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Nauru

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Causes We Support

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Human Rights
Citizens of Nauru have had to deal with differing levels of transparency by their government. The Foreign Ministry gained the power to cancel passports without court review, and used this new power to cancel passports of 20 protesters in a pro-democracy rally. 1 The government is also in the process of creating policy to handle the refugees and asylum-seekers that need attention. The inhumane detention centers on the island have been condemned by the international community, and Australia has promised to shut them down. As of 2017 the centers were still open. 2

Show References
1https://www.amnestyusa.org/
2 http://www.aljazeera.com/blogs/asia/2017/08/australia-detention-centres-nauru-manus-island-open-170813142449181.html
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Geography

Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Area

Total 21 sq km
Land 21 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)
Natural Resources

phosphates, fish ;
Natural Hazards

periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources

Demographics

Nationality
Nauruan
Population
9,434 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Revenues of this tiny island traditionally have come from exports of phosphates. Few other resources exist, with most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. In 2005 an Australian company entered into an agreement to exploit remaining supplies. Primary reserves of phosphates were exhausted and mining ceased in 2006, but mining of a deeper layer of "secondary phosphate" in the interior of the island began the following year. The secondary phosphate deposits may last another 30 years. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term ...See More problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faced virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. Nauru lost further revenue in 2008 with the closure of Australia''s refugee processing center, making it almost totally dependent on food imports and foreign aid. Housing, hospitals, and other capital plant are deteriorating. The cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continues to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist with estimates of Nauru''s GDP varying widely. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$60 million (2005 est.)
Agriculture Products

coconuts
Industries

phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products