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Mauritania

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Organizations in Mauritania View all

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Human Rights
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Health
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Religion
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Afghanistan , Algeria , Bangladesh , Benin , Bhutan , Burkina Faso , Cambodia , Central African Republic , China , Cote d'Ivoire ...See More Countries , Egypt , Eritrea , Ethiopia , Ghana , Guinea , Guinea-Bissau , India , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Israel , Japan , Jordan , Kuwait , Laos , Lebanon , Liberia , Libya , Maldives , Mali , Mauritania , Morocco , Myanmar , Nepal , Niger , Nigeria , North Korea , Oman , Pakistan , Palestine , Philippines , Qatar , Republic of Chad , SaudiArabia , Senegal , Sierra Leone , Somalia , South Korea , Sri Lanka , Sudan , Syria , Taiwan , Tajikistan , Thailand , Togo , Tunisia , Turkey , Turkmenistan , UAE , UK , Uzbekistan , Vietnam , Western Sahara , Yemen Show Less Countries
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Religion, Poverty
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Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
Poverty
Religion
Clean Water
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Health
Children/Youth
Government
Animals
Environment
Mauritania is very susceptible to natural disasters, particularly the flooding which occurs during the countryâ's annual rainy season.1 The urban centers are wholly unprepared to take on a sudden rise in population during rainy seasons.2 Since nearly half of the population relies on agriculture to support themselves, the effects of predicted climate change on the economy could be devastating if the government fails to adequately support mitigation methods.3 Twenty years of drought have also contributed to the desertification of much of Mauritaniaâ's land, severely limiting the agricultural productivity of the country.4

Show References
1 http://www.gcca.eu/national-programmes/africa/gcca-mauritania
2-3 Ibid
4 http://www.who.int/features/2013/mauritania_environmental_health/en/
Hide References

Mauritania News

UNHCR 
Fatimetou is the only woman among this year's 18 recipients of DAFI scholarships at Nouakchott University, which enable young refugees to enrol in higher ... See more..
CNN International 
He's the grandson of a slave and he's founded a mass anti-slavery movement, been jailed three times, and run for president of his home nation, Mauritania. See more..
Reliefweb 
Influxes of Malian refugees to Mbera camp continue at a steady stream. In the past 9 months, over 5,900 people crossed the border from Mali; this is the largest influx of Malian refugees observed into Mauritania since 2013. In May, due to funding ... See more..
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Anadolu Agency 
The proposed constitutional changes were already rejected by Mauritania's parliament when they were put to a March assembly vote -- an outcome that prompted President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz to have them put before a popular referendum. “The crisis ... See more..
Reuters 
PARIS, June 21 Mauritania Airlines has ordered one Boeing 737 MAX 8 airliner, the companies said at the Paris Airshow. The order, valued at around $112 million at list price, had been previously attributed to an unidentified customer on Boeing's ... See more..
The Edge Markets MY 
KUALA LUMPUR: Barakah Offshore Petroleum Bhd has bagged a US$14.28 million (RM61.12 million) contract from Samling Resources Sdn Bhd to supply a ... See more..
RFI 
With her mix of folk, funk rock and electrified desert blues, Noura Mint Seymali has done more than anyone to bring her country's traditional music to new audiences. Her strong voice and mastery of the ardine harp - unique to Mauritania and played only ... See more..
Reuters 
NOUAKCHOTT The West African country of Mauritania, a member of the Arab League, severed ties with Qatar on Tuesday over allegations it "supports terrorists", the state news agency reported, and OPEC member Gabon also condemned the small Gulf Arab ... See more..
CNN International 
"Many children, women and men [in Mauritania] are born slaves," Abied states through a translator at the offices of Anti-Slavery International, a London based non-profit that shares his abolitionist goals and has worked on slavery in Mauritania for ... See more..
OE Digital 
The deepwater Chinguetti field is about 80km west of the coastline and approximately 90km from the Mauritanian capital, Nouakchott, Mauritania. The project involves temporary plugging of 15 wells. The contract is for the provision of well intervention ... See more..
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Geography

Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara
Area

Total 1,030,700 sq km
Land 1,030,700 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
Natural Resources

iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish ;
Natural Hazards

hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

overgrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; limited natural freshwater resources away from the Senegal, which is the only perennial river; locust infestation

Demographics

Nationality
Mauritanian
Population
3,437,610 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Half the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, even though many of the nomads and subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s. Mauritania has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account for nearly 40% of total exports. The nation's coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas in the world but overexploitation by foreigners threatens this key source of revenue. The country's first deepwater port opened near Nouakchott in 1986. Before 2000, drought and economic mismanagement resulted in a buildup of foreign debt. In February 2000, Mauritania qualified ...See More for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative and nearly all of its foreign debt has since been forgiven. A new investment code approved in December 2001 improved the opportunities for direct foreign investment. Mauritania and the IMF agreed to a three-year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) arrangement in 2006. Mauritania made satisfactory progress, but the IMF, World Bank, and other international actors suspended assistance and investment in Mauritania after the August 2008 coup. Since the presidential election in July 2009, donors have resumed assistance. Oil prospects, while initially promising, have largely failed to materialize, and the government has placed a priority on attracting private investment to spur economic growth. The government also emphasizes reduction of poverty, improvement of health and education, and privatization of the economy. Economic growth remained around 5% in 2010-12, mostly because of rising prices of gold, copper, iron ore, and oil. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$7.824 billion (2012 est.); $7.356 billion (2011 est.); $7.082 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

17.1% of GDP (2012 est.); 17.5% of GDP (2011 est.); 15.4% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn; cattle, sheep
Industries

fish processing, oil production, mining (iron ore, gold, and copper)