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Somalia

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Afghanistan , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Haiti , Iraq , Jordan , Lebanon , Madagascar , Nepal , Philippines , Sierra Leone ...See More Countries , Somalia , The Republic of South Sudan Show Less Countries
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Children/Youth, Clean Water, Health
Emergency Relief and Recovery

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Afghanistan , Armenia , Azerbaijan , Bangladesh , Barbados , Belarus , Belize , Benin , Bolivia , Burkina Faso ...See More Countries , Burundi , Cambodia , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Costa Rica , Cuba , Djibouti , El Salvador , Ethiopia , Gambia , Georgia , Ghana , Grenada , Guatemala , Guyana , Haiti , Honduras , India , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Israel , Jamaica , Japan , Kenya , Lebanon , Lesotho , Liberia , Madagascar , Malawi , Mali , Mexico , Moldova , Mozambique , Myanmar , Namibia , Nepal , Nicaragua , Niger , Nigeria , North Korea , Pakistan , Panama , Paraguay , Peru , Philippines , Rwanda , Senegal , Sierra Leone , Somalia , South Africa , Sri Lanka , St. Lucia , Sudan , Swaziland , Tajikistan , Thailand , The Republic of South Sudan , Togo , Trinidad and Tobago , Uganda , Ukraine , Vanuatu , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
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Children/Youth
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Afghanistan , Albania , Algeria , Angola , Argentina , Australia , Austria , Azerbaijan , Bahama , Bangladesh ...See More Countries , Belarus , Belize , Benin , Bolivia , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Botswana , Brazil , Bulgaria , Burkina Faso , Cambodia , Cameroon , Canada , Central African Republic , Chile , China , Colombia , Congo , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Costa Rica , Cote d'Ivoire , Croatia , Cuba , Czech Republic , Denmark , Dominican Republic , Ecuador , Egypt , El Salvador , Eritrea , Estonia , Ethiopia , Falkland Islands , Fiji , Finland , France , French Guiana , Gabon , Georgia , Germany , Ghana , Greece , Greenland , Guatemala , Guinea , Guinea Ecuatorial , Guinea-Bissau , Guyana , Haiti , Honduras , Hungary , Iceland , India , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Ireland , Israel , Italy , Jamaica , Japan , Jordan , Kazakhstan , Kenya , Kyrgyzstan , Laos , Latvia , Liberia , Libya , Lithuania , Macedonia , Madagascar , Malawi , Malaysia , Mali , Mauritania , Mexico , Mongolia , Morocco , Mozambique , Myanmar , Namibia , Nepal , Netherlands , New Caledonia , New Zealand , Nicaragua , Niger , Nigeria , Norway , Oman , Pakistan , Panama , Papua New Guinea , Paraguay , Peru , Philippines , Poland , Portugal , Republic of Chad , Romania , Russia , SaudiArabia , Senegal , Serbia , Sierra Leone , Slovakia , Slovenia , Solomon Islands , Somalia , South Africa , Spain , Sri Lanka , Sudan , Suriname , Svalbard , Sweden , Switzerland , Syria , Tajikistan , Tanzania , Thailand , The Republic of South Sudan , Togo , Trinidad and Tobago , Tunisia , Turkey , Turkmenistan , UAE , Uganda , UK , Ukraine , United States of America , Uruguay , Uzbekistan , Vanuatu , Venezuela , Vietnam , Western Sahara , Yemen , Zambia , Zimbabwe Show Less Countries
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Locations
Afghanistan, Cuba, Haiti, Kenya, Panama, Philippines, Somalia, Uganda, United States of America, Zambia
Causes
Health
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Environment
Since Somalia remains one of the least developed and corrupt countries in the world, their natural resource management is dismal and there are virtually no safeguards in place to counteract the effects of climate change.1 Land degradation is a serious issue for Somalia because of the irreversible effects of unsustainable livestock breeding and other agricultural practices.2 Following the devastation of the civil war, environmental concerns have fallen in importance and relevant data is very scarce.3

Show References
1http://www.unep.org/disastersandconflicts/CountryOperations/UNEPsPastActivities/Somalia/tabid/54631/Default.aspx
2 Ibid
3 Ibid
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Somalia News

Minneapolis Star Tribune 
The United States ambassador to Somalia says the U.S. once again will have a permanent diplomatic presence in the country after it opens offices in Mogadishu ... See more..
ReliefWeb 
Nearly four years after withdrawing its teams from Somalia, MSF has started treating patients again in the country. Teams are providing support to Mudug Regional Hospital, Galkayo North, in Somalia's Puntland region, in collaboration with the Ministry ... See more..
Anadolu Agency 
The Somali foreign minister on Friday lauded a Turkish military training camp which is expected to open in Somalia in the coming months. ''This military training camp established by our Turkish friends will be the first professional training camp for ... See more..
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U.S. News & World Report 
A Somali woman walks past the scene of a suicide car bomb attack on a police station in Mogadishu, Somalia Thursday, June 22, 2017. A number of people are dead and several others wounded in the blast in Somalia's capital, police said Thursday, adding ... See more..
Public Finance International 
The commission's other recommendations included doing more to promote inclusion and human rights in UK aid to Somalia, and ensuring Britain's private sector contractors are subject to enough oversight as well as getting enough political support. See more..
TIME 
A military court in Somalia has sentenced a soldier to death by firing squad after he fatally shot the country's minister of public works. See more..
NPR 
In Somalia, photographer Nichole Sobecki saw how the worsening drought is transforming people's lives. See more..
Daily Mail 
A Somali-born Adelaide woman charged with supporting terrorism was 'mentored' by female jihadis and will escalate her plot to carry out a real-world attack if not kept in custody, prosecutors say. The 22-year-old, who came to Australia aged 14 and who ... See more..
ReliefWeb 
The Somalia Water and Land Information Management group reports that Somalia's April-to-June gu rainy season has likely concluded prematurely, following at least three weeks of below-average or no recorded rainfall in large parts of central, northern ... See more..
Washington Post 
MOGADISHU, Somalia — The Latest on deadly attack on restaurant in Somalia's capital (all times local):. ___. 5:05 p.m.. The United States is condemning the overnight attack on a popular restaurant in Somalia's capital that police say left at least 31 ... See more..
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Geography

Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia
Area

Total 637,657 sq km
Land 627,337 sq km
Water 10,320 sq km

Climate

principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
Natural Resources

uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves ;
Natural Hazards

recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season
Current Environmental Issues

famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Demographics

Nationality
Somali
Population
10,251,568 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia has maintained a healthy informal economy, largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings. Nomads and semi-pastoralists, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the population. Livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas are Somalia's principal exports, while sugar, sorghum, corn, qat, and machined goods are the principal imports. Somalia's small industrial sector, based on the processing of agricultural products, has largely been ...See More looted and the machinery sold as scrap metal. Somalia''s service sector has grown. Telecommunication firms provide wireless services in most major cities and offer the lowest international call rates on the continent. In the absence of a formal banking sector, money transfer/remittance services have sprouted throughout the country, handling up to $1.6 billion in remittances annually. Mogadishu''s main market offers a variety of goods from food to the newest electronic gadgets. Hotels continue to operate and are supported with private-security militias. Somalia''s arrears to the IMF have continued to grow. Somalia''s capital city - Mogadishu - has enjoyed a rebirth following the departure of al-Shabaab in August 2011. Mogadishu has witnessed the development of the city''s first gas stations, supermarkets, and flights between Europe (Istanbul-Mogadishu) since the collapse of central authority in 1991. This economic growth has yet to expand outside of Mogadishu. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$5.896 billion (2010 est.); $5.75 billion (2009 est.); $5.607 billion (2008 est.)
Agriculture Products

bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats; fish
Industries

a few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication