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Solomon Islands

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Environment
Although the islands in the Southwest Pacific are not big producers of greenhouse gases and carbon emissions, they are affected by manmade pollution from around the world. Climate change is causing sea levels to rise, which threatens low-lying islands and causes coastal erosion.1 Land loss and flooding are destructive to those who live on the islands, where residents are powerless to stop the effects of climate change. They rely on the rest of the world to cut back on carbon emissions in order to save their homeland.2 Five of the Solomon Islands have already been lost due to climate changes, and an increasing amount are becoming uninhabitable.3

Show References
1 http://www.sidsnet.org/aosis-issues/
2 http://www.irinnews.org/feature/2009/10/05/island-nations-frustrated-climate-talks
3 http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08mb1g0
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Geography

Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea
Area

Total 28,896 sq km
Land 27,986 sq km
Water 910 sq km

Climate

tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather
Natural Resources

fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel ;
Natural Hazards

typhoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity; tsunamis

volcanism: Tinakula (elev. 851 m) has frequent eruption activity, while an eruption of Savo (elev. 485 m) could affect the capital Honiara on nearby Guadalcanal Tinakula (elev. 851 m) has frequent eruption activity, while an eruption of Savo (elev. 485 m) could affect the capital Honiara on nearby Guadalcanal
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying

Demographics

Nationality
Solomon Islander
Population
597,248 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of its livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. Prior to the arrival of The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI), severe ethnic violence, the closing of key businesses, and an empty government treasury culminated in economic collapse. RAMSI's efforts to restore law and order and economic stability have led to modest growth as the economy rebuilds. ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$1.922 billion (2012 est.); $1.822 billion (2011 est.); $1.646 billion (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, rice, potatoes, vegetables, fruit; cattle, pigs; fish; timber
Industries

fish (tuna), mining, timber