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Montenegro

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Environment
In 2006, Montenegro became party to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change, as well as to the Kyoto protocol. With the exception of these two steps, the government has not made further attempts to mitigate and plan for the effects of climate change.1 Montenegro has stated that it will align with the European Union in regards to policies and international treaties with environmental consequences.2

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1 http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/montenegro/screening_reports/screening_report_montenegro_ch27.pdf
2 Ibid
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Montenegro News

Washington Post 
PODGORICA, Montenegro — Montenegro's pro-Russia opposition has vowed to freeze the Balkan country's future membership in NATO if it wins the next parliamentary election, saying upcoming approval of the accession treaty is illegal. Opposition ... See more..
bellingcat 
Montenegro coup suspect linked to Russian-backed “ultranationalist” organisation: Russian influence in the Balkans is exerted through media, demonstrations ... See more..
CondÊ Nast Traveler 
In 2009, it received a complete makeover thanks to investments of nearly $480 million, and the new marina Porto Montenegro has taken its place. A Monte Carlo in miniature, it's ever expanding with more luxury retail, restaurants, bars, and berth space ... See more..
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AOL 
Pictures of Dubrovnik's ancient walls, terra-cotta roofs and iridescent waters flood Pintrest and Instagram. All of this attention is starting to bring another hidden gem into the spotlight ... Montenegro. Ever since gaining its independence from ... See more..
SeeNews 
PODGORICA (Montenegro), April 26 (SeeNews) - Media freedom in Montenegro is at the third lowest level in Southeastern Europe (SEE), as indirect censorship weighs on journalists in the country, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) said on Wednesday. See more..
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty 
Maria Zakharova, the Russian Foreign Ministry's spokeswoman, made the dramatic claim last week that Montenegro was responsible for inflaming "anti-Russian hysteria" and for the "unacceptable treatment of Russians, who may expect provocations and ... See more..
BBC News 
A special prosecutor in Montenegro has charged 14 people, including two Russians, with plotting to overthrow the government last October. The Russians, identified as Eduard Shishmakov and Vladimir Popov, are at large. They are suspected of being state ... See more..
Foreign Policy (blog) 
Just one day before President Donald Trump and NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg met in Washington, the North Atlantic alliance came one big step to gaining its first new member in eight years: Montenegro. “The United States will work to further ... See more..
European Western Balkans (press release) 
Brajovic: NATO accession is a historic moment for Montenegro and I have no doubts that this is the right path for our country. Generation of politicians I belong to has assumed the responsibility to achieve three major goals. The first one was achieved ... See more..
Superyachts.com 
One of the world's top superyacht marinas, destinations and villages, Porto Montenegro announced a pilot partnership with the Seabin Project, a revolutionary sea cleaning technology which skims floating rubbish, oils and fuels from the water's surface. See more..
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Geography

Southeastern Europe, between the Adriatic Sea and Serbia
Area

Total 13,812 sq km
Land 13,452 sq km
Water 360 sq km

Climate

Mediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfalls inland
Natural Resources

bauxite, hydroelectricity ;
Natural Hazards

destructive earthquakes
Current Environmental Issues

pollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor

Demographics

Nationality
Montenegrin
Population
653,474 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Montenegro's economy is transitioning to a market system, but the state sector remains large and additional institutional changes are needed. The economy relies heavily on tourism and the export of refined metals. Unprofitable state-owned enterprises weigh on public finances. Montenegro severed its economy from federal control and from Serbia during the MILOSEVIC era and maintained its own central bank, adopted the deutsch mark, then the euro - rather than the Yugoslav dinar - as official currency, collected customs tariffs, and managed its own budget. The dissolution of the loose political union between Serbia and Montenegro in 2006 led to separate ...See More membership in several international financial institutions, such as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. In January 2007, Montenegro joined the World Bank and IMF. Montenegro became the 156th member of World Trade Organization in December 2011. The European Council (EC) granted candidate country status to Montenegro at the December 2010 session. Montenegro began negotiations to join the EC in June, 2012, having met the conditions set down by the European Council, which called on Montenegro to take steps to fight corruption and organized crime. Unemployment and regional disparities in development are key political and economic problems. Montenegro has privatized its large aluminum complex - the dominant industry - as well as most of its financial sector, and has begun to attract foreign direct investment in the tourism sector. The global financial crisis had a significant negative impact on the economy, due to the ongoing credit crunch, a decline in the real estate sector, and a fall in aluminum exports. In 2012, real GDP growth slipped to 0.5%, reflecting the general downturn in most of Europe. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$7.461 billion (2012 est.); $7.458 billion (2011 est.); $7.226 billion (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

tobacco, potatoes, citrus fruits, olives, grapes; sheep
Industries

steelmaking, aluminum, agricultural processing, consumer goods, tourism