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Belarus

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Children/Youth
At Eevah, we create beautiful jewelry with the desire to impact lives around the world. At the heart of our company is the passion to help children in under-resourced areas of the world.
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Afghanistan , Albania , Algeria , Angola , Argentina , Australia , Austria , Azerbaijan , Bangladesh , Belarus ...See More Countries , Belize , Benin , Bolivia , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Botswana , Brazil , Bulgaria , Burkina Faso , Cambodia , Cameroon , Canada , Central African Republic , Chile , China , Colombia , Congo , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Costa Rica , Cote d'Ivoire , Croatia , Cuba , Czech Republic , Denmark , Dominican Republic , Ecuador , Egypt , El Salvador , Eritrea , Estonia , Ethiopia , Falkland Islands , Fiji , Finland , France , French Guiana , Gabon , Georgia , Germany , Ghana , Greece , Greenland , Guatemala , Guinea , Guinea Ecuatorial , Guinea-Bissau , Guyana , Haiti , Honduras , Hungary , Iceland , India , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Ireland , Israel , Italy , Jamaica , Japan , Jordan , Kazakhstan , Kenya , Kyrgyzstan , Laos , Latvia , Liberia , Libya , Lithuania , Macedonia , Madagascar , Malawi , Malaysia , Mali , Mauritania , Mexico , Mongolia , Morocco , Mozambique , Myanmar , Namibia , Nepal , Netherlands , New Caledonia , New Zealand , Nicaragua , Niger , Nigeria , Norway , Oman , Pakistan , Panama , Papua New Guinea , Paraguay , Peru , Philippines , Poland , Portugal , Republic of Chad , Romania , Russia , Saudi Arabia , Senegal , Serbia , Sierra Leone , Slovakia , Slovenia , Solomon Islands , Somalia , South Africa , Spain , Sri Lanka , Sudan , Suriname , Svalbard , Sweden , Switzerland , Syria , Tajikistan , Tanzania , Thailand , The Bahamas , The Republic of South Sudan , Togo , Trinidad and Tobago , Tunisia , Turkey , Turkmenistan , Uganda , Ukraine , United Arab Emirates , United Kingdom , United States of America , Uruguay , Uzbekistan , Vanuatu , Venezuela , Vietnam , Western Sahara , Yemen , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
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Human Rights
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Belarus
Causes
Children/Youth
ABRO brings Belarussian children to the U.S.A. each summer to receive medical care and treatment from the radiation that plagues their society from the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster. Children stay with host families for six weeks during the summer months.
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Health
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Causes We Support

Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
Poverty
Religion
Clean Water
Economy
Government
Health
Children/Youth
Animals
Environment
Belarus is a member of the “United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change” and the Kyoto Protocol.1 The United Nations Development Program has evaluated Belarus and helped the country maintain its official standing with international conventions on climate change and environmental issues.2 Belarus has begun to rely more heavily on renewable energy sources in the country in order to successfully limit the amount of greenhouse gases that they emit.3 Air pollution is a serious problem in most major cities in the country, with automobile exhaust accounting for nearly half of the pollution.4 Additionally, Belarus imports nearly 85% of its energy, which is expensive and unsustainable.5 In 1986, a nuclear power plant in Chernobyl exploded, contaminating one-fifth of the country with radiation and affecting over two ...See More million people.6 As a result, radiation-related diseases are now on the rise.7 Show Less

Show References
1 http://www.mfa.gov.by/en/organizations/issue/climate_change/
2 Ibid
3http://undp.bhttp://naturvernforbundet.no/international/environmental-issues-in-belarus/category933.htmly/en/undp/focus-areas/energy/
4 http://naturvernforbundet.no/international/environmental-issues-in-belarus/category933.html
5 Ibid
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Belarus News

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Geography

Eastern Europe, east of Poland
Area

Total 207,600 sq km
Land 202,900 sq km
Water 4,700 sq km

Climate

cold winters, cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime
Natural Resources

timber, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay ;
Natural Hazards

NA
Current Environmental Issues

soil pollution from pesticide use; southern part of the country contaminated with fallout from 1986 nuclear reactor accident at Chornobyl' in northern Ukraine

Demographics

Nationality
Belarusian
Population
9,625,888 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

As part of the former Soviet Union, Belarus had a relatively well-developed industrial base; it retained this industrial base - which is now outdated, energy inefficient, and dependent on subsidized Russian energy and preferential access to Russian markets - following the breakup of the USSR. The country also has a broad agricultural base which is inefficient and dependent on government subsidies. After an initial burst of capitalist reform from 1991-94, including privatization of state enterprises, creation of institutions of private property, and development of entrepreneurship, Belarus' economic development greatly slowed. About 80% of all industry remains in state hands, and ...See More foreign investment has been hindered by a climate hostile to business. A few banks, which had been privatized after independence, were renationalized. State banks account for 75% of the banking sector. Economic output, which had declined for several years following the collapse of the Soviet Union, revived in the mid-2000s thanks to the boom in oil prices. Belarus has only small reserves of crude oil, though it imports most of its crude oil and natural gas from Russia at prices substantially below the world market. Belarus exported refined oil products at market prices produced from Russian crude oil purchased at a steep discount. In late 2006, Russia began a process of rolling back its subsidies on oil and gas to Belarus. Tensions over Russian energy reached a peak in 2010, when Russia stopped the export of all subsidized oil to Belarus save for domestic needs. In December 2010, Russia and Belarus reached a deal to restart the export of discounted oil to Belarus. Little new foreign investment has occurred in recent years. In 2011, a financial crisis began, triggered by government directed salary hikes unsupported by commensurate productivity increases. The crisis was compounded by an increased cost in Russian energy inputs and an overvalued Belarusian ruble, and eventually led to a near three-fold devaluation of the Belarusian ruble in 2011. In November 2011, Belarus agreed to sell to Russia its remaining shares in Beltransgaz, the Belarusian natural gas pipeline operator, in exchange for reduced prices for Russian natural gas. Receiving more than half of a $3 billion loan from the Russian-dominated Eurasian Economic Community Bail-out Fund, a $1 billion loan from the Russian state-owned bank Sberbank, and the $2.5 billion sale of Beltranzgas to Russian state-owned Gazprom helped stabilize the situation in 2012; nevertheless, the Belarusian currency lost more than 60% of its value, as the rate of inflation reached 53% in 2011 and 59% in 2012. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$149.2 billion (2012 est.); $147 billion (2011 est.); $139.2 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

31.6% of GDP (2012 est.); 29.2% of GDP (2011 est.); 26.2% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beets, flax; beef, milk
Industries

metal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, synthetic fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators