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Environment
Estoniaâ's environment is particularly burdened by the aftereffects of pollution and environmental degradation from the Soviet era.1 In particular, air pollution and uranium pollution continue to produce negative effects on the countryâ's landscape.2

Show References
1http://www.photius.com/countries/estonia/geography/estonia_geography_environmental_issues.html
2 Ibid
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Estonia News

The Guardian 
Kersti Kaljulaid, Estonia's first female leader, also welcomed the arrival of about 120 British troops last week in the Baltic nation, the first batch of soldiers deployed under a Nato plan to deter Russian aggression. Britain and Estonia have security ... See more..
Washington Post 
TALLINN, ESTONIA. Estonian President Kersti Kaljulaid is treading carefully. Sitting in her office this past week, she said she believes Vice President Pence's assurances that, despite President Trump's skepticism, the United States is committed to NATO. See more..
Cyprus Mail 
The Cyprus national football team host Estonia at the GSP Stadium on Saturday in what is a must-win encounter in order to cling onto any hopes of qualifying for the 2018 World Cup. Sitting in fourth place, seven points behind Greece who sit in second ... See more..
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The Sun 
BRITISH tanks and heavy artillery began arriving in Estonia yesterday to ward off Russian aggression. They will support some 800 UK troops defending Nato's eastern flank. The Challenger 2 tanks will support British troops already stationed in Estonia. See more..
Estonian World (press release) (blog) 
The first great advantage of Estonia: it's a small country. Everything here is small: the population, the distances, the prices and so on. It also works in regards to finding a house: there is one website that everyone uses instead of a billion options ... See more..
The Independent 
The first of 800 UK troops have arrived in Estonia as part of a Nato plan to deter Russian aggression in the Baltic. Some 120 soldiers from the 5th Battalion The Rifles landed at the Amari air base, 25 miles south-west of the capital Tallinn. They were ... See more..
ZDNet 
In two years since the official launch of the e-residency program, Estonia has accepted almost 17,000 applications. Altogether the e-residents have set up more than 1,300 companies and contributed more than €4.3m ($4.6m) to Estonia in taxes and services. See more..
University of St. Thomas Newsroom 
Quick: Can you find Estonia on a map? Extra credit if you can point it out on a map without country names. Got it? It's that one just across the Baltic Sea from the eastern border of Sweden, tucked between the northern border of Latvia and the western ... See more..
Estonian World (press release) (blog) 
Estonia will receive a 100th birthday gift next year that will be truly out of this world – as part of the country's centenary celebrations in 2018, ESTCube will unveil its second satellite while its team embarks on a mission across Estonia to educate ... See more..
The Sun 
Britain will lead the new Enhanced Forward Presence alongside Estonian, French, Danish and Spanish forces. See more..
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Geography

Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia
Area

Total 45,228 sq km
Land 42,388 sq km
Water 2,840 sq km

***NOTE*** includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
Climate

maritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers ;
Natural Resources

oil shale, peat, rare earth elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud ;
Natural Hazards

sometimes flooding occurs in the spring
Current Environmental Issues

air polluted with sulfur dioxide from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; however, the amount of pollutants emitted to the air have fallen steadily, the emissions of 2000 were 80% less than in 1980; the amount of unpurified wastewater discharged to water bodies in 2000 was 1/20 the level of 1980; in connection with the start-up of new water purification plants, the pollution load of wastewater decreased; Estonia has more than 1,400 natural and manmade lakes, the smaller of which in agricultural areas need to be monitored; coastal seawater is polluted in certain locations ;

Demographics

Nationality
Estonian
Population
1,266,375 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Estonia, a member of the European Union and the eurozone since 2004, has a modern market-based economy and one of the higher per capita income levels in Central Europe and the Baltic region. Estonia's successive governments have pursued a free market, pro-business economic agenda and have wavered little in their commitment to pro-market reforms. The current government has followed sound fiscal policies that have resulted in balanced budgets and low public debt. The economy benefits from strong electronics and telecommunications sectors and strong trade ties with Finland, Sweden, Russia, and Germany. Tallinn's priority has been to sustain high growth rates ...See More - on average 8% per year from 2003 to 2007. Estonia's economy fell into recession in mid-2008 with GDP contracting 14.3% in 2009, as a result of an investment and consumption slump following the bursting of the real estate market bubble and a decrease in export demand as result of economic slowdown in the rest of Europe. Estonia rebounded nearly 8% in 2011 and the Estonian economy now has one of the higher GDP growth rates in Europe. Estonia adopted the euro on 1 January 2011. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$29.57 billion (2012 est.); $28.64 billion (2011 est.); $26.45 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

24.1% of GDP (2012 est.); 26.9% of GDP (2011 est.); 23.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

grain, potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish
Industries

engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications