Learn more about specific causes in Bermuda that you can get involved in.
EnvironmentThe British West Indies have a tropical maritime climate. The forests were depleted hundreds of years ago by sugarcane plantation owners making room to create more farmable land. Some islands have mountainous terrain while others are lower in elevation, so plant life varies based on the terrain.1 Bermuda’s dense population and lack of clean energy sources place the island at 15th in the world for carbon emissions.2 An insect epidemic in the 1940’s wiped out most of the island’s native Bermuda cedar and mangrove trees.3
FamilyThe ethnicity of the islanders is quite heterogeneous because of the history of slave labor on the islands. Citizens have a mix of African, Spanish, French, British, and Dutch heritage. Their culture and language is a mix of British and Native American tradition.1
Human RightsSince the islands are a British territory, residents enjoy the rights of British citizenship, including free speech and fair trial.1 As a result of new legislation in 2011, the British Caribbean islands have taken measures to improve human rights, especially in the area of gender discrimination.2
EducationPrimary education in the British Caribbean Islands is free and compulsory from the average ages of 5-16. Schools follow a traditional British model of education, although changes are being made to integrate vocational skills into curriculum. The majority of the population is literate. (1, 2)
PovertyPoverty levels, along with the rest of the economy of many Caribbean islands, can change according to the ebb and flow of the tourism industry. Declines in tourism affect the national economy and individual’s livelihoods.1 In Bermuda, an extremely high average annual income ($143,882 in 2014) goes along with an extremely high cost of living, 70% higher than the cost of living in the US. Expensive housing, along with overcrowded land, poses a challenge to the poor citizens of Bermuda.2
ReligionAll the islands enjoy religious freedom under British rule. The majority religion in English territories is Protestantism, with different countries varying between Christian denominations.1
Clean WaterClean Water Clean water is a difficulty for many Caribbean islands that don’t have fresh water sources. Besides distilling seawater, another option is to harvest rainwater.1 Bermudian citizens rely on rain to supply their drinking water. They must gather and disinfect the water themselves in tanks. The water often becomes contaminated when tanks are not properly cleaned and maintained.2
EconomyEconomy The majority of the economy in the British Caribbean islands comes from tourism and agriculture.1 Bermudian citizens receive one of the highest average annual incomes in the world. Dense population increases the cost of living, also making it one of the most expensive places in the world to live.2 In 2015, Bermuda entered into an economic recession that involved public debt and government deficit, although average income per capita remained the fourth-highest in the world.3
GovernmentFor all British Overseas Territories, the British monarch is the head of state and is represented by an appointed governor.1
HealthAlong with many other Caribbean islands, the main health problems in the British West Indies are those associated with the supply and improvement of drinking water and with the disposal of sewage. Dense populations are also linked to inadequate numbers of medical personnel to meet basic health needs.1
ChildrenLabor laws prevent children under age 13 from entering the workforce. Children also have access to free public school up until age 16, where they receive academic and vocational training.1
AnimalsThe West Indies British islands are home to tropical birds like flamingos and parrots, along with numerous species of bats and lizards. There is a diverse variety of marine life, although many species are endangered due to improper care and conservation.1 Most of the natural wildlife habitat in Bermuda has been destroyed to make room for the dense human population.2
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