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Seychelles

Seychelles

Summary

The island country of Seychelles is located in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Africa. The small nation was the cause for years of struggle between France and Great Britain, with conflict ending in 1814 in victory for Great Britain. Seychelles gained their independence from Great Britain in 1976, followed by the implementation of a new constitution and free elections in 1993. One of the greatest social struggles facing Seychelles is the financial gap between the upper and lower classes, with a large percentage of the population living below the poverty line despite their notable advances in accessibility of education.1 1 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/se.html

Demographics

Nationality
Seychellois
Population
90,846 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Explore Seychelles Subcases

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Education
Poverty
Economy
Government
Health
Children
Environment
Family
Human Rights
Religion
Clean Water
Animals

Education

Seychelles was recently recognized by UNESCO as the only country in Africa to achieve full access to education for all students in the country. As of 2012, 92% of the population was literate. There are new early childhood education care centers and the government made primary education free and compulsory, which has resulted in a 94% primary education enrollment.1 2.9% of the GDP was spent on education in the last survey. For being classified as a small island developing state, the Seychelles has made excellent progress, but there is still room for improvement in developing vocational education programs and providing additional training opportunities for teachers.2, 3

Poverty

The government of the Seychelles is receiving developmental assistance from the United Nations Development Program in order to swiftly and efficiently implement programs of poverty eradication. These programs will specifically target low-income households and the unemployed, both of whom are considered vulnerable to falling into severe material poverty.1 One of Seychelles’ most prevalent issues is the gap between classes, seen in the 39% of the population living below the poverty line.2

Economy

Since gaining their independence in 1976, Seychelles’ GDP per capita has grown sevenfold, giving it one of the highest GDP per capitas in the African region. Tourism was the driving force of economic growth, but the economy has expanded to the tuna fishing industry as well. In 2017 Seychelles achieved developed country status, after reaching fiscal surplus of 3% of the GDP in 2016.1 The government is still working to implement broad-based institutional reforms that will increase the competitiveness on a global scale. After years of being almost solely dependent on tourism to support their economy, Seychelles is looking to diversify their income base by expanding into other industries, such as farming and small-scale manufacturing.2

Government

The Republic of Seychelles has operated in relative stability since the country gained independence from the UK in 1976. The presidential government is characterized by a severe lack of transparency regarding privatization and allocation of land. Public finances have been consistently mismanaged over the last two decades. Records of government embezzlement were also found.1 Seychelles was ranked 43 out of 178 countries on a Corruption Perceptions Index. Seychelles’ government has partnered with the European Union regarding the eradication of piracy in the water surrounding the islands.2,3

Health

Although Seychelles has not yet achieved all of the Millennium Development Goals pertaining to health, the government has been developing and implementing programs to aid in the advancement of health programs. In 2016 life expectancy had risen to 77 for females and 70 for males. The leading causes of death are heart and respiratory diseases.1 Additionally, progress has been slow with the spread and prevalence rate of contraceptives. Currently, only half of the population uses some form of family planning methods.2

Children

In Seychelles, there are few government controls and treaties regarding the treatment of children. There are several government funded awareness programs that focus on curbing the risky behaviors in children that could possibly lead to their exploitation, but despite this, there are no legal processes or protections for children engaging in dangerous labor while they are under the age of 18. Seychelles does not have any sort of youth policy integrated into their government.1 As of 2017, the birth mortality rate had dropped below 11 deaths per 1000 births.2 Seychelles has done remarkably well in the provision of universal primary education and enrollment has drastically increased.3

Environment

Seychelles has joined the Paris Climate Agreement, along with many other agreements concerning environmental problems with oceans, hazardous wastes, and climate change.1 The climate is tropical marine, with frequent monsoons. The water supply is heavily dependent on rainfall, which can be problematic during droughts.2

Family

In Seychelles unions between men and women are common but also unstable, with many ending in divorce. Marriages rarely extend outside social or ethnic classes. Men and women are equal in some areas of the society when considering their specific roles. Women tend to have more economic responsibilities and men do more of the manual labor, such as fishing.1

Human Rights

In Seychelles, governmental security is generally effective but there is evidence that police accept bribes. Additionally, brutality and corruption plague the system. There were also recorded instances of denial of fair public trial. Citizens who openly criticize the government risk their jobs and licenses, and are often intimidated and harassed. Though there are other problems salient within the system, the most common are restriction of free speech or conduct, corruption, and violence toward women and children.1

Religion

The citizens of Seychelles are divided into eight different religious classifications. 76.2% are Roman Catholic, 10.6% are Protestant, 2.4% are other denominations of Christian, 2.4% are Hindu, 1.6% are Muslim, 1.1% are non-Christian, 4.8% are unspecified, and .9% do not have a religion.1

Clean Water

Around 95.7% of the population of Seychelles has access to clean water as of 2015, yet the country suffers from droughts in the dry season. During these times, the entire archipelago struggles to find clean drinking water.1

Animals

The tropical environment of the island country of Seychelles is the cause for the great variety of species that live in its forests. There are over 250 species of birds that can be found there, 12 species of which are completely unique to Seychelles. Along with birds, some other animal attractions are a variety of tortoises, turtles, lizards, and amphibians. These species were greatly endangered by hunting and deforestation, but recent efforts have resulted in much of the wildlife in Seychelles being protected.1

Seychelles

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