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Mozambique

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Bangladesh , Burkina Faso , China , Colombia , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Dominican Republic , Ghana , Honduras , India , Indonesia ...See More Countries , Kenya , Macedonia , Malawi , Mozambique , Nicaragua , Niger , Nigeria , Pakistan , Peru , Philippines , Romania , Rwanda , Serbia , South Africa , Tanzania , Uganda , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
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Children/Youth
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Environment
As one of Africa’s most vulnerable countries to climate change, Mozambique has had to reevaluate its climate change adaptation plans. Due to its location on the southeastern coast of the continent, the country experiences droughts, floods, and cyclones. Around 60% of Mozambicans live in the coastal region, which means that a majority of the population is affected by climate changes. Climate change also negatively impacts agricultural outputs, which the citizens rely heavily on for their employment and food sources.1 Erosion is currently damaging the coastline of Mozambique, and could reduce the coastline by 500m in the near future.2 The “slash and burn” method used by local farmers is also highly detrimental to the ecosystem, but it continues to be fueled by the economic value of ...See More turning forested areas into plantations.3 Show Less

Show References
1 http://cdkn.org/project/accelerating-climate-change-response-in-mozambique/
2 http://www.irinnews.org/report/84604/mozambique-climate-change-adaptation-can-t-wait
3 http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnaea332.pdf
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Mozambique News

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Geography

Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Area

Total 799,380 sq km
Land 786,380 sq km
Water 13,000 sq km

Climate

tropical to subtropical
Natural Resources

coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite ;
Natural Hazards

severe droughts; devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces
Current Environmental Issues

a long civil war and recurrent drought in the hinterlands have resulted in increased migration of the population to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences; desertification; pollution of surface and coastal waters; elephant poaching for ivory is a problem

Demographics

Nationality
Mozambican
Population
24,096,669 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

At independence in 1975, Mozambique was one of the world's poorest countries. Socialist mismanagement and a brutal civil war from 1977-92 exacerbated the situation. In 1987, the government embarked on a series of macroeconomic reforms designed to stabilize the economy. These steps, combined with donor assistance and with political stability since the multi-party elections in 1994, have led to dramatic improvements in the country's growth rate. Fiscal reforms, including the introduction of a value-added tax and reform of the customs service, have improved the government's revenue collection abilities. In spite of these gains, Mozambique remained dependent upon foreign assistance for ...See More 40% of its 2012 annual budget and over half the population remained below the poverty line. Subsistence agriculture continues to employ the vast majority of the country's work force and smallholder agricultural productivity and productivity growth is weak. A substantial trade imbalance persists although aluminum production from the Mozal smelter has significantly boosted export earnings in recent years. In 2012, The Mozambican government took over Portugal's last remaining share in the Cahora Bassa Hydroelectricity Company (HCB), a signficant contributor to the Southern African Power Pool. The government has plans to expand the Cahora Bassa Dam and build additional dams to increase its electricity exports and fulfill the needs of its burgeoning domestic industries. Mozambique's once substantial foreign debt has been reduced through forgiveness and rescheduling under the IMF's Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) and Enhanced HIPC initiatives, and is now at a manageable level. In July 2007, the US government's Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) signed a $506.9 million Compact with Mozambique. Compact projects will end in September 2013 and are focusing on improving sanitation, roads, agriculture, and the business regulation environment in an effort to spur economic growth in the four northern provinces of the country. Citizens rioted in September 2010, after fuel, water, electricity, and bread price increases were announced. In an attempt to lessen the negative impact on people, the government implemented subsidies, decreased taxes and tariffs, and instituted other fiscal measures. Mozambique grew at an average annual rate of 6%-8% in the decade up to 2012, one of Africa's strongest performances. Mozambique's ability to attract large investment projects in natural resources is expected to fuel continued high growth in coming years. Revenues from these vast resources, including natural gas, coal, titanium and hydroelectric capacity, could overtake donor assistance within five years. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$26.69 billion (2012 est.); $24.83 billion (2011 est.); $23.13 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

0% of GDP (2012 est.); 5.2% of GDP (2011 est.); 4.8% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava (tapioca), corn, coconuts, sisal, citrus and tropical fruits, potatoes, sunflowers; beef, poultry
Industries

aluminum, petroleum products, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco, food, beverages