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Colombia

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Argentina , Bolivia , Chile , Colombia , Cuba , Dominican Republic , Ecuador , Guatemala , Honduras , Mexico ...See More Countries , Paraguay , Peru , Uruguay , Venezuela Show Less Countries
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Religion
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Algeria , Argentina , Bangladesh , Botswana , Brazil , Cameroon , China , Colombia , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Cote d'Ivoire ...See More Countries , Ecuador , Egypt , Ethiopia , Ghana , Guinea , India , Indonesia , Iraq , Jordan , Kazakhstan , Kenya , Liberia , Libya , Malawi , Malaysia , Mexico , Morocco , Mozambique , Namibia , Nepal , Nigeria , Pakistan , Paraguay , Peru , Russia , Rwanda , SaudiArabia , Senegal , Sierra Leone , South Africa , Sri Lanka , Syria , Tanzania , Thailand , Tunisia , Turkey , Uganda , Uzbekistan , Venezuela , Vietnam , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
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Education
Worldreader is a non-profit on a mission to bring digital books to every child and her family, so that they can improve their lives.

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Bangladesh , Benin , Bhutan , Burkina Faso , Colombia , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Cuba , Dominican Republic , Ethiopia , Ghana ...See More Countries , Guatemala , Haiti , India , Kenya , Liberia , Mali , Myanmar , Nepal , Niger , Nigeria , Pakistan , Philippines , Rwanda , Senegal , Sri Lanka , Tanzania , Togo , Uganda , Vietnam Show Less Countries
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Religion, Education
We train church planters around the world.

Locations
Bangladesh , Burkina Faso , China , Colombia , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Dominican Republic , Ghana , Honduras , India , Indonesia ...See More Countries , Kenya , Macedonia , Malawi , Mozambique , Nicaragua , Niger , Nigeria , Pakistan , Peru , Philippines , Romania , Rwanda , Serbia , South Africa , Tanzania , Uganda , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
Causes
Poverty
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Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
Poverty
Religion
Clean Water
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Children/Youth
Environment
Colombiaâ's ecosystem is incredibly diverse, both in the types of regions it has within its borders, and in the species it houses. However, there are many threats to the Colombian ecosystem that include over-harvesting, land erosion, air and water pollution, illegal logging in rainforests, coral bleaching, and unsustainable tourism.1 The government has made efforts to conserve its ecosystem, but there are still issues in conservation, including the conservation of endangered species like the cauca guan, rare turtles, and alligators.2 Pollution has had a powerful influence on Colombiaâ's natural environment, including its freshwater sources.3 Also, air pollution caused by the dense population and hugely crowded city centers causes diseases of the lungs, including pneumonia.4 These diseases are especially prevalent among young children. Poverty and environmental ...See More degradation have become interconnected.5 Problems in the environment like water and air pollution cause serious problems for the poor, who are most vulnerable to natural dangers. In return, the poor become displaced and live in conditions which harm the environment.6 Because of this, Colombia must combat both poverty and environmental issues within its borders. Show Less

Show References
1http://wwf.panda.org/who_we_are/wwf_offices/colombia/environmental_problems_colombia/
2 http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Colombia-ENVIRONMENT.html
3 http://sidaenvironmenthelpdesk.se/wordpress3/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Environmental-policy-brief-Colombia-2008.pdf
4-6 Ibid
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Colombia News

