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Sao Tome and Principe

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Health
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Environment
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Environment
The largest environmental concerns facing Sao Tome and Principe are land and water pollution.1 The lack of access to water sanitation facilities and the general lack of water treatment centers contribute to this problem significantly.2 The rate of access to sanitation facilities overall is only 34%, with the average access rate in rural areas as low as 23.3%.3 Soil degradation and overexploitation have also been noted as environmental concerns in Sao Tome and Principe, which comes as little surprise due to the nation's heavy reliance on cocoa exports.4 The country struggles with the negative effects of coastal erosion and flooding as results of climate change.5

Show References
1http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/S-o-Tom-and-Pr-ncipe-ENVIRONMENT.html#b
2 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tp.html
3 Ibid
4http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/S-o-Tom-and-Pr-ncipe-ENVIRONMENT.html#b
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Sao Tome and Principe News

Macau Daily Times 
China will donate USD146 million to São Tomé and Príncipe for construction of infrastructure under bilateral economic cooperation, said on Tuesday in São Tomé Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada. The prime minister said that the donation aims to support ... See more..
The Guardian 
Príncipe, an island 200km off the west coast of Africa, has an area of 136 sq km and a population of 6,000. But it, and big sister São Tomé, are the islands with the greatest number of endemic birds relative to their size. This is Africa's Galapagos ... See more..
International Monetary Fund 
At the end of the visit, Ms. Li issued the following statement: “São Tomé and Príncipe's economy is estimated to have grown by 4.1 percent in 2016, driven by strong performance in the manufacturing (food processing) sector and tourism industry. Faster ... See more..
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MFA China 
On April 14, 2017, President Xi Jinping met at the Great Hall of the People with Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada of Sao Tome and Principe. Xi Jinping pointed out that relations between both countries have opened up a new chapter, and Sao Tome and ... See more..
AllAfrica.com 
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said Wednesday that China is willing to promote practical cooperation and people-to-people exchange with Sao Tome and Principe to open a new chapter of bilateral ties. Li made the remarks during his talks with visiting Sao ... See more..
MFA China 
On the afternoon of April 12, 2017, Premier Li Keqiang held talks at the Great Hall of the People with Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada of Sao Tome and Principe, who was in China for an official visit. Li Keqiang expressed that the normalization of ... See more..
Inventa International (press release) 
To conclude, the new Law aims to improve and systematize all IP matters and, furthermore, to clarify the legislation on the right of priority and on the administrative procedures in São Tomé and Príncipe. It remains to be seen if all of these ... See more..
Macauhub 
China intends to adopt a pragmatic programme of cooperation with São Tomé and Príncipe in order to open a new chapter in the bilateral relationship, China's Prime Minister said on Wednesday in Beijing, according to Chinese state news agency Xinhua. See more..
Macauhub 
The prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe is due to travel to the People's Republic of China on April 11 for a visit “during which cooperation agreements will be signed in the economic, cultural and scientific fields,” according to a statement issued ... See more..
Macauhub 
São Tome and Príncipe was admitted on Wednesday as member of the Forum for Economic and Trade Cooperation between China and Portuguese-speaking Countries (Macau), announced the secretary general of the institution, Xu Yingzhen at the end of a ... See more..
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Geography

Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon
Area

Total 964 sq km
Land 964 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)
Natural Resources

fish, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

NA
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion

Demographics

Nationality
Sao Tomean
Population
186,817 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

This small, poor island economy has become increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence in 1975. Cocoa production has substantially declined in recent years because of drought and mismanagement. Sao Tome and Principe has to import fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in global commodity prices. Over the years, it has had difficulty servicing its external debt and has relied heavily on concessional aid and debt rescheduling. Sao Tome and Principe benefited from $200 million in debt relief in December 2000 under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program, which ...See More helped bring down the country's $300 million debt burden. In August 2005, the government signed on to a new 3-year IMF Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) program worth $4.3 million. In April 2011 the country completed a Threshold Country Program with The Millennium Challenge Corporation to help increase tax revenues, reform customs, and improve the business environment. Considerable potential exists for development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years. The government also has attempted to reduce price controls and subsidies. Potential exists for the development of petroleum resources in Sao Tome and Principe's territorial waters in the oil-rich Gulf of Guinea, which are being jointly developed in a 60-40 split with Nigeria, but any actual production is at least several years off. The first production licenses were sold in 2004, though a dispute over licensing with Nigeria delayed the country''s receipt of more than $20 million in signing bonuses for almost a year. Maintaining control of inflation, fiscal discipline, and increasing flows of foreign direct investment into the oil sector are the major economic problems facing the country. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$408.6 million (2012 est.); $392.1 million (2011 est.); $374.1 million (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

20.4% of GDP (2012 est.); 15.2% of GDP (2011 est.); -12.3% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans; poultry; fish
Industries

light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber