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Nauru

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Hesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that supports individuals and communities in their struggles to realize the right to health. We develop easy to read materials that are produced in many languages. All are available through our bookstore and for free online on our ...See More HealthWiki. Show Less
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Causes We Support

Human Rights
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Clean Water
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Children/Youth
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Human Rights
It has recently been brought to international attention that detention centers for asylum-seeking children have been violating their human rights.1 There was an anonymous report published to the Australian Human Rights Commission website that declared rampant rights violations including: physical and sexual abuse of children, medical treatment delays, and inadequate legal protections.2

Show References
1http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/14/child-asylum-seekers-rights-on-nauru-systematically-violated-inquiry-told
2 ibid
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Nauru News

Aljazeera.com (blog) 
Today, the detention centres on Manus Island and Nauru remain open and approximately 2,000 refugees and asylum seekers have now been held there for almost four years. In June 2017, the Australian government agreed to what could be the largest ... See more..
The Guardian 
The Victorian Liberal MP Russell Broadbent tells parliament he was inspired to speak out against the government's offshore detention policy by a column from Guardian Australia journalist David Marr. There was one line in his article on marriage ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
United States officials are returning to Australia's refugee detention centre on Nauru to continue vetting detainees for possible resettlement in America. More than one thousand refugees on Nauru are thought to be eligible. Last week protests erupted ... See more..
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The Guardian 
Asked after the speech what he meant by parliamentary action to resolve the situation on Nauru and Manus, Broadbent told Guardian Australia: “It means the Australian parliament should act to resolve the situation of people in long-term offshore ... See more..
ABC Online 
In its statement, the Nauru Government said it understood the incident was "not random … but connected to a relationship between the refugee and a female relative of the Nauruan man". Mr Parvez denied that claim, and said he is not in a relationship ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The recently published transcript of a telephone conversation from late January shows Malcolm Turnbull telling Donald Trump he is not obliged to accept any of the refugees detained on Nauru and Papua New Guinea's Manus Island by Australia, despite ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
A prominent lawyer says he suspects Australia has directed Nauru to prevent journalists from visiting the Pacific Island nation. Australia has exiled about a thousand refugees to Nauru where the non-refundable fee to apply for a journalist's visa is ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
Nauru's judiciary is advertising for a Supreme Court judge to preside over appeals for refugee status made by asylum seekers. While most judges on Nauru come from overseas, this job appears to be aimed at a Nauru lawyer, as it requires the applicant to ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
A former Nauru cabinet minister, who is one of 16 people facing charges over a protest, says the government's decision to have the case heard by an Australian judge vindicates their stand over interference in the judiciary. The Nauru justice minister ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The Nauru government's Information Office has reiterated a call first made on Friday for fishermen to keep well clear of a part of the harbour following a gas leak. The 25 square kilometres of land which is Nauru, was devastated by phosphate mining ... See more..
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Geography

Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Area

Total 21 sq km
Land 21 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)
Natural Resources

phosphates, fish ;
Natural Hazards

periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources

Demographics

Nationality
Nauruan
Population
9,434 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Revenues of this tiny island traditionally have come from exports of phosphates. Few other resources exist, with most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. In 2005 an Australian company entered into an agreement to exploit remaining supplies. Primary reserves of phosphates were exhausted and mining ceased in 2006, but mining of a deeper layer of "secondary phosphate" in the interior of the island began the following year. The secondary phosphate deposits may last another 30 years. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term ...See More problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faced virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. Nauru lost further revenue in 2008 with the closure of Australia''s refugee processing center, making it almost totally dependent on food imports and foreign aid. Housing, hospitals, and other capital plant are deteriorating. The cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continues to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist with estimates of Nauru''s GDP varying widely. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$60 million (2005 est.)
Agriculture Products

coconuts
Industries

phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products