The Guardian 
Caught in a complex war driven by inequality, narco trafficking and territorial control, most Colombians have never experienced peacetime. A conflict that spanned half a century, and was played out between paramilitaries, the government and Farc rebels ... See more..
teleSUR English 
As Colombia's largest rebel army demobilizes, preparing to lay down its arms once and for all to transition to civilian life after more than half a century of civil war, two FARC members have been assassinated in less than 10 days as rebel leaders and ... See more..
San Francisco Examiner 
Long portrayed in the media and popular entertainment as a land of drug trafficking, violence and other woes, Colombia is a rich, human and gorgeous subject in Matthew O'Brien's photographs. “All of my work is about beauty, and that's a wide, ... See more..
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Metro 
A woman called Marya de Iesus on social media recorded the religious experience and shared it online, where many commented that it was a sign of Jesus of Nazareth. She wrote with the video: 'Jesus Christ was visiting our Colombian town, he calmed down ... See more..
Huffington Post 
People wait outside the customs office in San Antonio del Tachira, Venezuela, for the opening of the passage to the Simon Bolivar international bridge, which links the city with Cucuta, in Norte de Santander province, Colombia, on Dec. 20, 2016. See more..
Daily Mail 
A crowd gathered to film the sunlight slanting through clouds in Manizales, in the Colombian region of Caldas, where 17 people were killed by landslides ... See more..
Jacobin magazine 
The biggest opponents of Colombia's peace process are the most removed from the reality of war. by Kieran Duffy. Colombian soldiers in 2013. Wikimedia ... See more..
Equal Times 
The same journey takes drug traffickers less than an hour by speedboat. In Tumaco, the region with the highest number of coca plantations in Colombia, growers are resisting pressure from the government to eradicate their coca production, which has ... See more..
Wall Street Journal (subscription) 
An analogy usually works as a low-risk way to make a point. The secret is to stick to comparisons that garner near-universal support. President Trump did it in February when he talked about the need for bold infrastructure projects like Eisenhower's ... See more..
The New Yorker 
Carlos Antonio Lozada, a FARC commander, tries to guide his former fighters back into society. See more..
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Geography

Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama
Area

Total 1,138,910 sq km
Land 1,038,700 sq km
Water 100,210 sq km

***NOTE*** includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, and Serrana Bank
Climate

tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
Natural Resources

petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

highlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts

volcanism: Galeras (elev. 4,276 m) is one of Colombia's most active volcanoes, having erupted in 2009 and 2010 causing major evacuations; it has been deemed a "Decade Volcano" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Nevado del Ruiz (elev. 5,321 m), 129 km (80 mi) west of Bogota, erupted in 1985 producing lahars that killed 23,000 people; the volcano last erupted in 1991; additionally, after 500 years of dormancy, Nevado del Huila reawakened in 2007 and has experienced frequent eruptions since then; other historically active volcanoes include Cumbal, Dona Juana, Nevado del Tolima, and Purace Galeras (elev. 4,276 m) is one of Colombia's most active volcanoes, having erupted in 2009 and 2010 causing major evacuations; it has been deemed a "Decade Volcano" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Nevado del Ruiz (elev. 5,321 m), 129 km (80 mi) west of Bogota, erupted in 1985 producing lahars that killed 23,000 people; the volcano last erupted in 1991; additionally, after 500 years of dormancy, Nevado del Huila reawakened in 2007 and has experienced frequent eruptions since ...See More then; other historically active volcanoes include Cumbal, Dona Juana, Nevado del Tolima, and Purace Show Less
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; soil and water quality damage from overuse of pesticides; air pollution, especially in Bogota, from vehicle emissions

Demographics

Nationality
Colombian
Population
45,745,783 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Colombia's consistently sound economic policies and aggressive promotion of free trade agreements in recent years have bolstered its ability to face external shocks. Real GDP has grown more than 4% per year for the past three years, continuing almost a decade of strong economic performance. All three major ratings agencies have upgraded Colombia's government debt to investment grade. Nevertheless, Colombia depends heavily on oil exports, making it vulnerable to a drop in oil prices. Economic development is stymied by inadequate infrastructure, weakened further by recent flooding. Moreover, the unemployment rate of 10.3% in 2012 is still one of Latin America's ...See More highest. The SANTOS Administration's foreign policy has focused on bolstering Colombia's commercial ties and boosting investment at home. The US-Colombia Free Trade Agreement (FTA) was ratified by the US Congress in October 2011 and implemented in 2012. Colombia has signed or is negotiating FTAs with a number of other countries, including Canada, Chile, Mexico, Switzerland, the EU, Venezuela, South Korea, Turkey, Japan, China, Costa Rica, Panama, and Israel. Foreign direct investment - notably in the oil and gas sectors - reached a record $10 billion in 2008 but dropped to $7.2 billion in 2009, before beginning to recover in 2010, and reached a record high of nearly $16 billion in 2012. Colombia is the third largest Latin American exporter of oil to the United States, and the United States' largest source of imported coal. Inequality, underemployment, and narcotrafficking remain significant challenges, and Colombia's infrastructure requires major improvements to sustain economic expansion. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$511.1 billion (2012 est.); $491.5 billion (2011 est.); $460.8 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

20.4% of GDP (2012 est.); 20.9% of GDP (2011 est.); 19.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; shrimp; forest products
Industries

textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds