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Kiribati

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Kiribatiâ's government has developed the Kiribati Adaptation Program that seeks to reduce the overall vulnerability and adverse effects of climate change on the small island nation.1 The major areas of focus include the water infrastructures, managing potential inundation, and strengthening laws regarding coastal erosion.2 In Kiribati, many villages have had to relocate due to erosion, saltwater inundation, and rising sea levels.3

Show References
1http://www.climate.gov.ki/category/action/adaptation/kiribati-adaptation-program/
2 Ibid
3http://www.sprep.org/climate-change/kiribati-negotiates-for-survival-at-un-climate-change-talks
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Geography

Oceania, group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the Equator; the capital Tarawa is about half way between Hawaii and Australia
Area

Total 811 sq km
Land 811 sq km
Water 0 sq km

***NOTE*** includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands
Climate

tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds
Natural Resources

phosphate (production discontinued in 1979) ;
Natural Hazards

typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes; low level of some of the islands make them sensitive to changes in sea level
Current Environmental Issues

heavy pollution in lagoon of south Tarawa atoll due to heavy migration mixed with traditional practices such as lagoon latrines and open-pit dumping; ground water at risk

Demographics

Nationality
I-Kiribati
Population
103,248 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
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Finances

A remote country of 33 scattered coral atolls, Kiribati has few natural resources and is one of the least developed Pacific Islands. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence from the UK in 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely in recent years. Economic development is constrained by a shortage of skilled workers, weak infrastructure, and remoteness from international markets. Tourism provides more than one-fifth of GDP. Private sector initiatives and a financial sector are in the early stages of development. Foreign financial aid from the ...See More EU, UK, US, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, UN agencies, and Taiwan accounts for 20-25% of GDP. Remittances from seamen on merchant ships abroad account for more than $5 million each year. Kiribati receives around $15 million annually for the government budget from an Australian trust fund. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$636.3 million (2012 est.); $620.8 million (2011 est.); $608.6 million (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

copra, taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; fish
Industries

fishing, handicrafts