Organizations in Nauru View all
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Hesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that supports individuals and communities in their struggles to realize the right to health. We develop easy to read materials that are produced in many languages. All are available through our bookstore and for free online on our ...See More HealthWiki. Show Less
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Causes We Support

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Human Rights
Citizens of Nauru have had to deal with differing levels of transparency by their government. The Foreign Ministry gained the power to cancel passports without court review, and used this new power to cancel passports of 20 protesters in a pro-democracy rally. 1 The government is also in the process of creating policy to handle the refugees and asylum-seekers that need attention. The inhumane detention centers on the island have been condemned by the international community, and Australia has promised to shut them down. As of 2017 the centers were still open. 2

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Nauru News

The Guardian 
Refugee advocates march in Sydney calling for the Australian government to close its offshore detention centres. Photograph: Richard Milnes/REX/Shutterstock. See more..
Amnesty International UK 
The Australian civil engineering company Canstruct International Pty Ltd ('Canstruct') has taken on a highly-controversial contract to run facilities on Nauru where the Australian government has trapped refugees in a system that amounts to torture ... See more..
The Guardian 
Refugees held by Australia on Manus Island have been offered the chance to move to Australia's other offshore detention island of Nauru. The detention centre on Manus has become increasingly tense, chaotic and unstable in recent weeks, as the Papua ... See more..
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The Guardian 
Arash, an Iranian refugee, is currently held on Australia's offshore detention island of Nauru. His wife was brought from the island to Australia for health reasons when she was pregnant more than a year ago. His daughter was born in Sydney in March. See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The Australian government has been told it should feel ashamed of its offer to transfer refugees detained on Papua New Guinea's Manus Island to its other detention centre on Nauru. With the Manus Island centre due to close at the end of the month, both ... See more..
The Guardian 
Turnbull, said about 25 people from Nauru and 25 from Manus would be informed of their upcoming resettlement in the US soon. “President Trump had some reservations about it but, nonetheless, he is honouring the commitment made by his predecessor ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
At its board meeting in Egypt, the fund approved the US$27 million project to help Nauru counter the effects of climate change. The project involves the Nauru government partnering with the Asian Development Bank to give the port a much-needed upgrade. See more..
The Guardian 
Another 27 refugees flew to Port Moresby on Wednesday from a camp in Nauru, he said, also bound, ultimately, for Los Angeles. US government officials did not immediately respond to a request for comment on Wednesday and Australian officials declined to ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The World Bank says Nauru needs to find alternative sources of income as its income from running Australia's asylum seeker detention centre falls. The Australian newspaper reported that the bank's latest review of Asia-Pacific economies predicted Nauru ... See more..
The Interpreter 
ABC Radio National has investigated the deportation of 77 Chinese nationals from Fiji by uniformed Chinese police in August. The group was accused of online gambling fraud but the two-part investigation suggests they were sex workers for the Chinese ... See more..
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Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands

Total 21 sq km
Land 21 sq km
Water 0 sq km


tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)
Natural Resources

phosphates, fish ;
Natural Hazards

periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources


9,434 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups


Revenues of this tiny island traditionally have come from exports of phosphates. Few other resources exist, with most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. In 2005 an Australian company entered into an agreement to exploit remaining supplies. Primary reserves of phosphates were exhausted and mining ceased in 2006, but mining of a deeper layer of "secondary phosphate" in the interior of the island began the following year. The secondary phosphate deposits may last another 30 years. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term ...See More problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faced virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. Nauru lost further revenue in 2008 with the closure of Australia''s refugee processing center, making it almost totally dependent on food imports and foreign aid. Housing, hospitals, and other capital plant are deteriorating. The cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continues to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist with estimates of Nauru''s GDP varying widely. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$60 million (2005 est.)
Agriculture Products


phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products