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Summary

Reporters Without Border ranks the Middle East the lowest on the World Press Freedom Index. In 2017, 13 journalists were killed, with 40 more detained, missing or imprisoned. Syria and Yemen are ranked two of the most dangerous nations in the world for journalists.1 Other nations’ journalists, even those with a high ranking on the World Press Freedom Index, are facing a climate of opposition, particularly in select European nations.2 Turkey is home to the world’s largest prison for journalists, and in 2016 the nation conducted mass trials for journalists who were suspected to be collaborators in a coup attempt. Russia ranks 148th on the index, and currently is detaining the highest number of journalists since the collapse of the Soviet Union.3 While the United States and Canada have distinct constitutional provisions for the freedom of the press, journalists often face social pressures and verbal attacks, though they are physically protected by law.4 Tunisia’s press freedoms have expanded after the fall of the Arab Spring.5 China continues to place restrictions on its citizens’ access to media.6 In 2018, 80 journalists around the world were killed, 348 remain in prison and 60 are currently being held hostage. In years prior, the death toll of those in media professions had been in decline. Over half of those killed in 2018 were intentionally targeted and attacked.7 Show References
1 https://rsf.org/en/rsf-index-2018-middle-east-riven-conflicts-political-clashes 2 https://rsf.org/en/rsf-index-2018-journalists-are-murdered-europe-well 3 https://rsf.org/en/rsf-index-2018-historic-decline-press-freedom-ex-soviet-states-turkey 4 https://rsf.org/en/rsf-index-2018-us-falls-canada-rises 5 https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2018/07/23/the-global-slump-in-press-freedom https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/press-freedom-is-in-retreat-around-the-world--including-here/2018/04/26/80dedae8-48b4-11e8-9072-f6d4bc32f223_story.html?utm_term=.00a7c9c8ab22 7 https://rsf.org/en/news/rsfs-2018-round-deadly-attacks-and-abuses-against-journalists-figures-all-categories
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