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Iceland

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Organizations in Iceland View all

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Human Rights
Modeled on Vietnam Vets Against the War, LEAP brings unquestionable credibility and first hand experience to its critique of our drug policies to wide audiences. Find out why Michelle Alexander, author of The New Jim Crow said, "Law Enforcement Against Prohibition is a singular organization whose credibility and experience provide ...See More one of the strongest voices against the War on Drugs anywhere in the world." Show Less

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Health
Both at home and abroad, Trauma Recovery, EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Programs (Trauma Recovery/HAP), focuses its efforts on building the capacity of under-served communities to secure effective trauma treatment through proper training and developing our Trauma Recovery Network (TRN) in communities throughout the country.

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Argentina , Australia , Azerbaijan , Belarus , Botswana , Brazil , Burkina Faso , Cameroon , Canada , Chile ...See More Countries , China , Colombia , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Costa Rica , Croatia , Cuba , Ecuador , Egypt , El Salvador , Ethiopia , Finland , France , Germany , Greece , Guatemala , Honduras , Iceland , India , Indonesia , Italy , Japan , Jordan , Kazakhstan , Madagascar , Malaysia , Mali , Mauritania , Mexico , Mongolia , Morocco , Mozambique , Netherlands , Nicaragua , Niger , Nigeria , Norway , Oman , Panama , Peru , Philippines , Poland , Republic of Chad , Romania , Russia , Saudi Arabia , South Africa , Spain , Sudan , Sweden , Taiwan , Tanzania , Thailand , The Republic of South Sudan , Turkey , UK , Ukraine , United States of America , Uruguay , Uzbekistan , Venezuela , Yemen , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
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Religion
Moms in Prayer International is a worldwide ministry devoted to covering every child and every school in prayer. Started in 1984 in Abbotsford, British Columbia, we are now headquartered in beautiful Poway, California and have prayer groups in over 140 countries. Moms in Prayer exists because one mom felt a ...See More burden to pray for her children with another mom… and we have grown into a global movement of prayer. Show Less
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Causes We Support

Environment
Human Rights
Education
Poverty
Religion
Clean Water
Economy
Government
Health
Children/Youth
Family
Animals
Environment
Iceland is party to the Kyoto Protocol and other UN-backed consortiums on climate change and environmental sustainability.1 The country also has a long-term vision for reducing the amount of greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2050.2

Show References
1 http://eng.umhverfisraduneyti.is/media/PDF_skrar/Stefnumorkun_i_loftslagsmalum_enlokagerd.pdf
2 Ibid
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Iceland News

Quartz 
Recently, a CBS news crew traveled to Iceland, producing a report titled “Inside the country where Down syndrome is disappearing.” As much as it sounds like it, ... See more..
Iceland Monitor 
The American Battle Monument Commission has sought permission to build a monument to World War II in Reykjavik. See more..
Iceland Monitor 
... of money for the birds. It is believed that about eighty stuffed great auks exist today. One of them is owned by the Icelandic Museum of Natural History. The bird was bought in London in the year 1971 following a national effort to raise funds for ... See more..
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CBS News 
With the rise of prenatal screening tests across Europe and the United States, the number of babies born with Down syndrome has significantly decreased, but few countries have come as close to eradicating Down syndrome births as Iceland. Since prenatal ... See more..
Catholic Herald Online 
'Iceland isn't actually eliminating Down syndrome. They're just killing everybody that has it.' In Iceland, nearly all pregnancies where Down's syndrome is identified in prenatal testing are aborted. An article by American news agency CBS states that ... See more..
Channel3000.com - WISC-TV3 
MADISON, Wis. - A report on the disappearance of Down syndrome in Iceland is getting some local backlash. Barely anyone born past 2000 in the country has Down syndrome, but the eradication isn't the result of a breakthrough medical treatment but ... See more..
Telegraph.co.uk 
It said that it was pursuing the case in the courts because the supermarket had stopped Icelandic companies from using the word "Iceland" to describe themselves, and that it had "aggressively pursued and won multiple cases" against Icelandic companies ... See more..
Washington Examiner 
In 1919, a popular female public figure stated that she believed in sterilizing the "growing stream of the unfit" so that they ceased to produce and the world would ... See more..
BBC News 
Opening of warehouse store in Icelandic capital sees workers laid off from country's only toilet paper manufacturer. See more..
Iceland Monitor 
“Defecating in the open air, stealing road signs and even stealing a young lamb to be cooked on a barbecue are just some of the actions of tourists that have angered locals in Iceland,” the author writes. “Tourism here has boomed since the 2008 ... See more..
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Geography

Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the United Kingdom
Area

Total 103,000 sq km
Land 100,250 sq km
Water 2,750 sq km

Climate

temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
Natural Resources

fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite ;
Natural Hazards

earthquakes and volcanic activity

volcanism: Iceland, situated on top of a hotspot, experiences severe volcanic activity; Eyjafjallajokull (elev. 1,666 m) erupted in 2010, sending ash high into the atmosphere and seriously disrupting European air traffic; scientists continue to monitor nearby Katla (elev. 1,512 m), which has a high probability of eruption in the very near future, potentially disrupting air traffic; Grimsvoetn and Hekla are Iceland's most active volcanoes; other historically active volcanoes include Askja, Bardarbunga, Brennisteinsfjoll, Esjufjoll, Hengill, Krafla, Krisuvik, Kverkfjoll, Oraefajokull, Reykjanes, Torfajokull, and Vestmannaeyjar Iceland, situated on top of a hotspot, experiences severe volcanic activity; Eyjafjallajokull (elev. 1,666 m) erupted in 2010, sending ash high into the atmosphere and seriously disrupting European air traffic; scientists continue to monitor nearby Katla (elev. 1,512 m), which has a high probability of eruption in the very near future, potentially disrupting air traffic; Grimsvoetn and Hekla are Iceland's most active volcanoes; other historically active volcanoes include Askja, Bardarbunga, Brennisteinsfjoll, Esjufjoll, Hengill, Krafla, Krisuvik, Kverkfjoll, Oraefajokull, Reykjanes, Torfajokull, and Vestmannaeyjar
Current Environmental Issues

water pollution from fertilizer runoff; inadequate wastewater treatment

Demographics

Nationality
Icelandic
Population
315,281 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Iceland's Scandinavian-type social-market economy combines a capitalist structure and free-market principles with an extensive welfare system. Prior to the 2008 crisis, Iceland had achieved high growth, low unemployment, and a remarkably even distribution of income. The economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides 40% of export earnings, more than 12% of GDP, and employs nearly 5% of the work force. It remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to fluctuations in world prices for its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. Iceland's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries in the ...See More last decade, particularly within the fields of software production, biotechnology, and tourism. Abundant geothermal and hydropower sources have attracted substantial foreign investment in the aluminum sector, boosted economic growth, and sparked some interest from high-tech firms looking to establish data centers using cheap green energy, although the financial crisis has put several investment projects on hold. Much of Iceland's economic growth in recent years came as the result of a boom in domestic demand following the rapid expansion of the country's financial sector. Domestic banks expanded aggressively in foreign markets, and consumers and businesses borrowed heavily in foreign currencies, following the privatization of the banking sector in the early 2000s. Worsening global financial conditions throughout 2008 resulted in a sharp depreciation of the krona vis-a-vis other major currencies. The foreign exposure of Icelandic banks, whose loans and other assets totaled more than 10 times the country's GDP, became unsustainable. Iceland's three largest banks collapsed in late 2008. The country secured over $10 billion in loans from the IMF and other countries to stabilize its currency and financial sector, and to back government guarantees for foreign deposits in Icelandic banks. GDP fell 6.8% in 2009, and unemployment peaked at 9.4% in February 2009. GDP rose 2.7% in 2012 and unemployment declined to 5.6%. Since the collapse of Iceland's financial sector, government economic priorities have included: stabilizing the krona, implementing capital controls, reducing Iceland's high budget deficit, containing inflation, addressing high household debt, restructuring the financial sector, and diversifying the economy. Three new banks were established to take over the domestic assets of the collapsed banks. Two of them have foreign majority ownership, while the State holds a majority of the shares of the third. Iceland began making payments to the UK, the Netherlands, and other claimants in late 2011 following Iceland's Supreme Court ruling that upheld 2008 emergency legislation that gives priority to depositors for compensation from failed Icelandic banks. Iceland owes British and Dutch authorities approximately $5.5 billion for compensating British and Dutch citizens who lost deposits in Icesave when parent bank Landsbanki failed in 2008. Iceland began accession negotiations with the EU in July 2010; however, public support has dropped substantially because of concern about losing control over fishing resources and in reaction to worries over the ongoing Eurozone crisis. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$13.04 billion (2012 est.); $12.83 billion (2011 est.); $12.47 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

9.7% of GDP (2012 est.); 8.2% of GDP (2011 est.); 4.4% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

potatoes, green vegetables; mutton, chicken, pork, beef, dairy products; fish
Industries

fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, hydropower, tourism