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STIs/STDs

STIs/STDs

Summary

Each day throughout the world over one million people will obtain a sexually transmitted infection.1 The four most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) around the world are chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, and trichomoniasis.2 STIs have severely negatively impacted the overall sexual and reproductive health of people worldwide.3 Certain STIs have become incredibly difficult to treat because of their resistance to drug treatments and this can increase people's likelihood of contracting HIV.4

STIs are a rising health concern globally since there are a very common health concern.5 Over one million new cases of STIs are diagnosed each day.6 The repercussions of this epidemic are severe and are causing serious maternal and child health issues.7 For example, mother-to-child transmitted syphilis often results in stillbirth, neonatal death, premature births, and several types of congenital deformities.8 Certain governments have developed programs that advocate for safer sexual practices, cheaper contraceptives, and more testing and treatment centers in accessible areas.9

Genital herpes, a viral infection, for which there is no cure, is fueling the HIV epidemic in many countries.10 The control of the spread of chlamydia has proven to be very costly as well as logistically difficult even in countries where STI prevention measures have long been instituted.11 As a result of the rise of STIs the World Health Assembly advocated for the Global Vaccine Action Plan.12 This plan endorses resources that will support research for the development of new vaccines and measures to properly and evenly distribute them.13

Low-income countries bear the brunt of the STI burden as they do not typically have the necessary amounts of resources or expertise to adequately attack the problem.14 Some proposed solutions from the World Health Organization have been a complete integration of STI prevention measures and services into countries existing healthcare systems, programs that will fight the stigmatization of those already living with STIs and adequate and uniform STI measuring systems.15

Show References
1 http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs110/en/
2-4 Ibid
5 http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/rtis/vaccines/en/
6- 13 Ibid
14 http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/82207/1/WHO_RHR_13.02_eng.pdf?ua=1
15 Ibid
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STIs/STDs

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