria worldwide and over 400,000 deaths, an increase from 217 million cases in 2016. Ninety two percent of malaria cases were found on the African continent, and 93 percent of deaths.1 Symptoms include fever, headaches and chills, but may not appear until 10-15 days after the infected mosquito bite, and often escalate 24 hours after appearing. The disease can often be fatal if not treated promptly.2 Over 50 percent of the world’s population is vulnerable to malaria in some capacity.3 Infants and pregnant women are more vulnerable to malaria, as well as migrant populations — who have not built up an immunity to the disease — and individuals with HIV/AIDS.4 Over two thirds of all malaria related fatalities occur in children under the age of five, taking the life of a child every two minutes.5 Malaria is preventable and treatable. Mosquito netting, and insecticide spraying grounds and structures can protect vulnerable populations from the disease. A multi-step medication called artemisinin can treat malaria, and is typically effective.6 Show References
1 https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/malaria 2–5 Ibid 6 https://www.who.int/features/factfiles/malaria/en/
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Malaria

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