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Samoa

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Environment
As a small island in the Pacific Ocean, Samoa is uniquely vulnerable to changes in the environment. In particular, storms and tsunamis pose a serious threat to Samoa, as evidenced by the devastating tsunami of 2009.1 Additionally, climate change, although still poorly understood, has the potential to be a prominent concern in Samoa. If weather patterns or sea levels change, the small island of Samoa, with its delicate ecosystems, will be in a position of exposure.2 Finally, overfishing and marine pollution have threatened Samoa's coastal aquatic biodiversity.3 The International Panel on Climate Change recently ranked Samoa as the 6th most vulnerable country to climate change and 8th in regards to potential economic losses.4

Show References
1 http://mceer.buffalo.edu/infoservice/disasters/Samoa-Tsunami-2009.asp
2 http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Samoa-ENVIRONMENT.html#b
3http://www.samoaobserver.ws/other/climate-change/9912-samoa-among-10-pacific-nations-most-vulnerable-to-climate-change
4 Ibid
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Samoa News

TVNZ 
Ele Opeloge was this week finally awarded a silver medal for her Beijing 2008 performance. See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The United Nations Development Programme the Ministry of Health of Samoa and Digicel are partnering in a mass media campaign to address tuberculosis, HIV and sexually transmitted infections. The campaign, which was being run in Nauru, Samoa, ... See more..
Healio 
“The surveillance processes outlined and the timeline established for American Samoa might have implications for jurisdictions where small populations and similar population immunity following widespread Zika virus exposure can facilitate interruption ... See more..
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Samoa Observer (press release) (blog) 
Understanding finance and writing corporate news was the objective of a workshop hosted by the ANZ Bank yesterday, with the assistance from the Journalists Association of Samoa (J.A.W.S). Held at the Sheraton Samoa Aggie Grey's Hotel on Beach Road, ... See more..
Courier Mail 
Samoa's May 6 Test will be against the Wayne Bennett-coached England, 12 months after Bennett rebuffed criticism of him that he had pressured Milford to make himself unavailable for the Pacific island nation of his heritage. Asked if he available for ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
Toa Samoa is keen to welcome back Anthony Milford for the May test against England and hopefully the Rugby League World Cup at the end of the year. The 22-year-old Broncos star represented Samoa at the last World Cup and told the Courier Mail he was ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The high ranking chiefs or matai of Matautu Falelatai village banished the five elderly paramount chiefs after they attempted to sack the village pastor, Reverend Elder Tauti'aga Senara. The group were unhappy Reverend Senara did not support the ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
Samoa's Congregational Christian Church has sacked one of its ministers after a trip to the Vatican. Our correspondent says the decision to stand down Reverend Opapo Soana'i Oeti was made following a meeting of the Elders committee. Reverend Opapo is ... See more..
The Daily Progress 
PAGO PAGO, American Samoa (AP) — A federal judge in Honolulu has ruled that the decision to reduce the area off-limits to large vessels along the coast of American Samoa "is invalid," clearing the way for exclusive access by local fishermen and small ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
Our correspondent in American Samoa reports the major focus of the American Samoa government's lawsuit, seeking to overturn the NMFS decision, centred on the two Deeds of Cession - the 1900 Deed of Cession for Tutuila and Aunu'u island and the 1904 ... See more..
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Geography

Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand
Area

Total 2,831 sq km
Land 2,821 sq km
Water 10 sq km

Climate

tropical; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October) ;
Natural Resources

hardwood forests, fish, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

occasional typhoons; active volcanism

volcanism: Savai'I Island (elev. 1,858 m), which last erupted in 1911, is historically active Savai'I Island (elev. 1,858 m), which last erupted in 1911, is historically active ;
Current Environmental Issues

soil erosion, deforestation, invasive species, overfishing ;

Demographics

Nationality
Samoan
Population
195,476 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on development aid, family remittances from overseas, agriculture, and fishing. The country is vulnerable to devastating storms. Agriculture employs roughly two-thirds of the labor force and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, and copra. The manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. One factory in the Foreign Trade Zone employs 3,000 people to make automobile electrical harnesses for an assembly plant in Australia. Tourism is an expanding sector accounting for 25% of GDP; 122,000 tourists visited the islands in 2007. In late September 2009, an earthquake and the resulting tsunami ...See More severely damaged Samoa, and nearby American Samoa, disrupting transportation and power generation, and resulting in about 200 deaths. In December 2012, extensive flooding and wind damage from Tropical Cyclone Evan killed four people, displaced over 6,000, and damaged or destroyed an estimated 1,500 homes in Samoa's Upolu island. The Samoan Government has called for deregulation of the financial sector, encouragement of investment, and continued fiscal discipline, while at the same time protecting the environment. Observers point to the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. Foreign reserves are in a relatively healthy state, the external debt is stable, and inflation is low. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$1.146 billion (2012 est.); $1.132 billion (2011 est.); $1.11 billion (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

coconuts, bananas, taro, yams, coffee, cocoa
Industries

food processing, building materials, auto parts