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Solomon Islands

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Environment
Although the islands in the Southwest Pacific are not big producers of greenhouse gases and carbon emissions, they are affected by manmade pollution from around the world. Climate change is causing sea levels to rise, which threatens low-lying islands and causes coastal erosion.1 Land loss and flooding are destructive to those who live on the islands, where residents are powerless to stop the effects of climate change. They rely on the rest of the world to cut back on carbon emissions in order to save their homeland.2 Five of the Solomon Islands have already been lost due to climate changes, and an increasing amount are becoming uninhabitable.3

Show References
1 http://www.sidsnet.org/aosis-issues/
2 http://www.irinnews.org/feature/2009/10/05/island-nations-frustrated-climate-talks
3 http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08mb1g0
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Solomon Islands News

Radio New Zealand 
The Solomon Islands national council of women has described a falling out between the minister and permanent secretary of the Ministry of Women, Youth and ... See more..
NEWS.com.au 
Rampaging violence, lawlessness and ethnic tensions were tearing apart the Solomon Islands at the turn of the century. The Australian-led Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands began in 2003, involved 15 countries, but finally comes to an ... See more..
Scoop.co.nz (press release) 
“While RAMSI will shortly come to an end, New Zealand's commitment to the people of the Solomon Islands will not. We will continue to support efforts to promote peace and security in Solomon Islands through New Zealand Police and our wider programme ... See more..
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Radio New Zealand 
A memorial to six men and women who lost their lives while serving the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands was dedicated in Honiara on Friday. See more..
Nikkei Asian Review 
AUCKLAND -- A 14-year peacekeeping mission involving 15 countries is to end this month in the Solomon Islands, but concerns are rising that the $2.1 billion effort has failed to establish political stability. Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare told the ... See more..
The Sydney Morning Herald 
Honiara: The first murder was a long time coming, though it happened in the most unlikely of places. Among the quiet palms and thatched huts of Tambea ... See more..
ABC Online 
The Solomon Island's prime minister says last week's deadly boat capsize is a 'wake up' call for both authorities and the general population. Manasseh Sogavare has ordered a review into current emergency response systems, after at least 5 people died ... See more..
The Sydney Morning Herald 
At least 17 people including 13 children have drowned after a rescue mission was reportedly delayed for lack of funds in the Solomon Islands. See more..
Focus Taiwan News Channel (press release) 
Taipei, June 23 (CNA) Taiwan's Foreign Minister David Lee (李大維) visited the Solomon Islands this week in an effort to strengthen diplomatic relations with the South Pacific island country and explore the possibility for new cooperation in the future ... See more..
ABC Online 
Solomon Islands authorities say hopes are fading for the lives of 15 people still missing at sea in Marau on the eastern coast of Guadalcanal Island. See more..
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Geography

Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea
Area

Total 28,896 sq km
Land 27,986 sq km
Water 910 sq km

Climate

tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather
Natural Resources

fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel ;
Natural Hazards

typhoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity; tsunamis

volcanism: Tinakula (elev. 851 m) has frequent eruption activity, while an eruption of Savo (elev. 485 m) could affect the capital Honiara on nearby Guadalcanal Tinakula (elev. 851 m) has frequent eruption activity, while an eruption of Savo (elev. 485 m) could affect the capital Honiara on nearby Guadalcanal
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying

Demographics

Nationality
Solomon Islander
Population
597,248 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of its livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. Prior to the arrival of The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI), severe ethnic violence, the closing of key businesses, and an empty government treasury culminated in economic collapse. RAMSI's efforts to restore law and order and economic stability have led to modest growth as the economy rebuilds. ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$1.922 billion (2012 est.); $1.822 billion (2011 est.); $1.646 billion (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, rice, potatoes, vegetables, fruit; cattle, pigs; fish; timber
Industries

fish (tuna), mining, timber