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Nauru

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Causes We Support

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Children/Youth
Human Rights
It has recently been brought to international attention that detention centers for asylum-seeking children have been violating their human rights.1 There was an anonymous report published to the Australian Human Rights Commission website that declared rampant rights violations including: physical and sexual abuse of children, medical treatment delays, and inadequate legal protections.2

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1http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/14/child-asylum-seekers-rights-on-nauru-systematically-violated-inquiry-told
2 ibid
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Nauru News

Lawyers Weekly 
“The committee is right in finding that the risks faced by asylum seekers and refugees on Nauru is unacceptable,” Mr Barns said. “It seems like the Department of Immigration and Border Protection is alone in believing that offshore detention remains a ... See more..
The Guardian 
Amnesty International Australia, which also gave evidence at the inquiry, called on the prime minister, Malcolm Turnbull, to immediately commit to bringing people to safety from Nauru and Manus Island. “The evidence couldn't be clearer. The Australian ... See more..
ABC Online 
The MPs had spoken out about the erosion of the independence of the judiciary in Nauru after the deportation of resident magistrate, Australian lawyer Peter Law, and the barring of Nauruan Chief Justice Geoffrey Eames from re-entering the country in 2014. See more..
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SBS 
Vice President Mike Pence has reaffirmed that the Trump administration will resettle refugees in limbo on Nauru and Manus Island. President Donald Trump blasted Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull over the settlement plan during their now-notorious phone ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
Nauru Airlines has secured a permit allowing it to revive its Guam route and fly to more Micronesian destinations. See more..
Radio New Zealand 
But first the former MPs are asking the court to enforce subpoenas for the Justice Minister, David Adeang, the secretary of justice and three people in the Nauru media. One of the accused former politicians, a former president of Nauru, Sprent Dabwido ... See more..
SBS 
Australian churches have used the Easter long-weekend to appeal for the government to show compassion for asylum seekers on Manus Island and Nauru as a result of Australia's boat-arrival policies. Australian Churches Refugee Taskforce chairman ... See more..
9news.com.au 
The federal government has promised Nauru it won't cut and run, amid speculation the immigration detention centre may close and as progress inches towards sending refugees on the island to the US. Nauru President Baron Waqa met with Prime Minister ... See more..
ABC Local 
Mark Isaacs got a job at Nauru working with the Salvation Army in 2012. He left just before a major riot resulted in much of the centre burning. His colleagues and detainees he'd come to know begged him to investigate what happened after. As he reveals ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The group, in a statement, said proper legal representation from outside of Nauru was necessary because there were no qualified lawyers on the island able to provide the representation they need. It claimed the Public Defender's office had been ... See more..
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Geography

Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Area

Total 21 sq km
Land 21 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)
Natural Resources

phosphates, fish ;
Natural Hazards

periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources

Demographics

Nationality
Nauruan
Population
9,434 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Revenues of this tiny island traditionally have come from exports of phosphates. Few other resources exist, with most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. In 2005 an Australian company entered into an agreement to exploit remaining supplies. Primary reserves of phosphates were exhausted and mining ceased in 2006, but mining of a deeper layer of "secondary phosphate" in the interior of the island began the following year. The secondary phosphate deposits may last another 30 years. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term ...See More problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faced virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. Nauru lost further revenue in 2008 with the closure of Australia''s refugee processing center, making it almost totally dependent on food imports and foreign aid. Housing, hospitals, and other capital plant are deteriorating. The cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continues to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist with estimates of Nauru''s GDP varying widely. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$60 million (2005 est.)
Agriculture Products

coconuts
Industries

phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products