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Health
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Environment
Estoniaâ's environment is particularly burdened by the aftereffects of pollution and environmental degradation from the Soviet era.1 In particular, air pollution and uranium pollution continue to produce negative effects on the countryâ's landscape.2

Show References
1http://www.photius.com/countries/estonia/geography/estonia_geography_environmental_issues.html
2 Ibid
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Estonia News

Fortune 
In Estonia virtually every process is digitized—and the startup scene is thriving. What can the world's largest economies learn from one of its smallest? See more..
Reuters 
Defence Minister Margus Tsahkna said Estonia and other NATO governments had intelligence suggesting Moscow may leave Russian soldiers in Belarus once the so-called Zapad 2017 exercises are over, also pointing to public data of Russian railway traffic ... See more..
Estonian World (press release) (blog) 
About six months ago, American Alex Wellman packed his bags and moved to Estonia. Here is what he has learned so far. See more..
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Fortune 
The capital of Estonia is Tallinn, a picturesque city of 400,000 whose winding medieval alleyways offer an elegant contrast to its digital present. Photograph by Piotr Malecki—Panos Pictures for Fortune ... See more..
The Drive 
The U.S. Air Force's F-35A Joint Strike Fighter has made its first trip to Estonia. Though small, the deployment is an important statement to Russia, America's ... See more..
Estonian World (press release) (blog) 
Estonia is ranked 12th in this year's Press Freedom Index by Reporters Without Borders, a global organisation that promotes free media. Compared with 2016, Estonia has improved its ranking by two positions. However, Reporters Without Borders says it's ... See more..
Newsweek 
Estonia's defense minister has praised the arrival of the U.S.'s latest and most advanced fighter jets in Europe, calling the visit a demonstration of Washington's commitment to NATO and defending his nation against perceived Russian military aggression. See more..
NATO HQ (press release) 
Locked Shields 2017, the largest and most advanced cyber defence exercise in the world, is taking place this week. It is organized by the NATO Cooperative ... See more..
IHS Jane's 360 
The US Air Force (USAF) deployed its Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) to Estonia for training purposes, the service confirmed on 25 April. One of the eight US Air Force F-35As to make the type's first operational deployment ... See more..
NATO HQ (press release) 
The exercise takes place in cooperation with the Estonian Defence Forces, the British Army, the United States European Command, the Finnish Defence Forces, the Swedish Defence University, and Tallinn University of Technology. Industry partners are also ... See more..
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Geography

Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia
Area

Total 45,228 sq km
Land 42,388 sq km
Water 2,840 sq km

***NOTE*** includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
Climate

maritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers
Natural Resources

oil shale, peat, rare earth elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud ;
Natural Hazards

sometimes flooding occurs in the spring
Current Environmental Issues

air polluted with sulfur dioxide from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; however, the amount of pollutants emitted to the air have fallen steadily, the emissions of 2000 were 80% less than in 1980; the amount of unpurified wastewater discharged to water bodies in 2000 was 1/20 the level of 1980; in connection with the start-up of new water purification plants, the pollution load of wastewater decreased; Estonia has more than 1,400 natural and manmade lakes, the smaller of which in agricultural areas need to be monitored; coastal seawater is polluted in certain locations

Demographics

Nationality
Estonian
Population
1,266,375 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Estonia, a member of the European Union and the eurozone since 2004, has a modern market-based economy and one of the higher per capita income levels in Central Europe and the Baltic region. Estonia's successive governments have pursued a free market, pro-business economic agenda and have wavered little in their commitment to pro-market reforms. The current government has followed sound fiscal policies that have resulted in balanced budgets and low public debt. The economy benefits from strong electronics and telecommunications sectors and strong trade ties with Finland, Sweden, Russia, and Germany. Tallinn's priority has been to sustain high growth rates ...See More - on average 8% per year from 2003 to 2007. Estonia's economy fell into recession in mid-2008 with GDP contracting 14.3% in 2009, as a result of an investment and consumption slump following the bursting of the real estate market bubble and a decrease in export demand as result of economic slowdown in the rest of Europe. Estonia rebounded nearly 8% in 2011 and the Estonian economy now has one of the higher GDP growth rates in Europe. Estonia adopted the euro on 1 January 2011. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$29.57 billion (2012 est.); $28.64 billion (2011 est.); $26.45 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

24.1% of GDP (2012 est.); 26.9% of GDP (2011 est.); 23.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

grain, potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish
Industries

engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications