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Child Labor

Child Labor

Summary

Over 70 million children ages 5-17 are engaged in some sort of hazardous labor today, with over half of that population being under 14 years old.1 Africa is the continent with highest number of children involved in some sort of labor, with Asia and the Pacific close behind.2 Agriculture is the largest sector that employs children, accounting for 59 percent of the world’s child laborers.3 However, the services sector employs 54 million children, and the industry sector accounts for 12 another million.4 Boys are at a greater risk of becoming child laborers than girls, yet girls are more likely to be involved in household work or in the commercial sex industry.5 An estimated 22,000 child laborers are killed in industries such as mining, construction, manufacturing, prostitution and agriculture each year.6 Along with immediate physical dangers in exposure to toxins and dangerous machinery, child laborers also face long-term health risks like cancer, infertility and chronic pain,7 while also being less likely to attend school or have access to proper nutrition.8 Show References
1 http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/documents/publication/wcms_575499.pdf 2 Ibid 3 http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/child-labour/lang--en/index.htm 3 Ibid 4 Ibid 5 http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/documents/publication/wcms_575499.pdf 6 http://www.ilo.org/ipec/facts/WorstFormsofChildLabour/Hazardouschildlabour/lang--en/index.htm 7 http://www.who.int/occupational_health/topics/childlabour/en/ 8 http://www.unicef.org/media/media_69610.html
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Child Labor

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