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Sao Tome and Principe

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Health
Hesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that supports individuals and communities in their struggles to realize the right to health. We develop easy to read materials that are produced in many languages. All are available through our bookstore and for free online on our ...See More HealthWiki. Show Less
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Environment
The largest environmental concerns facing Sao Tome and Principe are land and water pollution.1 The lack of access to water sanitation facilities and the general lack of water treatment centers contribute to this problem significantly.2 The rate of access to sanitation facilities overall is only 34%, with the average access rate in rural areas as low as 23.3%.3 Soil degradation and overexploitation have also been noted as environmental concerns in Sao Tome and Principe, which comes as little surprise due to the nation's heavy reliance on cocoa exports.4 The country struggles with the negative effects of coastal erosion and flooding as results of climate change.5

Show References
1http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/S-o-Tom-and-Pr-ncipe-ENVIRONMENT.html#b
2 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tp.html
3 Ibid
4http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/S-o-Tom-and-Pr-ncipe-ENVIRONMENT.html#b
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Sao Tome and Principe News

AllAfrica.com 
Luanda — The former presidents of São Tomé and Príncipe, Miguel dos Anjos Trovoada and Manuel Pinto da Costa, have been accredited by the National Electoral Commission as observers to the forthcoming 23 August election. The two former presidents ... See more..
ReliefWeb 
The transition towards a nationally owned school meals programme continues as planned. In line with this goal, meetings with other partners and PNASE were organized. Through PNASE, the Ministry of Education will take over the management of the school ... See more..
Macauhub 
São Tomé and Príncipe's Minister of Health, Maria de Jesus Trovoada, welcomed the second medical team sent by China to the West African archipelago on Wednesday and thanked the members of the first team for the support provided to the population as ... See more..
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Daily Trust 
Prazeres: Yes, you know in Sao Tome and Principe, we have two Islands- Sao Tome is a bigger Island and it is the capital but we also have a smaller Island-Principe- where I hail from. According to our constitution, we have an autonomous government with ... See more..
Macauhub 
On Wednesday, 26 July, the National Assembly of São Tomé and Príncipe approved the Amending Budget for 2017, with the votes of the ruling Democratic Independent Action party, to include financing resulting from the new cooperation with the People's ... See more..
Macauhub 
The São Tomée and Príncipe parliament on Tuesday is due to start discussing a proposed amending budget for this year, with a view to including financing from the country's new cooperation with the People's Republic of China, Macauhub has learned from a ... See more..
The New Times 
Patrice Emery Trovoada, the Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe, on arrival at Kigali International Airport Thursday. / Timothy Kisambira. Other high-level delegates who arrived yesterday include the Vice President of Cote d'Ivoire Daniel Kablan ... See more..
Macauhub 
The new delegates from Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) and São Tomé and Príncipe and to the Permanent Secretariat of Forum Macau are taking office on 1 August, the Support Office to the Permanent Secretariat of the Forum for Economic and Trade ... See more..
New Zealand Herald 
Bangladesh is a varied wonderland which is heavily populated but bursting with sights to explore. Photo / Getty Images. Daily Mail. Share via email Share on ... See more..
The Times 
Not many people have heard of Sao Tomé and Principe, the small two-island country off Africa's west coast. But anyone thinking of escaping to the Equator can now stay in a new boutique eco-guesthouse. Roca Sundy has 12 colonial-style rooms in a former ... See more..
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Geography

Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon
Area

Total 964 sq km
Land 964 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)
Natural Resources

fish, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

NA
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion

Demographics

Nationality
Sao Tomean
Population
186,817 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

This small, poor island economy has become increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence in 1975. Cocoa production has substantially declined in recent years because of drought and mismanagement. Sao Tome and Principe has to import fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in global commodity prices. Over the years, it has had difficulty servicing its external debt and has relied heavily on concessional aid and debt rescheduling. Sao Tome and Principe benefited from $200 million in debt relief in December 2000 under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program, which ...See More helped bring down the country's $300 million debt burden. In August 2005, the government signed on to a new 3-year IMF Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) program worth $4.3 million. In April 2011 the country completed a Threshold Country Program with The Millennium Challenge Corporation to help increase tax revenues, reform customs, and improve the business environment. Considerable potential exists for development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years. The government also has attempted to reduce price controls and subsidies. Potential exists for the development of petroleum resources in Sao Tome and Principe's territorial waters in the oil-rich Gulf of Guinea, which are being jointly developed in a 60-40 split with Nigeria, but any actual production is at least several years off. The first production licenses were sold in 2004, though a dispute over licensing with Nigeria delayed the country''s receipt of more than $20 million in signing bonuses for almost a year. Maintaining control of inflation, fiscal discipline, and increasing flows of foreign direct investment into the oil sector are the major economic problems facing the country. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$408.6 million (2012 est.); $392.1 million (2011 est.); $374.1 million (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

20.4% of GDP (2012 est.); 15.2% of GDP (2011 est.); -12.3% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans; poultry; fish
Industries

light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber