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Since Somalia remains one of the least developed and corrupt countries in the world, their natural resource management is dismal and there are virtually no safeguards in place to counteract the effects of climate change.1 Severe drought has caused widespread crop failure and loss of livestock, which threatens the livelihood and food source of over 6 million Somalis. The drought also places the country on the brink of its third famine in 25 years, the most recent of which occurred in 2011.2 Following the devastation of the civil war, environmental concerns have fallen in importance and relevant data is very scarce.1

Show References
1 http://staging.unep.org/disastersandconflicts/CountryOperations/UNEPsPastActivities/Somalia/tabid/54631/Default.aspx
2 http://www.unep.org/stories/story/stark-pictures-show-ravaged-land-and-desperate-people-somalia-and-east-africa-face-new-famine
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Somalia News

Quartz 
Nairobi Ibrahim Adow is a 24-year-old protocol officer working for Somalia's president. And in the hours and days since the country's deadliest attack took place, ... See more..
Washington Post 
After three days of mourning, thousands of men and women marched through the streets of Somalia's capital Wednesday, answering the Mogadishu mayor's call for unity in the wake of the country's deadliest terrorist attack, which occurred over the weekend. See more..
ABC News 
Anguished families scoured Somalia's capital Tuesday in search of scores still missing from Saturday's bomb blast that killed more than 300 people in one of the world's deadliest attacks in years. Sitting outside a hospital mortuary, Hodan Ali quietly ... See more..
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Chicago Tribune 
Still, analysts said there was little doubt the Islamic extremist group carried out the bombing, one of the deadliest in sub-Saharan Africa. "No other group in Somalia has the capacity to put together a bomb of this size, in this nature," said Matt ... See more..
Citizen TV (press release) 
Hundreds of Garissa residents turned up to donate blood for victims of the massive Somalia terror blast that claimed over 300 lives and injured many others. The donation drive, spearheaded by the Red Cross Society of Kenya, was held at the Garissa ... See more..
WGME 
LEWISTON, Maine (AP) -- A Maine man says his brother was one of the more than 300 people killed in a bomb blast in Mogadishu, Somalia. See more..
ReliefWeb 
The EU has been progressively increasing its annual humanitarian support to Somalia since 2016, in particular to respond to the severe drought affecting the country. It has allocated nearly €120 million to humanitarian partners in the country this year ... See more..
Aljazeera.com 
Heartache continues in Somalia, as the death toll from a truck bombing has risen above 300 people. Has the media covered this enough? And is the world as sympathetic to the victims of this attack as they would be if the blast took place in Europe or ... See more..
Voice of America 
Many banks have pulled out of the remittance industry over compliance fears. See more..
Daily Nation 
"I pray for the conversion of the violent and send my encouragement to all those who, in the face of enormous difficulties, work for peace in this martyred country," Pope Francis said at his weekly audience in St Peter's square. No-one has claimed ... See more..
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Geography

Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia
Area

Total 637,657 sq km
Land 627,337 sq km
Water 10,320 sq km

Climate

principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
Natural Resources

uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves ;
Natural Hazards

recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season
Current Environmental Issues

famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Demographics

Nationality
Somali
Population
10,251,568 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia has maintained a healthy informal economy, largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings. Nomads and semi-pastoralists, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the population. Livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas are Somalia's principal exports, while sugar, sorghum, corn, qat, and machined goods are the principal imports. Somalia's small industrial sector, based on the processing of agricultural products, has largely been ...See More looted and the machinery sold as scrap metal. Somalia''s service sector has grown. Telecommunication firms provide wireless services in most major cities and offer the lowest international call rates on the continent. In the absence of a formal banking sector, money transfer/remittance services have sprouted throughout the country, handling up to $1.6 billion in remittances annually. Mogadishu''s main market offers a variety of goods from food to the newest electronic gadgets. Hotels continue to operate and are supported with private-security militias. Somalia''s arrears to the IMF have continued to grow. Somalia''s capital city - Mogadishu - has enjoyed a rebirth following the departure of al-Shabaab in August 2011. Mogadishu has witnessed the development of the city''s first gas stations, supermarkets, and flights between Europe (Istanbul-Mogadishu) since the collapse of central authority in 1991. This economic growth has yet to expand outside of Mogadishu. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$5.896 billion (2010 est.); $5.75 billion (2009 est.); $5.607 billion (2008 est.)
Agriculture Products

bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats; fish
Industries

a few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication