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Portugal

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Human Rights
Modeled on Vietnam Vets Against the War, LEAP brings unquestionable credibility and first hand experience to its critique of our drug policies to wide audiences. Find out why Michelle Alexander, author of The New Jim Crow said, "Law Enforcement Against Prohibition is a singular organization whose credibility and experience provide ...See More one of the strongest voices against the War on Drugs anywhere in the world." Show Less
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Health
Hesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that supports individuals and communities in their struggles to realize the right to health. We develop easy to read materials that are produced in many languages. All are available through our bookstore and for free online on our ...See More HealthWiki. Show Less
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Health
The Oxalosis and Hyperoxaluria Foundation (OHF) is the leading organization in the world dedicated to the awareness, understanding and treatment of Primary Hyperoxaluria, Oxalosis and related Hyperoxaluria Kidney Stone Conditions for thousands of healthcare professionals, patients and their families. We aim to share our knowledge so that everyone – ...See More patients, medical professionals, government officials, the general public and industry has accurate information about the advances in our disease. Show Less
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Children/Youth
Youth for Christ is a worldwide Christian movement working with young people around the globe. Motivated by our faith in Jesus Christ we share the good news of God with young people.
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Causes We Support

Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
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Environment
Air and water pollution remain the greatest threats to Portugal’s environment. These problems are particularly pressing in urban centers where the concentration of industrial pollutants like carbon dioxide, nitrous oxides, and sulfur dioxide is higher.1 Climate change has also negatively impacted the environment and cost the government millions of euros in damages. Increased temperatures, accompanied by less rainfall, have triggered droughts and wildfires in the country.2 Portugal is taking significant measures to reduce the effects of climate change and is considered a leader in renewable energy.3 In 2016, the country ran entirely on renewable energy for four straight days as a demonstration of their capabilities to cut back on greenhouse gas emissions.4

Show References
1 http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Europe/Portugal-ENVIRONMENT.html#b
2 http://theportugalnews.com/news/portugals-7bn-climate-change-bill/40860
3 http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-18538813
4 http://theportugalnews.com/news/portugals-7bn-climate-change-bill/40860
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Portugal News

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Geography

Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain
Area

Total 92,090 sq km
Land 91,470 sq km
Water 620 sq km

***NOTE*** includes Azores and Madeira Islands
Climate

maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south
Natural Resources

fish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

Azores subject to severe earthquakes

volcanism: limited volcanic activity in the Azores Islands; Fayal or Faial (elev. 1,043 m) last erupted in 1958; most volcanoes have not erupted in centuries; historically active volcanoes include Agua de Pau, Furnas, Pico, Picos Volcanic System, San Jorge, Sete Cidades, and Terceira limited volcanic activity in the Azores Islands; Fayal or Faial (elev. 1,043 m) last erupted in 1958; most volcanoes have not erupted in centuries; historically active volcanoes include Agua de Pau, Furnas, Pico, Picos Volcanic System, San Jorge, Sete Cidades, and Terceira
Current Environmental Issues

soil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas

Demographics

Nationality
Portuguese
Population
10,799,270 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Portugal has become a diversified and increasingly service-based economy since joining the European Community - the EU's predecessor - in 1986. Over the following two decades, successive governments privatized many state-controlled firms and liberalized key areas of the economy, including the financial and telecommunications sectors. The country qualified for the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) in 1998 and began circulating the euro on 1 January 2002 along with 11 other EU members. The economy grew by more than the EU average for much of the 1990s, but the rate of growth slowed in 2001-08. The economy contracted 2.5% in 2009, ...See More before growing 1.4% in 2010, but GDP fell again in 2011 and 2012, as the government began implementing spending cuts and tax increases to comply with conditions of an EU-IMF financial rescue package, agreed to in May 2011. GDP per capita stands at roughly two-thirds of the EU-27 average. Portugal also has been increasingly overshadowed by lower-cost producers in Central Europe and Asia as a destination for foreign direct investment, in part because its rigid labor market hindered greater productivity and growth. However, the government of Pedro PASSOS COELHO has enacted several measures to introduce more flexibility into the labor market, and, this, along with steps to reduce high levels of public debt, could make Portugal more attractive to foreign investors. The government reduced the budget deficit from 10.1% of GDP in 2009 to 4.5% in 2011, an achievement made possible only by the extraordinary revenues obtained from the one-time transfer of bank pension funds to the social security system. The budget deficit worsened in 2012 as a sharp reduction in domestic consumption took a bigger bite out of value-added tax revenues while rising unemployment benefits increased expenditures more than anticipated. Poor growth prospects over the next year have reinforced investors' concerns about the government's ability to achieve its budget deficit targets and regain full access to bond market financing when the EU-IMF financing program expires in 2013. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$250.6 billion (2012 est.); $258.8 billion (2011 est.); $262.9 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

14.3% of GDP (2012 est.); 10.7% of GDP (2011 est.); 9.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

grain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, dairy products; fish
Industries

textiles, clothing, footwear, wood and cork, paper, chemicals, auto-parts manufacturing, base metals, porcelain and ceramics, glassware, technology, telecommunications; dairy products, wine and other foods; ship construction and refurbishment; tourism