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San Marino

San Marino

Summary

San Marino is a small, landlocked republic completed surrounded by Italy. The population is only 33,000 people, but the nation has a rich history. It claims to be the world’s oldest republic and was founded in 301.1 The country draws over 2 million tourists per year, mostly to tour the three fortresses located on Mount Titano.1 Despite its small size, it is one of the richest countries in the world based on GDP per capita, and the government budget has produced a surplus each year for decades.2 1 https://www.britannica.com/place/San-Marino-republic-Europe
2 http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/europe/sm.htm

Demographics

Nationality
Sammarinese
Population
32,448 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Explore San Marino Subcases

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Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
Poverty
Religion
Clean Water
Economy
Government
Health
Children
Animals

Environment

The government of San Marino states that it seeks to preserve the environment for future generations, and because of their small population density, the country does not experience pollution or smog problems.1

Family

94% of Sammarinese families live in urban areas, and families tend to be smaller, with women having an average of 1.5 children.1 There are many legal protections to promote gender equality in all spheres of life and protect people from spousal abuse.2 Abortions are permitted only to save the life of the mother, which leads many women to go to neighboring Italy for this service.2

Human Rights

Freedom of assembly, speech, and press are respected, and it is illegal to discriminate based on religion.1

Education

Education is free and required for all up to age 16, and there is one university located in San Marino.1 91% of all youth are enrolled at secondary education schools.2

Poverty

Still recovering from economic downfall in 2008, unemployment has been decreasing and was at 8.5% at the end of 2016.1 To ensure employment for all who desire it, the government maintains a policy that it will seek to find public sector jobs for all who cannot find work in private industries.2

Religion

Nearly 90% of people in San Marino are Roman Catholic, but freedom of religion is respected. Small minorities practice other forms of Christianity.1

Clean Water

100% of the population has access to piped water in their homes.1

Economy

The economy relies on tourism, banking, and small scale manufacturing of ceramics and fabrics.1 In recent years, there has been an economic downturn because of less demand from Italy, its chief trading partner, and the government has been attempting to increase foreign investments in their banks and diversify trading partners.1

Government

San Marino is a parliamentary republic that elects members to the Great and General Council every five years. In turn, the council elects two captains-regent to be the heads of state for a six month period.1 There are extremely low levels of corruption, and San Marino has convicted lawmakers accused of laundering money and paying bribes.2 Although not a member of the EU, its foreign policy closely follows EU and Italian standards.3

Health

All tax-paying citizens receive free, comprehensive health care and family allowances.1 The life expectancy is 83 years.2

Children

San Marino’s criminal responsibility age is only 12 years old, but they will allow sentences to be reduced for those under the age of 18.1

Animals

San Marino is home to many small mammals like badgers, rabbits, fox, and weasels. There are a few small rivers that also carry a limited variety of freshwater fish.1

San Marino

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