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Antigua and Barbuda

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Environment
Deforestation and soil degradation are significant environmental concerns for Antigua and Barbuda.1 Improper agricultural practices and large amounts of livestock exacerbate the environmental problems.2 Extreme climate variations are also becoming problematic, and the rate of hurricanes is increasing as the climate grows progressively warmer each year.3 Stronger and more frequent tropical storms destroy many of the islandsâ' crops and trees.4 The country is in desperate need of a disaster management plan for the agricultural sector of the economy.

Show References
1 http://www.paho.org/saludenlasamericas/index.php?id=17&option=com_content&Itemid=&lang=pt
2 Ibid
3 http://reliefweb.int/report/antigua-and-barbuda/climate-change-threatens-water-and-food-security-antigua
4 Ibid

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Geography

Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico
Area

Total 442.6 sq km (Antigua 280 sq km; Barbuda 161 sq km)
Land 442.6 sq km
Water 0 sq km

***NOTE*** includes Redonda, 1.6 sq km
Climate

tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation
Natural Resources

NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism ;
Natural Hazards

hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

water management - a major concern because of limited natural freshwater resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly

Demographics

Nationality
Antiguan, Barbudan
Population
90,156 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Tourism continues to dominate Antigua and Barbuda's economy, accounting for nearly 60% of GDP and 40% of investment. The dual-island nation's agricultural production is focused on the domestic market and constrained by a limited water supply and a labor shortage stemming from the lure of higher wages in tourism and construction. Manufacturing comprises enclave-type assembly for export with major products being bedding, handicrafts, and electronic components. Prospects for economic growth in the medium term will continue to depend on tourist arrivals from the US, Canada, and Europe and potential damages from natural disasters. After taking office in 2004, the SPENCER ...See More government adopted an ambitious fiscal reform program and was successful in reducing its public debt-to-GDP ratio from approximately 130% in 2010 to 89% in 2012. In 2009, Antigua's economy was severely hit by the global economic crisis and suffered from the collapse of its largest private sector employer, a steep decline in tourism, a rise in debt, and a sharp economic contraction between 2009-11. Antigua has not yet returned to its pre-crisis growth levels. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$1.605 billion (2012 est.); $1.58 billion (2011 est.); $1.628 billion (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cotton, fruits, vegetables, bananas, coconuts, cucumbers, mangoes, sugarcane; livestock
Industries

tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances)