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Colombia

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Argentina , Bolivia , Chile , Colombia , Cuba , Dominican Republic , Ecuador , Guatemala , Honduras , Mexico ...See More Countries , Paraguay , Peru , Uruguay , Venezuela Show Less Countries
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Religion
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Algeria , Argentina , Bangladesh , Botswana , Brazil , Cameroon , China , Colombia , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Cote d'Ivoire ...See More Countries , Ecuador , Egypt , Ethiopia , Ghana , Guinea , India , Indonesia , Iraq , Jordan , Kazakhstan , Kenya , Liberia , Libya , Malawi , Malaysia , Mexico , Morocco , Mozambique , Namibia , Nepal , Nigeria , Pakistan , Paraguay , Peru , Russia , Rwanda , SaudiArabia , Senegal , Sierra Leone , South Africa , Sri Lanka , Syria , Tanzania , Thailand , Tunisia , Turkey , Uganda , Uzbekistan , Venezuela , Vietnam , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
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Education
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Bangladesh , Benin , Bhutan , Burkina Faso , Colombia , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Cuba , Dominican Republic , Ethiopia , Ghana ...See More Countries , Guatemala , Haiti , India , Kenya , Liberia , Mali , Myanmar , Nepal , Niger , Nigeria , Pakistan , Philippines , Rwanda , Senegal , Sri Lanka , Tanzania , Togo , Uganda , Vietnam Show Less Countries
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Religion, Education
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Locations
Bangladesh , Burkina Faso , China , Colombia , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Dominican Republic , Ghana , Honduras , India , Indonesia ...See More Countries , Kenya , Macedonia , Malawi , Mozambique , Nicaragua , Niger , Nigeria , Pakistan , Peru , Philippines , Romania , Rwanda , Serbia , South Africa , Tanzania , Uganda , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
Causes
Poverty
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Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
Poverty
Religion
Clean Water
Economy
Government
Health
Children/Youth
Environment
Colombiaâ's ecosystem is incredibly diverse, both in the types of regions it has within its borders, and in the species it houses. However, there are many threats to the Colombian ecosystem that include over-harvesting, land erosion, air and water pollution, illegal logging in rainforests, coral bleaching, and unsustainable tourism.1 The government has made efforts to conserve its ecosystem, but there are still issues in conservation, including the conservation of endangered species like the cauca guan, rare turtles, and alligators.2 Pollution has had a powerful influence on Colombiaâ's natural environment, including its freshwater sources.3 Also, air pollution caused by the dense population and hugely crowded city centers causes diseases of the lungs, including pneumonia.4 These diseases are especially prevalent among young children. Poverty and environmental ...See More degradation have become interconnected.5 Problems in the environment like water and air pollution cause serious problems for the poor, who are most vulnerable to natural dangers. In return, the poor become displaced and live in conditions which harm the environment.6 Because of this, Colombia must combat both poverty and environmental issues within its borders. Show Less

Show References
1http://wwf.panda.org/who_we_are/wwf_offices/colombia/environmental_problems_colombia/
2 http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Colombia-ENVIRONMENT.html
3 http://sidaenvironmenthelpdesk.se/wordpress3/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Environmental-policy-brief-Colombia-2008.pdf
4-6 Ibid
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Colombia News

Labor Notes 
The union has drawn on innovative protest tactics, often incorporating traditional cultural actions like Afro-Colombian dances with member-led peaceful occupation of public spaces. Equally important, it has relied on a back-to-basics organizing ... See more..
Washington Post 
A group of about 60 Venezuelan soldiers crossed the border into Colombia this week, set up camp on a banana plantation and flew their national flag for a few days, an incident Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos called “a totally unacceptable” ... See more..
Inside Higher Ed 
On Nov. 24, 2016, the great and the good of Colombian higher education made their way through Bogotá's noise, congestion and pollution, past the graffiti murals of exotic birds, serpents and mythological scenes, to a plush reception hosted by the U.S. ... See more..
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Pocket Gamer.Biz 
The Colombia 4.0 conference in Bogata welcomed over 17,000 gamers, musicians and animators through its doors. This is a nation of teenagers. According to the last census, almost 40% of the population were between the ages of 10 and 20, making it a very ... See more..
teleSUR English 
Members of Colombia's National Army were just a few meters away from the site where Oteca was shot, but did not detain those responsible, witnesses also claim. Minutes after the assassination, members of Cauca's Indigenous community rushed to the site, ... See more..
UN News Centre 
Extensive environmental damage from illegal mining on the Quito River, Chocó region, Colombia. Photo: UNEP. Print. 24 March 2017 – Concluding a mission to ... See more..
Daily Mail 
James Rodriguez put in a captain's display as he dragged Colombia back into World Cup contention against Bolivia. Colombia seemed to be on course for a frustrating home draw until Real Madrid forward Rodriguez struck home from a rebound after his ... See more..
Insightcrime.org 
César Mauricio Ocampo, acting mayor of Tumaco, a municipality in Colombia's department of Nariño, said the guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia – FARC) allegedly held a political ... See more..
The Economist 
THE hills surrounding Sinaí, a village in south-west Colombia, are blanketed in a green patchwork, ranging from the bright chartreuse of coca-plant seedlings to ... See more..
Miami Herald 
When Inty Maleywa was 23 and still in art school, she went to visit Colombia's largest guerrilla groups with a sketchpad and colored pencils in her backpack. What was supposed to be a brief trip into the jungle where she hoped to finish her thesis ... See more..
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Geography

Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama
Area

Total 1,138,910 sq km
Land 1,038,700 sq km
Water 100,210 sq km

***NOTE*** includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, and Serrana Bank
Climate

tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands ;
Natural Resources

petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

highlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts

volcanism: Galeras (elev. 4,276 m) is one of Colombia's most active volcanoes, having erupted in 2009 and 2010 causing major evacuations; it has been deemed a "Decade Volcano" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Nevado del Ruiz (elev. 5,321 m), 129 km (80 mi) west of Bogota, erupted in 1985 producing lahars that killed 23,000 people; the volcano last erupted in 1991; additionally, after 500 years of dormancy, Nevado del Huila reawakened in 2007 and has experienced frequent eruptions since then; other historically active volcanoes include Cumbal, Dona Juana, Nevado del Tolima, and Purace Galeras (elev. 4,276 m) is one of Colombia's most active volcanoes, having erupted in 2009 and 2010 causing major evacuations; it has been deemed a "Decade Volcano" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Nevado del Ruiz (elev. 5,321 m), 129 km (80 mi) west of Bogota, erupted in 1985 producing lahars that killed 23,000 people; the volcano last erupted in 1991; additionally, after 500 years of dormancy, Nevado del Huila reawakened in 2007 and has experienced frequent eruptions since ...See More then; other historically active volcanoes include Cumbal, Dona Juana, Nevado del Tolima, and Purace Show Less ;
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; soil and water quality damage from overuse of pesticides; air pollution, especially in Bogota, from vehicle emissions ;

Demographics

Nationality
Colombian
Population
45,745,783 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Colombia's consistently sound economic policies and aggressive promotion of free trade agreements in recent years have bolstered its ability to face external shocks. Real GDP has grown more than 4% per year for the past three years, continuing almost a decade of strong economic performance. All three major ratings agencies have upgraded Colombia's government debt to investment grade. Nevertheless, Colombia depends heavily on oil exports, making it vulnerable to a drop in oil prices. Economic development is stymied by inadequate infrastructure, weakened further by recent flooding. Moreover, the unemployment rate of 10.3% in 2012 is still one of Latin America's ...See More highest. The SANTOS Administration's foreign policy has focused on bolstering Colombia's commercial ties and boosting investment at home. The US-Colombia Free Trade Agreement (FTA) was ratified by the US Congress in October 2011 and implemented in 2012. Colombia has signed or is negotiating FTAs with a number of other countries, including Canada, Chile, Mexico, Switzerland, the EU, Venezuela, South Korea, Turkey, Japan, China, Costa Rica, Panama, and Israel. Foreign direct investment - notably in the oil and gas sectors - reached a record $10 billion in 2008 but dropped to $7.2 billion in 2009, before beginning to recover in 2010, and reached a record high of nearly $16 billion in 2012. Colombia is the third largest Latin American exporter of oil to the United States, and the United States' largest source of imported coal. Inequality, underemployment, and narcotrafficking remain significant challenges, and Colombia's infrastructure requires major improvements to sustain economic expansion. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$511.1 billion (2012 est.); $491.5 billion (2011 est.); $460.8 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

20.4% of GDP (2012 est.); 20.9% of GDP (2011 est.); 19.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; shrimp; forest products
Industries

textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds