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Nauru

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Hesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that supports individuals and communities in their struggles to realize the right to health. We develop easy to read materials that are produced in many languages. All are available through our bookstore and for free online on our ...See More HealthWiki. Show Less
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Causes We Support

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Children/Youth
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Education
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Animals
Human Rights
It has recently been brought to international attention that detention centers for asylum-seeking children have been violating their human rights.1 There was an anonymous report published to the Australian Human Rights Commission website that declared rampant rights violations including: physical and sexual abuse of children, medical treatment delays, and inadequate legal protections.2

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1http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/14/child-asylum-seekers-rights-on-nauru-systematically-violated-inquiry-told
2 ibid
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Nauru News

Courier Mail 
The Department of Immigration and Border Protection told The Courier-Mail: “The department is aware of these allegations. These are matters for the Nauru Police Force.” It is not clear how much it was being sold for and the size of the alleged drug racket. See more..
The Guardian 
The Australian Border Force admitted internally that it failed to respond appropriately to allegations of sexual assault and abuse on Nauru but did not disclose these findings to a parliamentary inquiry. A tranche of internal emails obtained by ... See more..
ABC Online 
Australia's immigration processing centre on Nauru is a "blemish" on the country's good human rights record, according to a United Nations official. UN special rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, Francois Crepeau, spent three weeks visiting ... See more..
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The Guardian 
Medical reports about the child's condition, seen by Guardian Australia, detail severe psychiatric symptoms and extreme anxiety triggered by thoughts or reminders of Nauru. Three separate psychiatric reports stated categorically SGS should not be ... See more..
The Guardian 
Law telephoned and emailed the chief justice of Nauru, Geoffrey Eames QC, who was in Australia, seeking an injunction against his imminent deportation. Eames issued an injunction blocking Law's deportation, served to the commissioner of police, the ... See more..
The Jerusalem Post 
When President Reuven Rivlin welcomed Nauru's 14th President Baron Waqa and his delegation on Sunday, he was absolutely sincere in all the compliments he heaped on Nauru, because Nauru is Israel's most unconditional and uncritical friend, invariably ... See more..
The Sydney Morning Herald 
Bangkok: A Syrian man has arrived in the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh in a fillip to the Turnbull Government's troubled $55 million agreement to resettle refugees held in Nauru. Australian authorities secretly transferred the man weeks ago, bringing to ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The Nauru government has blamed long delays for completed public audits on a lack of qualified staff. The Department of Audit just tabled the public accounts from 2013/2014 in parliament. The move had been hailed by the Nauru government as a sign of ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
There are concerns in Nauru that a law change rushed through this week interferes with the right to subpoena public servants to appear as witnesses in court cases. The Public Service Amendment Act was altered to distinguish between public servants who ... See more..
The Cambodia Daily 
Cambodia has resettled its seventh refugee as part of a controversial, multimillion-dollar deal it struck with Australia in 2014, an Interior Ministry official confirmed on Thursday. General Sok Phal, who runs the ministry's immigration department ... See more..
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Geography

Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Area

Total 21 sq km
Land 21 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)
Natural Resources

phosphates, fish ;
Natural Hazards

periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources

Demographics

Nationality
Nauruan
Population
9,434 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Revenues of this tiny island traditionally have come from exports of phosphates. Few other resources exist, with most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. In 2005 an Australian company entered into an agreement to exploit remaining supplies. Primary reserves of phosphates were exhausted and mining ceased in 2006, but mining of a deeper layer of "secondary phosphate" in the interior of the island began the following year. The secondary phosphate deposits may last another 30 years. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term ...See More problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faced virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. Nauru lost further revenue in 2008 with the closure of Australia''s refugee processing center, making it almost totally dependent on food imports and foreign aid. Housing, hospitals, and other capital plant are deteriorating. The cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continues to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist with estimates of Nauru''s GDP varying widely. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$60 million (2005 est.)
Agriculture Products

coconuts
Industries

phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products