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Environment
Estoniaâ's environment is particularly burdened by the aftereffects of pollution and environmental degradation from the Soviet era.1 In particular, air pollution and uranium pollution continue to produce negative effects on the countryâ's landscape.2

Show References
1http://www.photius.com/countries/estonia/geography/estonia_geography_environmental_issues.html
2 Ibid
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Estonia News

CoinTelegraph 
A cryptography security flaw, present in 750,000 Estonian e-Residency cards and elsewhere, has a five-year history, researchers say. Since news broke earlier this year that the code library by Infineon, the company responsible for dishing out multiple ... See more..
Estonian World (press release) (blog) 
For many years, Estonia has had the largest gender pay gap in the European Union. On average, women in Estonia earn just 73 per cent of what men make working in the same position. And despite the fact that this issue is brought up again and again, very ... See more..
San Francisco Chronicle 
Center narrowly maintained majority at the Tallinn city council, meaning it will keep the coveted mayor's post it has held in Estonia's capital continuously since 2005. Center leads a three-party coalition government and is particularly popular with ... See more..
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Inverse 
Kaspar Korjus has big plans for Estonia's future. He's the managing director of the country's e-Residency initiative, a futuristic idea that made headlines in 2014 for allowing anyone in the world to become a virtual resident and start a company. Now ... See more..
EJ Insight (blog) 
In fact, nowadays, the idea of “virtualized countries” is no longer beyond the realm of possibility. And one European country is already working aggressively to ... See more..
Ars Technica 
Factorization weakness lets attackers impersonate key holders and decrypt their data. See more..
The Borneo Post 
State Secretary Tan Sri Datuk Amar Mohamad Morshidi Abdul Ghani said this in his opening remarks during a sharing session on 'E-government in Estonia' and also 'Clinic on Digital Economy' at Wisma Bapa Malaysia yesterday. The guest speaker was ... See more..
Emerging Europe (blog) 
Switzerland, Singapore and the United States once again occupy the podium places in the World Economic Forum's (WEF) Global Competitiveness Index. A number of CEE countries rank in the top 50, the highest of which is Estonia (29th), followed by the ... See more..
Novinite.com 
Estonia, which is currently chairing the EU Council, has announced its support for Bulgaria's accession to the Schengen area and appreciates the efforts of the country to protect the EU's external borders, reports Mediapool. This was stated by the ... See more..
Seattle Times 
COPENHAGEN, Denmark (AP) — A former Estonia prime minister has said he will step down as deputy speaker of the Baltic country's parliament after a scandal ... See more..
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Geography

Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia
Area

Total 45,228 sq km
Land 42,388 sq km
Water 2,840 sq km

***NOTE*** includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
Climate

maritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers
Natural Resources

oil shale, peat, rare earth elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud ;
Natural Hazards

sometimes flooding occurs in the spring
Current Environmental Issues

air polluted with sulfur dioxide from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; however, the amount of pollutants emitted to the air have fallen steadily, the emissions of 2000 were 80% less than in 1980; the amount of unpurified wastewater discharged to water bodies in 2000 was 1/20 the level of 1980; in connection with the start-up of new water purification plants, the pollution load of wastewater decreased; Estonia has more than 1,400 natural and manmade lakes, the smaller of which in agricultural areas need to be monitored; coastal seawater is polluted in certain locations

Demographics

Nationality
Estonian
Population
1,266,375 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Estonia, a member of the European Union and the eurozone since 2004, has a modern market-based economy and one of the higher per capita income levels in Central Europe and the Baltic region. Estonia's successive governments have pursued a free market, pro-business economic agenda and have wavered little in their commitment to pro-market reforms. The current government has followed sound fiscal policies that have resulted in balanced budgets and low public debt. The economy benefits from strong electronics and telecommunications sectors and strong trade ties with Finland, Sweden, Russia, and Germany. Tallinn's priority has been to sustain high growth rates ...See More - on average 8% per year from 2003 to 2007. Estonia's economy fell into recession in mid-2008 with GDP contracting 14.3% in 2009, as a result of an investment and consumption slump following the bursting of the real estate market bubble and a decrease in export demand as result of economic slowdown in the rest of Europe. Estonia rebounded nearly 8% in 2011 and the Estonian economy now has one of the higher GDP growth rates in Europe. Estonia adopted the euro on 1 January 2011. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$29.57 billion (2012 est.); $28.64 billion (2011 est.); $26.45 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

24.1% of GDP (2012 est.); 26.9% of GDP (2011 est.); 23.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

grain, potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish
Industries

engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications