causes
countries

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Map
Organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina View all

Locations
Afghanistan , Albania , Algeria , Angola , Argentina , Australia , Austria , Azerbaijan , Bahama , Bangladesh ...See More Countries , Belarus , Belize , Benin , Bolivia , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Botswana , Brazil , Bulgaria , Burkina Faso , Cambodia , Cameroon , Canada , Central African Republic , Chile , China , Colombia , Congo , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Costa Rica , Cote d'Ivoire , Croatia , Cuba , Czech Republic , Denmark , Dominican Republic , Ecuador , Egypt , El Salvador , Eritrea , Estonia , Ethiopia , Falkland Islands , Fiji , Finland , France , French Guiana , Gabon , Georgia , Germany , Ghana , Greece , Greenland , Guatemala , Guinea , Guinea Ecuatorial , Guinea-Bissau , Guyana , Haiti , Honduras , Hungary , Iceland , India , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Ireland , Israel , Italy , Jamaica , Japan , Jordan , Kazakhstan , Kenya , Kyrgyzstan , Laos , Latvia , Liberia , Libya , Lithuania , Macedonia , Madagascar , Malawi , Malaysia , Mali , Mauritanie , Mexico , Mongolia , Morocco , Mozambique , Myanmar , Namibia , Nepal , Netherlands , New Caledonia , New Zealand , Nicaragua , Niger , Nigeria , Norway , Oman , Pakistan , Panama , Papua New Guinea , Paraguay , Peru , Philippines , Poland , Portugal , Republic of Chad , Romania , Russia , SaudiArabia , Senegal , Serbia , Sierra Leone , Slovakia , Slovenia , Solomon Islands , Somalia , South Africa , Spain , Sri Lanka , Sudan , Suriname , Svalbard , Sweden , Switzerland , Syria , Tajikistan , Tanzania , Thailand , The Republic of South Sudan , Togo , Trinidad and Tobago , Tunisia , Turkey , Turkmenistan , UAE , Uganda , UK , Ukraine , United States of America , Uruguay , Uzbekistan , Vanuatu , Venezuela , Vietnam , Western Sahara , Yemen , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
Causes
Human Rights
Modeled on Vietnam Vets Against the War, LEAP brings unquestionable credibility and first hand experience to its critique of our drug policies to wide audiences. Find out why Michelle Alexander, author of The New Jim Crow said, "Law Enforcement Against Prohibition is a singular organization whose credibility and experience provide ...See More one of the strongest voices against the War on Drugs anywhere in the world." Show Less

Locations
Australia , Belize , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Cambodia , Canada , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Costa Rica , Georgia , Honduras , Iran ...See More Countries , Moldova , Nigeria , Panama , Paraguay , Peru , Ukraine , United States of America Show Less Countries
Causes
Clean Water
World Care is a non-profit humanitarian aid organization based in Tucson, Arizona. Established in 1996, World Care addresses the need of four main pillars of society: health, education, environment, and emergency relief. In order to address the needs of those within our community, we work with a variety of organizations ...See More locally, nationally, and internationally delivering supplies and aid to those who lack the resources required for daily life. Show Less

Locations
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Mali, Morocco, Nepal, Palestine, Peru, Uganda, Vietnam
Causes
Human Rights, Health, Education, Children/Youth
The Advocacy Project helps marginalized communities around the world to tell their story, claim their rights, and produce social change.

Locations
Afghanistan , Algeria , American Samoa , Angola , Anguilla , Antigua and Barbuda , Argentina , Armenia , Aruba , Australia ...See More Countries , Austria , Azerbaijan , Bahama , Bahrain , Bangladesh , Barbados , Belarus , Belize , Benin , Bermuda , Bhutan , Bolivia , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Botswana , Brazil , Bulgaria , Burkina Faso , Burundi , Cambodia , Cameroon , Canada , Central African Republic , Chile , China , Colombia , Comoros , Congo , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Cook Islands , Costa Rica , Cote d'Ivoire , Croatia , Cuba , Czech Republic , Dominica , Dominican Republic , East Timor , Ecuador , Egypt , El Salvador , Eritrea , Estonia , Ethiopia , Falkland Islands , Faroe Islands , Federated States of Micronesia , Fiji , Finland , France , French Guiana , French Polynesia , Gabon , Gambia , Georgia , Germany , Ghana , Gibraltar , Greece , Grenada , Guadeloupe , Guam , Guatemala , Guinea , Guinea Ecuatorial , Guinea-Bissau , Guyana , Haiti , Honduras , Hungary , India , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Ireland , Italy , Jamaica , Japan , Jordan , Kazakhstan , Kenya , Kiribati , Kyrgyzstan , Laos , Latvia , Lebanon , Lesotho , Liberia , Libya , Lithuania , Macau , Macedonia , Madagascar , Malawi , Malaysia , Maldives , Mali , Marshall Islands , Martinique , Mauritanie , Mauritius , Mayotte , Mexico , Moldova , Mongolia , Montenegro , Montserrat , Morocco , Mozambique , Myanmar , Namibia , Nauru , Nepal , Netherlands , Nicaragua , Niger , Nigeria , Niue , Norfolk Island , Northern Mariana Islands , Norway , Oman , Pakistan , Palau , Panama , Papua New Guinea , Paraguay , Peru , Philippines , Pitcairn Islands , Poland , Portugal , Qatar , Republic of Chad , Reunion Island , Romania , Russia , Rwanda , Samoa , San Marino , Sao Tome and Principe , SaudiArabia , Senegal , Serbia , Seychelles , Sierra Leone , Singapore , Slovakia , Slovenia , Solomon Islands , Somalia , South Africa , South Georgia , South Korea , Spain , Sri Lanka , Sudan , Suriname , Svalbard , Swaziland , Sweden , Switzerland , Syria , Taiwan , Tajikistan , Tanzania , Thailand , The Republic of South Sudan , Togo , Tokelau , Tonga , Trinidad and Tobago , Tunisia , Turkey , Turkmenistan , Turks and Caicos Islands , Tuvalu , Uganda , UK , Ukraine , United States of America , Uruguay , Uzbekistan , Vanuatu , Venezuela , Vietnam , Wallis-Et-Futuna , Western Sahara , Yemen , Zaire , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
Causes
Health
Hesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that supports individuals and communities in their struggles to realize the right to health. We develop easy to read materials that are produced in many languages. All are available through our bookstore and for free online on our ...See More HealthWiki. Show Less
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Causes We Support

Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
Poverty
Religion
Clean Water
Economy
Government
Health
Children/Youth
Environment
For its size, Bosnia and Herzegovina have made admirable changes in order to properly address the impact of climate change at both a domestic, as well as an international level.1 The mitigation of climate change has changed from being merely an academic matter to being of strategic importance to Bosnian authorities.2 By 2025, BiH has the goal of becoming a “green economy” that will be a result of the Climate Change Adaptation and Low-Emissions Development Strategy.3 The country has begun to regulate the efficiency of their resources as well as increase their energy efficiency.4 Since BiH is located in the Western Balkans region, it is estimated that the country will experience increases in temperatures, the reduction of precipitation in the summer months, and the increased ...See More variability of precipitation due to climate change.5 Seasonal water deficits could become a major concern, as well as the increase in severity of floods.6 Show Less

Show References
1http://www.ba.undp.org/content/bosnia_and_herzegovina/en/home/library/environment_energy/climate-change-adaptation-and-low-emission-development-strategy-/
2-4 Ibid
5 http://www.ebrd.com/downloads/country/strategy/bosnia2014.pdf
6 Ibid
Hide References

Bosnia and Herzegovina News

The Siver Times 
After 4 matches, the Bosnia and Herzegovina team with 7 points takes 3rd position in the group. Edin Dzeko and the company beat Estonia 5-0 and Cyprus 2-0, but in the matches with the main competitors scored just 1 point, drawing a 1: 1 draw with ... See more..
Telegraph.co.uk 
Sometimes, the darkest ghosts of the past can stretch their shadows way into the present. They certainly do in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A beautiful European country framed by craggy mountains and laced with clear rivers, it is still widely viewed as a ... See more..
The Daily Northwestern 
Alex Schneidman and his leafy costar rehearse for the upcoming production of “Little Shop of Horrors.” Dolphin Show will take the production on tour to Bosnia ... See more..
See More News
International Monetary Fund 
End-of-Mission press releases include statements of IMF staff teams that convey preliminary findings after a visit to a country. The views expressed in this ... See more..
Just Security 
A Forum on Law, Rights, and U.S. National Security. See more..
Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso 
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, most institutions do not comply with the Law on free access to information. Transparency International in Bosnia and Herzegovina reported that only 40% of public companies in the Republika Srpska and only 27% of those in the ... See more..
European Western Balkans (press release) 
SARAJEVO – The contract award ceremony for the beneficiaries under the Cross-border Cooperation (CBC) Programme Serbia – Bosnia and Herzegovina took place on 22nd March in Sarajevo. The ceremony aimed at presenting the projects awarded under ... See more..
The FINANCIAL 
The FINANCIAL -- The World Bank Board of Directors on March 23 approved a EUR74.50 million (US$80 million equivalent) IBRD loan to Bosnia and ... See more..
Reuters 
Russia will pay off anoutstanding foreign debt of the Soviet Union in full bytransferring $125.2 million to Bosnia and Herzegovina, DeputyFinance Minister Sergei ... See more..
Norfolk Eastern Daily Press 
Bosnia and Herzegovina have handed former Norwich City academy defender Dario Dumic his first international call-up. See more..
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Geography

Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia
Area

Total 51,197 sq km
Land 51,187 sq km
Water 10 sq km

Climate

hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast ;
Natural Resources

coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

destructive earthquakes
Current Environmental Issues

air pollution from metallurgical plants; sites for disposing of urban waste are limited; water shortages and destruction of infrastructure because of the 1992-95 civil strife; deforestation ;

Demographics

Nationality
Bosnian, Herzegovinian
Population
3,875,723 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Bosnia has a transitional economy with limited market reforms. The economy relies heavily on the export of metals as well as on remittances and foreign aid. A highly decentralized government hampers economic policy coordination and reform, while excessive bureaucracy and a segmented market discourage foreign investment. The interethnic warfare in Bosnia and Herzegovina caused production to plummet by 80% from 1992 to 1995 and unemployment to soar. With an uneasy peace in place, output recovered in 1996-99 but slowed in 2000-02 and picked up again during 2003-08, when GDP growth exceeded 5% per year. However, the country experienced a decline ...See More in GDP of nearly 3% in 2009 reflecting local effects of the global economic crisis. GDP has stagnated since then. Foreign banks, primarily from Austria and Italy, now control most of the banking sector. The konvertibilna marka (convertible mark or BAM) - the national currency introduced in 1998 - is pegged to the euro, and confidence in the currency and the banking sector has increased. Bosnia's private sector is growing, but foreign investment has dropped off sharply since 2007. Government spending, at roughly 50% of GDP, remains high because of redundant government offices at the state, entity and municipal level. Privatization of state enterprises has been slow, particularly in the Federation, where political division between ethnically-based political parties makes agreement on economic policy more difficult. High unemployment remains the most serious macroeconomic problem. Successful implementation of a value-added tax in 2006 provided a predictable source of revenue for the government and helped rein in gray-market activity. National-level statistics have also improved over time but a large share of economic activity remains unofficial and unrecorded. Bosnia and Herzegovina became a full member of the Central European Free Trade Agreement in September 2007. Bosnia and Herzegovina's top economic priorities are: acceleration of integration into the EU; strengthening the fiscal system; public administration reform; World Trade Organization (WTO) membership; and securing economic growth by fostering a dynamic, competitive private sector. In 2009, Bosnia and Herzegovina was granted an International Monetary Fund (IMF) stand-by arrangement, necessitated by sharply increased social spending and a fiscal crisis exacerbated by the global economic downturn. Disbursement of IMF aid was suspended in 2011 after a parliamentary deadlock left Bosnia without a state-level government for over a year. The IMF concluded a new stand-by arrangement with Bosnia in October 2012, with the first tranches paid in November and December 2012. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$32.43 billion (2012 est.); $32.66 billion (2011 est.); $32.25 billion (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

wheat, corn, fruits, vegetables; livestock
Industries

steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, aluminum, vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, ammunition, domestic appliances, oil refining