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Nauru

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Causes We Support

Human Rights
Religion
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Children/Youth
Human Rights
It has recently been brought to international attention that detention centers for asylum-seeking children have been violating their human rights.1 There was an anonymous report published to the Australian Human Rights Commission website that declared rampant rights violations including: physical and sexual abuse of children, medical treatment delays, and inadequate legal protections.2

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1http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/14/child-asylum-seekers-rights-on-nauru-systematically-violated-inquiry-told
2 ibid
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Nauru News

The Guardian (blog) 
We were in Offshore Processing Centre compound number 3 – the family compound in the Nauru detention facility – for a year and three weeks. In that time lots of things happened between us and Wilsons, the security guards running the camp, especially ... See more..
Crikey (registration) 
There was a series of reports of an outbreak of Dengue fever on Nauru across late February and early March this year. A report in The Guardian stated that 70 people had been afflicted, including 10 refugees. A tipster has told us that someone on the ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
In a statement, the government says the pair were awaiting deportation after they were detained under Nauru's immigration laws. Australian media were reporting the pair were employed at the Australian-run asylum seeker detention centre on the island. See more..
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9news.com.au 
The pair were working at the immigration detention centre on the island nation but the reason for their detention is unknown, Fairfax Media reported on Tuesday. The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade confirmed the high commission was helping the ... See more..
Camden Haven Courier 
Two Australians in Nauru believed to be working with detention centre contractor Wilson Security have been detained by local police and will be deported back to Australia. The Nauruan government confirmed on Tuesday two Australian citizens were ... See more..
Voice of America 
Department of Homeland Security officers are taking biometric details from refugees on Nauru, including fingerprints, heights and weights, according to a document circulated among asylum-seekers and provided to AP by Mehdi, a refugee on the island ... See more..
Camden Haven Courier 
A group of Australians has been detained by local police on the island of Nauru, Fairfax Media can reveal. The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade said the Australian government was providing consular assistance to "a number of Australian citizens ... See more..
Solomon Star 
He said the idea of bringing the Nauru team is to help regain confidence to the rugby community in the Solomon Islands. He revealed the visit by Nauru will be an annual event whereby the champions of the 2017 HRUA league will travel to Nauru to play. See more..
The Guardian 
The US could take more than the mooted 1,250 refugees from Australia's offshore immigration detention islands of Manus and Nauru, Australia's ambassador for people smuggling and human trafficking has told a Senate inquiry. But Andrew Goledzinowski ... See more..
The Guardian 
Nauru and Australian immigration officials have called a crisis meeting as a major dengue fever outbreak threatens to overwhelm the Pacific island nation's public health system. Guardian Australia understands there are now at least 70 known cases of ... See more..
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Geography

Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Area

Total 21 sq km
Land 21 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February) ;
Natural Resources

phosphates, fish ;
Natural Hazards

periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources ;

Demographics

Nationality
Nauruan
Population
9,434 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Revenues of this tiny island traditionally have come from exports of phosphates. Few other resources exist, with most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. In 2005 an Australian company entered into an agreement to exploit remaining supplies. Primary reserves of phosphates were exhausted and mining ceased in 2006, but mining of a deeper layer of "secondary phosphate" in the interior of the island began the following year. The secondary phosphate deposits may last another 30 years. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term ...See More problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faced virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. Nauru lost further revenue in 2008 with the closure of Australia''s refugee processing center, making it almost totally dependent on food imports and foreign aid. Housing, hospitals, and other capital plant are deteriorating. The cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continues to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist with estimates of Nauru''s GDP varying widely. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$60 million (2005 est.)
Agriculture Products

coconuts
Industries

phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products