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Spain

Spain

Summary

Spain has a rich history of wealthy monarchs and a historically powerful and vast empire. After their transition to democracy in 1975, they quickly became a powerful economic force and defender of human rights.
Spain is the fourth largest economy in the European Union, and they are a major player in international treaties and security.
1 https://www.britannica.com/place/Spain/Climate#toc70262
2 http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-17944958

Demographics

Nationality
Spanish
Population
47,370,542 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Explore Spain Subcases

Click and view Spain subcases and learn more about our Spain

Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
Poverty
Religion
Clean Water
Economy
Government
Health
Children
Animals

Environment

Because of its location as a peninsula, Spain experiences both Mediterranean and Saharan climate influences and northern mountainous cooler winds. The unique climate has made the government prioritize climate change policy.1

Family

Spain has a demographic typical of other western European countries with a low birth rate, aging population, and slow population growth. Nearly 20% of people are over the age of 65.1 Domestic abuse in Spain is less common than in surrounding nations, with an estimated that 13% of Spanish women experiencing abuse by a partner.2

Human Rights

The Spanish constitution protects freedom of assembly, speech, and press. The recent influx of Moroccan and other migrants has led to the Spanish government expelling these people with excessive force.1 Spain has a robust and effective system to combat human trafficking, and there are more cases brought to court each year.2

Education

The school system in Spain is well developed and funded. Nearly all children are enrolled in preschool programs, and 100% of children are enrolled in primary school.1 There is a high dropout rate, and only 57% of Spanish adults have completed upper secondary school, which is one of the lowest in Europe. Over 60% of 15 year olds say that they feel extreme pressure to perform well in school.1 The literacy rate is 98%.3

Poverty

Spain has one of the highest rates of child poverty in the European Union—an estimated 30%. Overall poverty rates peaked in 2014, but the numbers have been steadily decreasing since then to stand below 20%.1

Religion

The culture of Spain is steeped in Catholicism and its influence. The population is approximately 68% Roman Catholic, and almost 20% do not identify with any religion.1

Clean Water

Approximately 100% of the population has access to clean water and proper sanitation infrastructure.1

Economy

Since the global recession in 2008, Spain has been rebuilding its economy much slower than other European nations. Unemployment is still over 18% which is double that of other eurozone countries.1 One of the problems standing in the way of rebuilding their economy is the massive public debt which is equal to 99.5% of GDP. The major contributors to the GDP are textiles, apparel, food products, and manufacturing.2

Government

Spain is officially known as the Kingdom of Spain, and is a constitutional monarchy—with a king as chief of state and a prime minister as head of government.1 The Spanish government and legal system have been attempting to curb corruption by taking more cases to court and passing legislation to stop government officials and monarchs from using their power and money corruptly. There is a healthy democratic system with many political parties and free and fair elections.2

Health

There has been a recent uptick in the amount of suicides in Spain, and in 2016, 10 people killed themselves each day. This is the leading cause of unnatural death in Spain, and experts speculate there is a correlation between the struggling economy and the high suicide rate.1 Heart disease, Alzheimer's, and stroke are the most frequent causes of death.2 With high emphasis put on maternal and child health, the infant mortality rate is 3 deaths per 1,000 live births and the maternal mortality rate is 5 deaths per 100,000 live births, both of which are some of the lowest in the world. The life expectancy is 82.3

Children

30% of children in Spain live in poverty which is one of the highest rates in Europe.1 15% of the total population of Spain is children under the age of 14.2

Animals

Due to its proximity to Africa, Spain has some animals indigenous to Africa living within its borders. Common species include barbary apes, ibex, and deer. There are desert locusts and reptiles found in the south, and many bird species migrate through Spain.1

Spain

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