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Health
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Environment
Estoniaâ's environment is particularly burdened by the aftereffects of pollution and environmental degradation from the Soviet era.1 In particular, air pollution and uranium pollution continue to produce negative effects on the countryâ's landscape.2

Show References
1http://www.photius.com/countries/estonia/geography/estonia_geography_environmental_issues.html
2 Ibid
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Estonia News

Estonian World (press release) (blog) 
The fate of Estonia was still on peril – Soviet tanks were rolling through the countryside to quell the independence movement and Soviet paratroopers were taking charge of the Tallinn TV tower, preparing to cut off communication channels. Luckily for ... See more..
HuffPost 
Estonia is a country that many travelers never think to visit. In fact, some travelers aren't even sure where the country is located. Nesstled between Scandinavia, Europe and Russia, Estonia is a beautiful country with incredible food and a culture of ... See more..
IRONMAN 
The inaugural IRONMAN Tallinn will take place on August 4, 2018. General registration opens August 28, 2017. See more..
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YLE News 
In the first six months of this year - and for the first time ever - Finnish ferry passengers made more trips to Estonia than Sweden. Transport Agency statistics show that in the six months to June Estonia accounted for 48.1 percent of passenger ferry ... See more..
Quartz 
In 1991, Estonia was part of the dying communist empire. Its economy was run by central planners in Moscow, less than half of all households had a phone line, and goods were so scarce that people had to line up for food. Skip ahead 26 years, and ... See more..
Emerging Europe (registration) 
Estonia has the world's most advanced nationwide public key infrastructure – an electronic identity (e-ID) system. Today all residents have ID-cards, as it is required by the law. The ID-card is the primary means for establishing proof of identity for ... See more..
Palestine Herald Press 
Willis Foley, who graduated from Sam Houston State University earlier this year with a degree in geography, was offered a scholarship to attend the University of Tartu in Estonia, which is in the Baltic region. Foley will pursue his master's in ... See more..
ERR News 
"We have the technology, we have the material to build the plant, but legislation does not allow for it yet," Madis Olm, Estonian representative of Varmlandsmetanol AB, told BNS. "As the plant would cost €350 million, nobody will invest in anything ... See more..
IHS Jane's 360 
The Estonian armed forces have ordered BT46 training systems from Saab for the nation's army for delivery in 2018, the Swedish company announced on 16 ... See more..
Baltic Times 
TALLINN – In the provision of humanitarian aid, Estonia focuses on Ukraine and Syria, Estonian Foreign Minister Sven Mikser said in remarks issued on the occasion of the World Humanitarian Day on Saturday. Mikser highlighted the importance of ... See more..
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Geography

Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia
Area

Total 45,228 sq km
Land 42,388 sq km
Water 2,840 sq km

***NOTE*** includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
Climate

maritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers
Natural Resources

oil shale, peat, rare earth elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud ;
Natural Hazards

sometimes flooding occurs in the spring
Current Environmental Issues

air polluted with sulfur dioxide from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; however, the amount of pollutants emitted to the air have fallen steadily, the emissions of 2000 were 80% less than in 1980; the amount of unpurified wastewater discharged to water bodies in 2000 was 1/20 the level of 1980; in connection with the start-up of new water purification plants, the pollution load of wastewater decreased; Estonia has more than 1,400 natural and manmade lakes, the smaller of which in agricultural areas need to be monitored; coastal seawater is polluted in certain locations

Demographics

Nationality
Estonian
Population
1,266,375 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Estonia, a member of the European Union and the eurozone since 2004, has a modern market-based economy and one of the higher per capita income levels in Central Europe and the Baltic region. Estonia's successive governments have pursued a free market, pro-business economic agenda and have wavered little in their commitment to pro-market reforms. The current government has followed sound fiscal policies that have resulted in balanced budgets and low public debt. The economy benefits from strong electronics and telecommunications sectors and strong trade ties with Finland, Sweden, Russia, and Germany. Tallinn's priority has been to sustain high growth rates ...See More - on average 8% per year from 2003 to 2007. Estonia's economy fell into recession in mid-2008 with GDP contracting 14.3% in 2009, as a result of an investment and consumption slump following the bursting of the real estate market bubble and a decrease in export demand as result of economic slowdown in the rest of Europe. Estonia rebounded nearly 8% in 2011 and the Estonian economy now has one of the higher GDP growth rates in Europe. Estonia adopted the euro on 1 January 2011. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$29.57 billion (2012 est.); $28.64 billion (2011 est.); $26.45 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

24.1% of GDP (2012 est.); 26.9% of GDP (2011 est.); 23.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

grain, potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish
Industries

engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications