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Somalia

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Afghanistan , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Haiti , Iraq , Jordan , Lebanon , Madagascar , Nepal , Philippines , Sierra Leone ...See More Countries , Somalia , The Republic of South Sudan Show Less Countries
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Children/Youth, Clean Water, Health
Emergency Relief and Recovery

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Afghanistan , Armenia , Azerbaijan , Bangladesh , Barbados , Belarus , Belize , Benin , Bolivia , Burkina Faso ...See More Countries , Burundi , Cambodia , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Costa Rica , Cuba , Djibouti , El Salvador , Ethiopia , Gambia , Georgia , Ghana , Grenada , Guatemala , Guyana , Haiti , Honduras , India , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Israel , Jamaica , Japan , Kenya , Lebanon , Lesotho , Liberia , Madagascar , Malawi , Mali , Mexico , Moldova , Mozambique , Myanmar , Namibia , Nepal , Nicaragua , Niger , Nigeria , North Korea , Pakistan , Panama , Paraguay , Peru , Philippines , Rwanda , Senegal , Sierra Leone , Somalia , South Africa , Sri Lanka , St. Lucia , Sudan , Swaziland , Tajikistan , Thailand , The Republic of South Sudan , Togo , Trinidad and Tobago , Uganda , Ukraine , Vanuatu , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
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Children/Youth
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Afghanistan , Albania , Algeria , Angola , Argentina , Australia , Austria , Azerbaijan , Bahama , Bangladesh ...See More Countries , Belarus , Belize , Benin , Bolivia , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Botswana , Brazil , Bulgaria , Burkina Faso , Cambodia , Cameroon , Canada , Central African Republic , Chile , China , Colombia , Congo , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Costa Rica , Cote d'Ivoire , Croatia , Cuba , Czech Republic , Denmark , Dominican Republic , Ecuador , Egypt , El Salvador , Eritrea , Estonia , Ethiopia , Falkland Islands , Fiji , Finland , France , French Guiana , Gabon , Georgia , Germany , Ghana , Greece , Greenland , Guatemala , Guinea , Guinea Ecuatorial , Guinea-Bissau , Guyana , Haiti , Honduras , Hungary , Iceland , India , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Ireland , Israel , Italy , Jamaica , Japan , Jordan , Kazakhstan , Kenya , Kyrgyzstan , Laos , Latvia , Liberia , Libya , Lithuania , Macedonia , Madagascar , Malawi , Malaysia , Mali , Mauritania , Mexico , Mongolia , Morocco , Mozambique , Myanmar , Namibia , Nepal , Netherlands , New Caledonia , New Zealand , Nicaragua , Niger , Nigeria , Norway , Oman , Pakistan , Panama , Papua New Guinea , Paraguay , Peru , Philippines , Poland , Portugal , Republic of Chad , Romania , Russia , SaudiArabia , Senegal , Serbia , Sierra Leone , Slovakia , Slovenia , Solomon Islands , Somalia , South Africa , Spain , Sri Lanka , Sudan , Suriname , Svalbard , Sweden , Switzerland , Syria , Tajikistan , Tanzania , Thailand , The Republic of South Sudan , Togo , Trinidad and Tobago , Tunisia , Turkey , Turkmenistan , UAE , Uganda , UK , Ukraine , United States of America , Uruguay , Uzbekistan , Vanuatu , Venezuela , Vietnam , Western Sahara , Yemen , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
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Human Rights
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Locations
Afghanistan, Cuba, Haiti, Kenya, Panama, Philippines, Somalia, Uganda, United States of America, Zambia
Causes
Health
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Environment
Since Somalia remains one of the least developed and corrupt countries in the world, their natural resource management is dismal and there are virtually no safeguards in place to counteract the effects of climate change.1 Land degradation is a serious issue for Somalia because of the irreversible effects of unsustainable livestock breeding and other agricultural practices.2 Following the devastation of the civil war, environmental concerns have fallen in importance and relevant data is very scarce.3

Show References
1http://www.unep.org/disastersandconflicts/CountryOperations/UNEPsPastActivities/Somalia/tabid/54631/Default.aspx
2 Ibid
3 Ibid
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Somalia News

ReliefWeb 
Restricted humanitarian accessibility continues to affect the provision of assistance to affected people in some parts of south and central Somalia. Decreasing funding of shelter activities has exceptionally affected the capacity of cluster partners ... See more..
The Guardian 
Fear of prosecution under UK and US counter-terror laws hinders those trying to provide humanitarian assistance in areas held by Islamic militants. See more..
ReliefWeb 
Severe drought is devastating communities in Somalia dependent on livestock and agriculture, leading to increasing concerns of massive hunger across the country. While droughts are cyclical in Somalia, this year's conditions are exacerbated by failed ... See more..
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Frost Illustrated 
Somali child (GIN)—Plans to slash foreign aid to Somalia now at the brink of famine would hurt humanitarian relief efforts and programs to curb terrorism, say local lawmakers from Minnesota. Speaking in Minneapolis at a forum on the drought situation ... See more..
Slow food 
Somalia is famous for all the wrong reasons: it's been called the most failed state in the world, and over a million Somalis have left the country over three decades of civil war. And yet, despite these incredibly difficult conditions, the values of ... See more..
Voice of America 
AFRICOM commander says recent announcement that US will send troops to Somalia does not signal a change in strategy. See more..
News24 
A Somali police official says a roadside bomb in a remote town in Somalia's semiautonomous state of Puntland has killed eight soldiers and injured three others. See more..
New York Times 
The coastline in Eyl, in the semiautonomous Puntland region of Somalia. Defense Department officials warned that Somali pirates are returning to waters off East Africa after five years of calm. Some attacks are believed to have been carried out by ... See more..
AllAfrica.com 
Almost 30,000 young Somali children, many of them displaced by a searing drought, are being vaccinated against measles this week in a United Nations-backed emergency campaign in one of the country's hardest-hit towns. "Among vaccine-preventable ... See more..
ReliefWeb 
It has been characterized by higher than normal temperatures in most areas and severe water and pasture shortages. In late March early April, moderate rains were reported in parts of northwest southern Somalia which may indicate early onset of ... See more..
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Geography

Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia
Area

Total 637,657 sq km
Land 627,337 sq km
Water 10,320 sq km

Climate

principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
Natural Resources

uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves ;
Natural Hazards

recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season
Current Environmental Issues

famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Demographics

Nationality
Somali
Population
10,251,568 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia has maintained a healthy informal economy, largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings. Nomads and semi-pastoralists, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the population. Livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas are Somalia's principal exports, while sugar, sorghum, corn, qat, and machined goods are the principal imports. Somalia's small industrial sector, based on the processing of agricultural products, has largely been ...See More looted and the machinery sold as scrap metal. Somalia''s service sector has grown. Telecommunication firms provide wireless services in most major cities and offer the lowest international call rates on the continent. In the absence of a formal banking sector, money transfer/remittance services have sprouted throughout the country, handling up to $1.6 billion in remittances annually. Mogadishu''s main market offers a variety of goods from food to the newest electronic gadgets. Hotels continue to operate and are supported with private-security militias. Somalia''s arrears to the IMF have continued to grow. Somalia''s capital city - Mogadishu - has enjoyed a rebirth following the departure of al-Shabaab in August 2011. Mogadishu has witnessed the development of the city''s first gas stations, supermarkets, and flights between Europe (Istanbul-Mogadishu) since the collapse of central authority in 1991. This economic growth has yet to expand outside of Mogadishu. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$5.896 billion (2010 est.); $5.75 billion (2009 est.); $5.607 billion (2008 est.)
Agriculture Products

bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats; fish
Industries

a few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication