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Indigenous Peoples

Indigenous Peoples

Summary

Indigenous peoples are populations that were native to their nation or region prior to colonial settlement. Typically they form a minority in post-colonial nations, and have distinct languages, traditions and cultures. However, the definition of “indigenous” varies, and is widely disputed.1 Approximately 370 million people worldwide identify with one of 5,000 different indigenous people groups around the world.2 Together, indigenous peoples account for nearly 5 percent of the global population.3 Seventy percent of the world’s indigenous peoples live in Asia. In Bolivia and Guatemala, indigenous populations make up over 50 percent of the national population.4 Indigenous people groups speak approximately 7,000 different languages.5 Of the world’s poorest populations, indigenous groups account for 15 percent of the most impoverished people in the world,6 and have a life expectancy nearly 20 years lower than that of non-indigenous peoples.7 Over a third of indigenous women report being sexually assaulted at some point in their lifetime.8 Indigenous populations in the United States are comprised primarily of Alaska Natives and American Indians.9 There are 567 federally recognized tribal entities in the U.S., totaling in approximately 6.6 million people who identify as Native American or Alaska Native.10 Show References
1 https://www.culturalsurvival.org/issues 2 https://www.businessinsider.com/21-photos-of-indigenous-people-around-world-2015-8 3 https://www.culturalsurvival.org/issues 4 Ibid 5 https://stories.undp.org/10-things-we-all-should-know-about-indigenous-people 6–8 Ibid 9 https://www.iwgia.org/en/usa 10 Ibid
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Indigenous Peoples

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