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Mauritania

Map
Organizations in Mauritania View all

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Human Rights
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Health
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Religion
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Afghanistan , Algeria , Bangladesh , Benin , Bhutan , Burkina Faso , Cambodia , Central African Republic , China , Cote d'Ivoire ...See More Countries , Egypt , Eritrea , Ethiopia , Ghana , Guinea , Guinea-Bissau , India , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Israel , Japan , Jordan , Kuwait , Laos , Lebanon , Liberia , Libya , Maldives , Mali , Mauritania , Morocco , Myanmar , Nepal , Niger , Nigeria , North Korea , Oman , Pakistan , Palestine , Philippines , Qatar , Republic of Chad , SaudiArabia , Senegal , Sierra Leone , Somalia , South Korea , Sri Lanka , Sudan , Syria , Taiwan , Tajikistan , Thailand , Togo , Tunisia , Turkey , Turkmenistan , UAE , UK , Uzbekistan , Vietnam , Western Sahara , Yemen Show Less Countries
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Religion, Poverty
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Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
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Religion
Clean Water
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Health
Children/Youth
Environment
Mauritania is very susceptible to natural disasters, particularly the flooding which occurs during the countryâ's annual rainy season.1 The urban centers are wholly unprepared to take on a sudden rise in population during rainy seasons.2 Since nearly half of the population relies on agriculture to support themselves, the effects of predicted climate change on the economy could be devastating if the government fails to adequately support mitigation methods.3 Twenty years of drought have also contributed to the desertification of much of Mauritaniaâ's land, severely limiting the agricultural productivity of the country.4

Show References
1 http://www.gcca.eu/national-programmes/africa/gcca-mauritania
2-3 Ibid
4 http://www.who.int/features/2013/mauritania_environmental_health/en/
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Mauritania News

TheFishSite.com 
A fishery improvement project (FIP) for small pelagic fisheries in the West African nation of Mauritania has been launched by the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP) this week. A number of international fishing sector stakeholders, fishmeal and ... See more..
The Laconia Daily Sun 
MAURITANIA — U.S. Army Brig. Gen. Donald C. Bolduc, commander of Special Operations Command Africa and Laconia, New Hampshire, native, received the Ordre du Merite National on behalf of Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, president of Mauritania, during ... See more..
Offshore Oil and Gas Magazine 
Production is stored on the FPSO Berge Helene. During 1Q, one cargo was lifted totaling 41,950 bbl net to Sterling. The partners continue discussions with Mauritania's government on how best to manage current operations in the run-up to decommissioning ... See more..
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Al-Arabiya 
Nouakchott - In the heart of the Mauritanian capital Nouakchott a street is filled with sorcerers and fortune tellers who make a living by claiming they can heal the sick, chase away bad luck and bring good fortune. Dubbed the “collective clinic street ... See more..
Mining Journal (subscription) 
Montreal-headquartered junior Algold Resources (CNV: ALG) is not alone among its peers in seeing its shares drift off course in the past month or so, though more drill results like the latest from the Eleanore South Zone at Tijirit in Mauritania should ... See more..
France Diplomatie (press release) 
These meetings will provide an opportunity to take stock of our bilateral relations and of regional issues, in which Mauritania plays an important role. The minister will also meet French business leaders and representatives of Mauritanian civil ... See more..
Seeker 
Mauritania contains one of the longest and and most dangerous train rides in the world. Used to transport iron ore from central Mauritania to the coast, the 437-mile journey is free for those who are willing to brave the hot desert winds and piercing ... See more..
Reliefweb 
WFP Mauritania is working on an interim country strategic plan aligned with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the government's priorities. The plan builds on WFP key strengths and capacities in humanitarian response and recovery and will ... See more..
The Peninsula Qatar 
Sheikh Hamad bin Nasser bin Jassem Al Thani expressed his deep thanks to the President of Mauritania for his government's cooperation with charities and charitable organisations and facilitating their tasks to reach the largest number of beneficiaries ... See more..
Africa Intelligence (subscription) 
President Francois Hollande invited his Mauritanian counterpart, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, to the Elysee palace in April 12 to renew contact with a country quietly irritated by France in the region. The following is a report on efforts to defuse tension ... See more..
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Geography

Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara
Area

Total 1,030,700 sq km
Land 1,030,700 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
Natural Resources

iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish ;
Natural Hazards

hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

overgrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; limited natural freshwater resources away from the Senegal, which is the only perennial river; locust infestation

Demographics

Nationality
Mauritanian
Population
3,437,610 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Half the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, even though many of the nomads and subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s. Mauritania has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account for nearly 40% of total exports. The nation's coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas in the world but overexploitation by foreigners threatens this key source of revenue. The country's first deepwater port opened near Nouakchott in 1986. Before 2000, drought and economic mismanagement resulted in a buildup of foreign debt. In February 2000, Mauritania qualified ...See More for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative and nearly all of its foreign debt has since been forgiven. A new investment code approved in December 2001 improved the opportunities for direct foreign investment. Mauritania and the IMF agreed to a three-year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) arrangement in 2006. Mauritania made satisfactory progress, but the IMF, World Bank, and other international actors suspended assistance and investment in Mauritania after the August 2008 coup. Since the presidential election in July 2009, donors have resumed assistance. Oil prospects, while initially promising, have largely failed to materialize, and the government has placed a priority on attracting private investment to spur economic growth. The government also emphasizes reduction of poverty, improvement of health and education, and privatization of the economy. Economic growth remained around 5% in 2010-12, mostly because of rising prices of gold, copper, iron ore, and oil. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$7.824 billion (2012 est.); $7.356 billion (2011 est.); $7.082 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

17.1% of GDP (2012 est.); 17.5% of GDP (2011 est.); 15.4% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn; cattle, sheep
Industries

fish processing, oil production, mining (iron ore, gold, and copper)