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Sao Tome and Principe

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Health
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Environment
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Environment
The largest environmental concerns facing Sao Tome and Principe are land and water pollution.1 The lack of access to water sanitation facilities and the general lack of water treatment centers contribute to this problem significantly.2 The rate of access to sanitation facilities overall is only 34%, with the average access rate in rural areas as low as 23.3%.3 Soil degradation and overexploitation have also been noted as environmental concerns in Sao Tome and Principe, which comes as little surprise due to the nation's heavy reliance on cocoa exports.4 The country struggles with the negative effects of coastal erosion and flooding as results of climate change.5

Show References
1http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/S-o-Tom-and-Pr-ncipe-ENVIRONMENT.html#b
2 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tp.html
3 Ibid
4http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/S-o-Tom-and-Pr-ncipe-ENVIRONMENT.html#b
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Sao Tome and Principe News

AllAfrica.com 
Rwanda businesses leaders are in Sao Tome and Principe on a five-day mission to exploit new market opportunities in the central African island nation. The 30 business leaders are mainly from the ICT sector, manufacturing, construction, agro-processing, ... See more..
Macauhub 
Sao Tome and Principe should avoid getting into debt in order to maintain a situation that is sustainable, said on Wednesday in Sao Tome the new head of a mission of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to the archipelago, Xiangming Li. The IMF ... See more..
Macauhub 
Four technical teams of Chinese aid workers are already active in Sao Tome and Principe, taking advantage of the experience of some team members in other Portuguese-speaking African countries and Macau to meet the many needs of the archipelago. See more..
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AllAfrica.com 
Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe have inked five bilateral agreements. This was during a three-day visit to Rwanda of São Tomé's Minister of Foreign Affairs and Communities, Urbino Botelho. Concluded on Saturday, Minister Urbino's visit follows Foreign ... See more..
Reliefweb 
To implement the recommendations of the decentralized evaluation and SABER exercise, the country office is engaging some embassies in Sao Tome and Principe to mobilize support for the school meals programme. Partnership was formed with the ... See more..
AllAfrica.com 
Rwanda and the São Tomé and Príncipe have signed five bilateral agreements during an official visit to Kigali by the country's minister for foreign affairs and communities, Urbino Botelho. The minister's three-day visit, which ended on Saturday ... See more..
Guardian 
The commercial viability of over 500 million barrels of crude oil reserves stranded in the Nigeria – São Tomé and Príncipe Joint Development Zone (JDZ) remain ... See more..
Africa Review (satire) (registration) (blog) 
At least 2,000 people have been reported infected by a mystery disease in Sao Tome and Principe. DW Radio quoted authorities saying 42 new cases had been reported in the past week alone, from the disease that has been code-named Necrosant Cellulite. See more..
Macauhub 
China will support the government of Sao Tome and Principe to allow the West African archipelago to have a sustainable economy through Chinese investment in tourism, agriculture, infrastructure, industry, human resources and security, a representative ... See more..
Macauhub 
The Macau Trade and Investment Promotion Institute (IPIM) is “very interested” in Sao Tome and Principe, and is awaiting the official establishment of relations between the two countries, the President of IPIM told Macauhub in Lisbon. Following the ... See more..
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Geography

Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon
Area

Total 964 sq km
Land 964 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May) ;
Natural Resources

fish, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

NA
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion ;

Demographics

Nationality
Sao Tomean
Population
186,817 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

This small, poor island economy has become increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence in 1975. Cocoa production has substantially declined in recent years because of drought and mismanagement. Sao Tome and Principe has to import fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in global commodity prices. Over the years, it has had difficulty servicing its external debt and has relied heavily on concessional aid and debt rescheduling. Sao Tome and Principe benefited from $200 million in debt relief in December 2000 under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program, which ...See More helped bring down the country's $300 million debt burden. In August 2005, the government signed on to a new 3-year IMF Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) program worth $4.3 million. In April 2011 the country completed a Threshold Country Program with The Millennium Challenge Corporation to help increase tax revenues, reform customs, and improve the business environment. Considerable potential exists for development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years. The government also has attempted to reduce price controls and subsidies. Potential exists for the development of petroleum resources in Sao Tome and Principe's territorial waters in the oil-rich Gulf of Guinea, which are being jointly developed in a 60-40 split with Nigeria, but any actual production is at least several years off. The first production licenses were sold in 2004, though a dispute over licensing with Nigeria delayed the country''s receipt of more than $20 million in signing bonuses for almost a year. Maintaining control of inflation, fiscal discipline, and increasing flows of foreign direct investment into the oil sector are the major economic problems facing the country. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$408.6 million (2012 est.); $392.1 million (2011 est.); $374.1 million (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

20.4% of GDP (2012 est.); 15.2% of GDP (2011 est.); -12.3% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans; poultry; fish
Industries

light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber