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Peru

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Environment
Peru's rich rainforests are threatened by illegal logging, deforestation, and agricultural expansion.1 Nearly 715 hectares of forest are lost each day.2 Water pollution from sewage, oil-drilling, and other waste cause dangers to drinking supply and other water sources.3 Recently, the Peruvian government has scaled down legislation protecting air, soil, and water standards in order to stimulate business investment and mining and oil drilling practices in the country.4 Peru's 6,000 indigenous species of plant and animal life are in danger because of extensive hunting and destruction of the environment.6

Show References
1 http://wwf.panda.org/who_we_are/wwf_offices/peru/about/problems/
2-3 Ibid
4http://america.aljazeera.com/opinions/2014/8/peru-environmentclimatechangemining.html
5 Ibid
6 http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/southamerica/peru/
Hide References

Peru News

ABC News 
As the flames engulfed the room where Luis Huaman was trapped inside a warehouse in Peru's capital, he made a call to his mother in a desperate plea for help. Nearly a day later, the fire was still raging and there was no sign of the 19-year-old. At ... See more..
U.S. News & World Report 
Markets in Peru, where a free-market economy has been in place for the past quarter of century, have remained stable. But Kuczynski's political vulnerability threatens to disrupt his ability to govern effectively in the remaining four years of his five ... See more..
The Mercury News 
A pisco sour is the national drink of Peru, and quite tasty when enjoying fresh ceviche.” COURTESY OF LAUREN FAHRERITALY: Walnut Creek resident Lauren Fahrer -- in red -- ITALY: Walnut Creek resident Lauren Fahrer and fellow partygoers celebrated ... See more..
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Reuters 
Use your power as president. Pardon him," Keiko Fujimori said on Twitter. Fujimori is a divisive figure in Peru, considered a corrupt dictator by some but admired by others who credit him with fixing the economy and ending a bloody insurgency in the 1990s. See more..
Grimsby Telegraph 
John has spent much time travelling the world seeking wildlife, especially birds and has been to most South American countries over the years and this talk was about a trip with his wife to Peru in 2010. In Peru he set off northwards, the roads away ... See more..
Kokomo Tribune 
PERU – For 145 years, performers with Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus traveled the country by train to put on their world-renowned acts. The trains eventually became one of the most iconic parts of the “Greatest Show on Earth.” But in May ... See more..
Daily Mail 
A group of self-proclaimed paranormal researchers claim they have found proof of aliens near the city of Nazca in Peru. The team say they have found a mysterious three-fingered 'mummified humanoid' with an elongated skull. But not everyone is convinced ... See more..
Huffington Post Canada 
OTTAWA — Even once reforms proposed by the Trudeau government are in place, Canada would sit only 46th on a list of global freedom-of-information rankings — sandwiched between Peru and Bulgaria. The Halifax-based Centre for Law and Democracy ... See more..
Vogue.com 
Park and Lawlor also spend a lot of time in Peru, where Öhlin/D's pima-cotton and alpaca knitwear is made in women-run factories. On a recent visit, they documented their time in Lima as well as a few side trips to Cusco and Arequipa, where they ... See more..
teleSUR English 
... of the body do not present a human deformity but “another creature, another humanoid.” The Daily Mail reported that another member of the research team in Peru was Jamie Maussan, an ex-investigative journalist known for his UFO hoax extravaganzas. See more..
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Geography

Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador
Area

Total 1,285,216 sq km
Land 1,279,996 sq km
Water 5,220 sq km

Climate

varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes
Natural Resources

copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas ;
Natural Hazards

earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity

volcanism: volcanic activity in the Andes Mountains; Ubinas (elev. 5,672 m), which last erupted in 2009, is the country's most active volcano; other historically active volcanoes include El Misti, Huaynaputina, Sabancaya, and Yucamane volcanic activity in the Andes Mountains; Ubinas (elev. 5,672 m), which last erupted in 2009, is the country's most active volcano; other historically active volcanoes include El Misti, Huaynaputina, Sabancaya, and Yucamane
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation (some the result of illegal logging); overgrazing of the slopes of the costa and sierra leading to soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima; pollution of rivers and coastal waters from municipal and mining wastes

Demographics

Nationality
Peruvian
Population
29,849,303 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Peru's economy reflects its varied geography - an arid lowland coastal region, the central high sierra of the Andes, the dense forest of the Amazon, with tropical lands bordering Colombia and Brazil. A wide range of important mineral resources are found in the mountainous and coastal areas, and Peru's coastal waters provide excellent fishing grounds. The Peruvian economy has been growing by an average of 6.4% per year since 2002 with a stable/slightly appreciating exchange rate and low inflation, which in 2013 is expected to be below the upper limit of the Central Bank target range of 1 to 3%. ...See More Growth has been in the 6-9% range for the last three years, due partly to a leap in private investment, especially in the extractive sector, which accounts for more than 60% of Peru's total exports. Despite Peru's strong macroeconomic performance, dependence on minerals and metals exports and imported foodstuffs subjects the economy to fluctuations in world prices. Poor infrastructure hinders the spread of growth to Peru's non-coastal areas. Peru's rapid expansion coupled with cash transfers and other programs have helped to reduce the national poverty rate by 23 percentage points since 2002, but inequality persists and continues to pose a challenge for the new Ollanta HUMALA administration, which has championed a policy of social inclusion and a more equitable distribution of income. Peru's free trade policy has continued under the HUMALA administration; since 2006, Peru has signed trade deals with the US, Canada, Singapore, China, Korea, Mexico, Japan, the European Free Trade Association, Chile, and four other countries; concluded negotiations with Venezuela, Costa Rica, and Guatemala; and begun trade talks with two other Central American countries and the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Peru also has signed a trade pact with Chile, Colombia, and Mexico called the Pacific Alliance that rivals Mercosur in combined population, GDP, and trade. The US-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement entered into force 1 February 2009, opening the way to greater trade and investment between the two economies. Although Peru has continued to attract foreign investment, political activism and protests are hampering development of some projects related to natural resource extraction. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$332 billion (2012 est.); $312.4 billion (2011 est.); $292.2 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

23.2% of GDP (2012 est.); 23.4% of GDP (2011 est.); 22.8% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

asparagus, coffee, cocoa, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, pineapples, guavas, bananas, apples, lemons, pears, coca, tomatoes, mangoes, barley, medicinal plants, palm oil, marigold, onion, wheat, dry beans; poultry, beef, pork, dairy products; guinea pigs; fish
Industries

mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, glass, textiles, clothing, food processing, beer, soft drinks, rubber, machinery, electrical machinery, chemicals, furniture