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Egypt

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The Pan-African Academy of Christian Surgeons (PAACS) is a strategic response to the need for surgeons in Africa. We are a non-denominational, multinational service organization training African physicians to become general surgeons who are willing to remain in Africa to meet that need.

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Human Rights
Modeled on Vietnam Vets Against the War, LEAP brings unquestionable credibility and first hand experience to its critique of our drug policies to wide audiences. Find out why Michelle Alexander, author of The New Jim Crow said, "Law Enforcement Against Prohibition is a singular organization whose credibility and experience provide ...See More one of the strongest voices against the War on Drugs anywhere in the world." Show Less
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Environment
Pollution is the biggest challenge facing Egypt and its water supply.1 Industrial runoff, agricultural runoff, and sewage are routinely deposited in the Nile River.2 Egypt is densely populated, waste storage is limited, and water treatment plants are scarce.3 Air pollution has increased in the past decade due to the significant population increase.4 In Cairo today, the average citizen inhales 20 times more than the acceptable level of air pollution daily.5 Along with the increased pollution, Egypt has to reform its environmental policies to help mitigate the negative effects that are caused by climate change and a rapidly expanding population.6

Show References
1 http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Egypt-ENVIRONMENT.html
2-5 Ibid
6 http://www.eeaa.gov.eg/english/main/envprofile.asp
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Nigeria, Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq
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Egypt News

National Geographic 
“The population was down by half between [2008 to 2009] and 2012, and then from [2015 to 2016], it was down again,” says Amr Hady, a researcher in the Crocodile Management Unit of the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency, which was established to ... See more..
CBS News 
UNITED NATIONS -- Kuwait, acting as a mediator in a snowballing international spat, presented Qatar on Friday with a list of demands from Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, four Arab nations that severed ties with Qatar in early ... See more..
Washington Post 
CAIRO — U.N. human rights experts urged Egypt on Thursday to halt the execution of six men, sentenced to death over killing a policeman, saying that their trials were “flawed” and “did not meet international standards of fairness.” The U.N statement ... See more..
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U.S. News & World Report 
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi gives an address after the gunmen attack in Minya, accompanied by leaders of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces and the Supreme Council for Police (unseen), at the Ittihadiya presidential palace in Cairo ... See more..
Aljazeera.com 
Al Jazeera denounces Egypt's decision to extend Hussein's detention by 45 days and calls for his unconditional release. See more..
Newsweek 
A big wood-and-leather toe from Egypt is the oldest prosthetic discovered so far, researchers believe, and provides an insight into the world of ancient medicine. See more..
Eyewitness News 
Egypt forward Salah joins Liverpool. British media reported that Liverpool paid 34 million euros (£30 million) to sign Salah, who is returning to the Premier League two and a half years after leaving Chelsea. Egyptian winger Mohamed Salah joins Liverpool. See more..
CNN 
Scientists analyzing mummy DNA find that the closest ancient relations were from the Near East and Europe. See more..
Aljazeera.com 
Egypt has begun to deliver one million litres of fuel to the Gaza Strip, in an attempt to ease the Palestinian enclave's desperate electricity crisis. The fuel, trucked in through the otherwise besieged Rafah border between Egypt and Gaza, will be ... See more..
Wichita Eagle 
Census workers going door to door in Egypt's teeming neighborhoods and crowded towns are discovering a new country — of more than 20 million people born in the last decade alone. Family planning efforts have lapsed over the past decade, particularly ... See more..
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Geography

Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula
Area

Total 1,001,450 sq km
Land 995,450 sq km
Water 6,000 sq km

Climate

desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
Natural Resources

petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc ;
Natural Hazards

periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes; flash floods; landslides; hot, driving windstorms called khamsin occur in spring; dust storms; sandstorms
Current Environmental Issues

agricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands; increasing soil salination below Aswan High Dam; desertification; oil pollution threatening coral reefs, beaches, and marine habitats; other water pollution from agricultural pesticides, raw sewage, and industrial effluents; limited natural freshwater resources away from the Nile, which is the only perennial water source; rapid growth in population overstraining the Nile and natural resources

Demographics

Nationality
Egyptian
Population
85,294,388 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Occupying the northeast corner of the African continent, Egypt is bisected by the highly fertile Nile valley, where most economic activity takes place. Egypt's economy was highly centralized during the rule of former President Gamal Abdel NASSER but opened up considerably under former Presidents Anwar EL-SADAT and Mohamed Hosni MUBARAK. Cairo from 2004 to 2008 aggressively pursued economic reforms to attract foreign investment and facilitate GDP growth. Despite the relatively high levels of economic growth in recent years, living conditions for the average Egyptian remained poor and contributed to public discontent. After unrest erupted in January 2011, the Egyptian Government ...See More backtracked on economic reforms, drastically increasing social spending to address public dissatisfaction, but political uncertainty at the same time caused economic growth to slow significantly, reducing the government's revenues. Tourism, manufacturing, and construction were among the hardest hit sectors of the Egyptian economy, and economic growth is likely to remain slow during the next several years. The government drew down foreign exchange reserves by more than 50% in 2011 and 2012 to support the Egyptian pound and the dearth of foreign financial assistance - as a result of unsuccessful negotiations with the International Monetary Fund over a multi-billion dollar loan agreement which have dragged on more than 20 months - could precipitate fiscal and balance of payments crises in 2013. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$548.8 billion (2012 est.); $536.9 billion (2011 est.); $527.6 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

14% of GDP (2012 est.); 13.8% of GDP (2011 est.); 16.9% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats
Industries

textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures