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Summary

Studies have shown that domestic violence is one of the most costly issues affecting the world today.1 Although domestic abuse happens on a large scale all around the world, it is frequently overlooked in legislation passed through governments.2 Experts estimate that domestic violence costs countries on average $9.5 trillion dollars annually from the loss of economic output.3 The economic cost estimate was derived from projections of lost earnings, health complications, and the overall reduction of economic activity.4 Around the world approximately nine people die as a result of domestic violence for every one person who dies in a civil war.5 Globally nearly 769 million women become victims of domestic violence each year and 290 million children experience child abuse.6 Recent UNICEF studies found that half of all teenage girls believe that it is justifiable for a man to beat his wife.7 Furthermore, around 38% of all homicides are committed by a domestic partner.8 Some of the risk factors associated with domestic violence are a familial history of violence, prior child abuse, gender inequality and a low education attainment level.9 Family planning, especially in developing countries, is a critical component in the alleviation of poverty.10 The provision of contraceptives and reproductive health education programs is crucial in the reduction of unwanted pregnancies, as well as newborn and maternal deaths across the globe.11 Currently there are nearly 220 million females who are experiencing unwanted, and unsafe pregnancies as a result of the scarcity of contraceptives and important family planning information.12 This resulted in nearly 20 million unsafe abortions in 2012 alone.13 Of these unsafe abortions 47,000 women have died as a result of complications.14 Child abuse and exploitation takes on various forms in different countries.15 Some of the issues affecting children are violence, child labor, trafficking, female genital mutilation, early marriage and sexual abuse.16 Many of these issues that negatively affect children are culturally accepted and are an integrated part of the societal fabric.17 UNICEF is one of the most prevalent organizations that advocates for child’s rights and legal protections.18 1 http://thinkprogress.org/health/2014/09/10/3565601/domestic-violence-cost/ 2-7 Ibid 8 http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs239/en/ 9 Ibid 10 http://www.gatesfoundation.org/What-We-Do/Global-Development/Family-Planning 11-13 Ibid 14http://kff.org/global-health-policy/fact-sheet/the-u-s-government-and-international-family-planning-and-reproductive-health/ 15 http://data.unicef.org/child-protection/overview 16-18 Ibid

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