Sao Tome and Principe

Organizations in Sao Tome and Principe View all

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Causes We Support

Human Rights
Clean Water
The largest environmental concerns facing Sao Tome and Principe are land and water pollution.1 The lack of access to water sanitation facilities and the general lack of water treatment centers contribute to this problem significantly.2 The rate of access to sanitation facilities overall is only 34%, with the average access rate in rural areas as low as 23.3%.3 Soil degradation and overexploitation have also been noted as environmental concerns in Sao Tome and Principe, which comes as little surprise due to the nation's heavy reliance on cocoa exports.4 The country struggles with the negative effects of coastal erosion and flooding as results of climate change.5

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Sao Tome and Principe News

China is willing to help São Tomé and Príncipe replace the use of fossil fuels with renewable energy, such as wind and solar, in order to preserve the environment and with the aim of promoting tourism in the archipelago, the new Chinese ambassador said ... See more..
China is “available to support sustainable development” in São Tomé and Príncipe through cooperation in the areas of “infrastructure, tourism and agriculture,” said the new Chinese ambassador, Wang Wei, who on Thursday began his diplomatic mission in ... See more..
Lexology (registration) 
São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is an African Archipelago located in the Equatorial Atlantic, in the Gulf of Guinea. In the 15th century these uninhabited islands were settled by the Portuguese. Until ... See more..
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The number of Ghanaians visiting São Tomé ad Principe, a twin Island on the Atlantic Ocean that lies on the equator, has increased by about 20percent since 2015, necessitating the increase in flight frequency between the two countries to meet demand. See more..
Sao Tome and Principe has appointed Gualter Vera Cruz as the representative to the Forum for Economic and Trade Cooperation between China and Portuguese-speaking Countries, said Xu Yingzhen, the Secretary-General of the institution. With the ... See more..
Science Daily 
The island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe has never been attached to the mainland. Its 1,000 square kilometres contain a total of 28 endemic bird species. This can be compared to the 22 endemic species found on the Galápagos, which is 100 times larger. See more..
South China Morning Post 
Panama's recent action to desert the self-ruled island has renewed fears of a “domino effect”, or an “avalanche”, since it also lost official ties with the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe in Africa last December. Taiwanese diplomatic ... See more..
Graphic Online 
Sao Tome and Principe, a Central African country, is wooing Ghanaian investors and tourists to help turn its economic fortunes around. The country's Head of Department of Tourism, Mr Jose Anthonio, said there were several incentives for investors in ... See more.. 
“The gigantism of the São Tomé grosbeak is striking when its morphometrics are compared with those of its partially sympatric sister species, the Principe seedeater (Crithagra rufobrunnea).” Dr. Melo and his colleagues added: “although the Principe ... See more..
... but recently, many countries in Southern and Eastern Africa recorded outbreaks of the fall armyworm, a relatively new pest originating from the Americas, whose presence on the African continent was first reported in Sao Tome and Principe around ... See more..
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Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon

Total 964 sq km
Land 964 sq km
Water 0 sq km


tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)
Natural Resources

fish, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion


Sao Tomean
186,817 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups


This small, poor island economy has become increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence in 1975. Cocoa production has substantially declined in recent years because of drought and mismanagement. Sao Tome and Principe has to import fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in global commodity prices. Over the years, it has had difficulty servicing its external debt and has relied heavily on concessional aid and debt rescheduling. Sao Tome and Principe benefited from $200 million in debt relief in December 2000 under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program, which ...See More helped bring down the country's $300 million debt burden. In August 2005, the government signed on to a new 3-year IMF Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) program worth $4.3 million. In April 2011 the country completed a Threshold Country Program with The Millennium Challenge Corporation to help increase tax revenues, reform customs, and improve the business environment. Considerable potential exists for development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years. The government also has attempted to reduce price controls and subsidies. Potential exists for the development of petroleum resources in Sao Tome and Principe's territorial waters in the oil-rich Gulf of Guinea, which are being jointly developed in a 60-40 split with Nigeria, but any actual production is at least several years off. The first production licenses were sold in 2004, though a dispute over licensing with Nigeria delayed the country''s receipt of more than $20 million in signing bonuses for almost a year. Maintaining control of inflation, fiscal discipline, and increasing flows of foreign direct investment into the oil sector are the major economic problems facing the country. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$408.6 million (2012 est.); $392.1 million (2011 est.); $374.1 million (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

20.4% of GDP (2012 est.); 15.2% of GDP (2011 est.); -12.3% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans; poultry; fish

light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber