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Marshall Islands

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Hesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that supports individuals and communities in their struggles to realize the right to health. We develop easy to read materials that are produced in many languages. All are available through our bookstore and for free online on our ...See More HealthWiki. Show Less

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SEE International provides sustainable medical, surgical, and educational services through volunteer ophthalmic surgeons with the objectives of restoring sight and preventing blindness to disadvantaged individuals worldwide.
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Environment
Although the islands in the Southwest Pacific are not big producers of greenhouse gases and carbon emissions, they are affected by manmade pollution from around the world. Climate change is causing sea levels to rise, which threatens low-lying islands and causes coastal erosion.1 Land loss and flooding are destructive to those who live on the islands, where residents are powerless to stop the effects of climate change. They rely on the rest of the world to cut back on carbon emissions in order to save their homeland.2 The Marshall Islands are flooded almost yearly by rising tides that destroy homes and roads. The islands alternate between flood and drought conditions, and one report indicates that the Marshallese may be among the world’s first climate change ...See More refugees. Over one third of the population of 60,000 has already left.3 Show Less

Show References
1 http://www.sidsnet.org/aosis-issues/
2 http://www.irinnews.org/feature/2009/10/05/island-nations-frustrated-climate-talks
3 https://www.theguardian.com/global/planet-oz/2013/jul/30/marshall-islands-climate-change-pacific-forum-nuclear-testing
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Marshall Islands News

Honolulu Civil Beat 
After a short, sudden illness that ended with cardiac arrest in a Taipei Hospital, the Republic of the Marshall Islands' second highest ranking official, Minister in Assistance Mattlan Zackhras, died on Aug. 8 at the age of 47. In a statement, Marshall ... See more..
ReliefWeb 
The Country Preparedness Package (CPP) is a joint initiative of the Governments of the Pacific Islands and the Pacific Humanitarian Team (PHT). The CPP is intended to strengthen preparedness and collaboration between national and international actors ... See more..
NBCNews.com 
When Juliann Laiso gets homesick for her native Marshall Islands — a string of atolls roughly 6,000 miles away from the mainland United States — she tunes the radio to KMRW, a blend of news, music, and health information. But the radio station ... See more..
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Honolulu Civil Beat 
The U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a lower court's 2015 dismissal of a legal challenge from a group called Nuclear Zero, brought by the Republic of the Marshall Islands. The suit did not seek money, but asked that the U.S. be found in breach ... See more..
Climate Home 
Mattlan Zackhras, a leading Marshall Islands climate advocate, died aged 47 of heart failure at a hospital in Taiwan on Tuesday. As minister-in-assistance to president Hilda Heine for the last 19 months, Zackhras was a convenor of the “high ambition ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
A long-serving member of the Marshall Islands parliament, who was a key figure in successful grassroots development, died yesterday in Taipei. See more..
Theredstonerocket 
James Dickinson, commander of the Space and Missile Defense Command/Army Forces Strategic Command, signed an implementing arrangement with John Silk, Republic of the Marshall Islands foreign minister, July 12 on Kwajalein Atoll. The agreement ... See more..
Pacific Daily News 
Matson Inc. will introduce a new direct U.S. flag service between Honolulu and the Republic of the Marshall Islands that will shorten cargo transit times to the Marshalls from the U.S. mainland by as many as eight days, according to a news release. “We ... See more..
TradeWinds (subscription) 
The Marshall Islands may be one of the world's least populous countries, but law firms have taken recent steps to boost their ability to represent shipping clients there. Norton Rose Fulbright announced today that the head of its shipping practice in ... See more..
TIME 
Between 1946 and 1958, Washington tested a staggering 67 nuclear weapons in the Marshall Islands — which are about 1,400 miles east of Guam — including the 15-megaton Castle Bravo thermonuclear hydrogen bomb that devastated Bikini Atoll. See more..
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Geography

Oceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls, each made up of many small islets, and five single islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia
Area

Total 181 sq km
Land 181 sq km
Water 0 sq km

***NOTE*** the archipelago includes 11,673 sq km of lagoon waters and encompasses the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Kwajalein, Majuro, Rongelap, and Utirik
Climate

tropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November; islands border typhoon belt
Natural Resources

coconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals ;
Natural Hazards

infrequent typhoons
Current Environmental Issues

inadequate supplies of potable water; pollution of Majuro lagoon from household waste and discharges from fishing vessels

Demographics

Nationality
Marshallese
Population
69,747 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

US assistance and lease payments for the use of Kwajalein Atoll as a US military base are the mainstay of this small island country. The Marshall Islands received roughly $1 billion in aid from the US during 1986-2001 under the original Compact of Free Association (Compact). In 2002 and 2003, the US and the Marshall Islands renegotiated the Compact's financial package for a 20-year period, from 2004 to 2024. Under the amended Compact, the Marshall Islands will receive roughly $1.5 billion in direct US assistance. Agricultural production, primarily subsistence, is concentrated on small farms; the most important commercial crops are ...See More coconuts and breadfruit. Industry is limited to handicrafts, tuna processing, and copra. Tourism holds some potential. The islands and atolls have few natural resources, and imports exceed exports. Under the amended Compact, the US is also funding, jointly with the Marshall Islands, a Trust Fund for the people of the Marshall Islands that will provide an income stream beyond 2024 when direct Compact aid is to end. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$481.8 million (2012 est.); $472.8 million (2011 est.)
Agriculture Products

coconuts, tomatoes, melons, taro, breadfruit, fruits; pigs, chickens
Industries

copra, tuna processing, tourism, craft items (from seashells, wood, and pearls)