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Mauritania

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Organizations in Mauritania View all

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Human Rights
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Health
Hesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that supports individuals and communities in their struggles to realize the right to health. We develop easy to read materials that are produced in many languages. All are available through our bookstore and for free online on our ...See More HealthWiki. Show Less

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Religion
Moms in Prayer International is a worldwide ministry devoted to covering every child and every school in prayer. Started in 1984 in Abbotsford, British Columbia, we are now headquartered in beautiful Poway, California and have prayer groups in over 140 countries. Moms in Prayer exists because one mom felt a ...See More burden to pray for her children with another mom… and we have grown into a global movement of prayer. Show Less

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Religion, Poverty
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Instagram #mauritanie

Causes We Support

Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
Poverty
Religion
Clean Water
Economy
Health
Children/Youth
Government
Animals
Environment
Mauritania is very susceptible to natural disasters, particularly the flooding which occurs during the countryâ's annual rainy season.1 The urban centers are wholly unprepared to take on a sudden rise in population during rainy seasons.2 Since nearly half of the population relies on agriculture to support themselves, the effects of predicted climate change on the economy could be devastating if the government fails to adequately support mitigation methods.3 Twenty years of drought have also contributed to the desertification of much of Mauritaniaâ's land, severely limiting the agricultural productivity of the country.4

Show References
1 http://www.gcca.eu/national-programmes/africa/gcca-mauritania
2-3 Ibid
4 http://www.who.int/features/2013/mauritania_environmental_health/en/
Hide References

Mauritania News

Anadolu Agency 
Prominent former senator and senior opposition figure Mohamed Ould Ghada, who was arrested last week, will face a corruption probe, the Public Prosecutor's ... See more..
Washington Post 
On Sunday, eligible citizens of the North African state of Mauritania went to vote on a referendum on two constitutional amendments. One was pretty straightforward: The nation's green flag with a yellow crescent moon and star would have two red stripes ... See more..
BBC News 
Mauritanians have voted to abolish the upper house of their parliament, the Senate, in a controversial referendum that was boycotted by the opposition. The result is seen as a victory for President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, who is accused by his rivals ... See more..
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News24 
Nouakchott - A Mauritanian senator who led a group of lawmakers in protest against a referendum aimed at abolishing their chamber was arrested on Friday, his family and police sources told AFP. President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz had called the August 5 ... See more..
Aljazeera.com 
READ MORE: Mauritania jails 13 anti-slavery activists. The boycott movement draws broad political support from figures as diverse as religious conservatives and anti-slavery activists. They have held several protests attracting thousands of supporters ... See more..
Reliefweb 
In Mauritania, the 2016/2017 rain season was characterized by more than 58% of the rainfall stations which recorded a cumulative rainfall deficit compared to last year. Rainfall deficits exceeding 100 mm have been recorded in several Wilayas in the ... See more..
ReliefWeb 
Mauritania hosts over 2,000 urban refugees and asylum seekers and almost 52,000 Malian refugees in Mbera, a camp established in 2012, in the arid south-east region close to the Malian border. Despite the conclusion of a peace agreement in 2015, ... See more..
UN News Centre 
The United Nations human rights office today expressed concern about the ongoing unrest in Mauritania, ahead of the constitutional referendum scheduled for ... See more..
SaharaReporters.com 
The voters also decided to alter their national flag, the electoral commission announced on Sunday, in a clear victory for President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz ... See more..
FIFA.com 
Mauritania have made a dizzying leap up the FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking, climbing all the way to 81st spot in July. The African side rose no fewer than 23 places in the space of a month, surging up from 104th to sail clear of the likes of Norway ... See more..
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Geography

Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara
Area

Total 1,030,700 sq km
Land 1,030,700 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
Natural Resources

iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish ;
Natural Hazards

hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

overgrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; limited natural freshwater resources away from the Senegal, which is the only perennial river; locust infestation

Demographics

Nationality
Mauritanian
Population
3,437,610 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Half the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, even though many of the nomads and subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s. Mauritania has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account for nearly 40% of total exports. The nation's coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas in the world but overexploitation by foreigners threatens this key source of revenue. The country's first deepwater port opened near Nouakchott in 1986. Before 2000, drought and economic mismanagement resulted in a buildup of foreign debt. In February 2000, Mauritania qualified ...See More for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative and nearly all of its foreign debt has since been forgiven. A new investment code approved in December 2001 improved the opportunities for direct foreign investment. Mauritania and the IMF agreed to a three-year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) arrangement in 2006. Mauritania made satisfactory progress, but the IMF, World Bank, and other international actors suspended assistance and investment in Mauritania after the August 2008 coup. Since the presidential election in July 2009, donors have resumed assistance. Oil prospects, while initially promising, have largely failed to materialize, and the government has placed a priority on attracting private investment to spur economic growth. The government also emphasizes reduction of poverty, improvement of health and education, and privatization of the economy. Economic growth remained around 5% in 2010-12, mostly because of rising prices of gold, copper, iron ore, and oil. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$7.824 billion (2012 est.); $7.356 billion (2011 est.); $7.082 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

17.1% of GDP (2012 est.); 17.5% of GDP (2011 est.); 15.4% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn; cattle, sheep
Industries

fish processing, oil production, mining (iron ore, gold, and copper)