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Tuvalu

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Environment
Since Tuvalu is comprised of nine low-lying atolls, the country is very vulnerable to the adverse effects of change.1<,sup> Some of these effects are the acidification of ocean water, ground water contamination, and rising sea and temperature levels.2 The government has made adaptation to these changes a national priority.3 The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade, Tourism, and Environment has signed an agreement with the UNDP to receive assistance.4

Show References
1 http://www.thegef.org/gef/news/tuvalu-signs-agreement-climate-change-project
2-4 Ibid
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Tuvalu News

Radio New Zealand 
The importance of small boat safety in the region is being reiterated by the Pacific Community after the successful rescue of two fishermen in Tuvalu. The Tuvaluans, Semi Saaga and Foe Taalava, were trolling off Fuafatu in Funafuti in February when ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen has accepted the credentials of Tuvalu's new Ambassador to Taiwan, Limasene Teatu. Thanking Tuvalu for its continuous support for Taiwan's bid to join the United Nations, Tsai said that it's been 38 years since diplomatic ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The importance of small boat safety in the region is being reiterated by the Pacific Community (SPC) after the successful rescue of two fishermen in Tuvalu. The two Tuvaluans Semi Saaga and Foe Taalava had been trolling off of Fuafatu in Funafuti on ... See more..
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Pakistan Today 
WASHINGTON – White House press secretary Sean Spicer confirmed Thursday that the Trump administration plans to add the Polynesian island nation Tuvalu to the list of countries in the next draft of the proposed travel ban, in order to circumvent ... See more..
Taiwan News 
TAIPEI (Taiwan News) - Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen on Thursday received a letter of credence from the new Tuvalu's Ambassador to Taiwan, Limasene Teatu, and expressed her thanks for Tuvalu's support for Taiwan's international participation bids. See more..
Saipan Tribune 
NOUMEA, New Caledonia—The successful rescue of two fishermen at sea in Tuvalu, after they set off the personal locator beacon from their emergency “grab bags” demonstrates how a relatively simple gesture and small investment in proper equipment and ... See more..
STA - Slovenska Tiskovna Agencija (subscription) 
Tuvalu, the 26 square kilometre island with 10,000 inhabitants, also has the desire to become a member of the International Federation of Football Associations shortly. "The process is under way. The Oceania Football Confederation will decide in a few ... See more..
Newsworks.org 
Lawyer Trevor Zohs represented a family that left the tiny Pacific island-nation of Tuvalu, in 2007, and settled in New Zealand. In 2012 they sought permanent status. They claimed to be climate refugees. Zohs said that bid failed, because legally ... See more..
Bangor Daily News 
Tuvalu, a group of low-lying islands in the Pacific Ocean, is under extreme threat from rising sea levels. Frequent storm surges and increasing salinization are killing the coconut palms and making crops difficult to grow. Come for a first-hand report ... See more..
Scoop.co.nz (press release) 
Immigration Instructions recognise the special relationship between New Zealand and Samoa and the Pacific Access Category countries of Tonga, Tuvalu, Kiribati and Fiji. Each year up to 1100 Samoan citizens, 250 Tongan and Fijian citizens and 75 ... See more..
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Geography

Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Area

Total 26 sq km
Land 26 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March) ;
Natural Resources

fish ;
Natural Hazards

severe tropical storms are usually rare, but in 1997 there were three cyclones; low levels of islands make them sensitive to changes in sea level
Current Environmental Issues

since there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable, most water needs must be met by catchment systems with storage facilities (the Japanese Government has built one desalination plant and plans to build one other); beachhead erosion because of the use of sand for building materials; excessive clearance of forest undergrowth for use as fuel; damage to coral reefs from the spread of the Crown of Thorns starfish; Tuvalu is concerned about global increases in greenhouse gas emissions and their effect on rising sea levels, which threaten the country's underground water table; in 2000, the government appealed ...See More to Australia and New Zealand to take in Tuvaluans if rising sea levels should make evacuation necessary Show Less ;

Demographics

Nationality
Tuvaluan
Population
10,698 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Tuvalu consists of a densely populated, scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil. Only eight of the atolls are inhabited. The country has no known mineral resources and few exports and is almost entirely dependent upon imported food and fuel. Subsistence farming and fishing are the primary economic activities. Fewer than 1,000 tourists, on average, visit Tuvalu annually. Job opportunities are scarce and public sector workers make up most of those employed. About 15% of the adult male population work as seamen on merchant ships abroad, and remittances are a vital source of income contributing around $2 million ...See More in 2007. Substantial income is received annually from the Tuvalu Trust Fund (TTF) an international trust fund established in 1987 by Australia, NZ, and the UK and supported also by Japan and South Korea. Thanks to wise investments and conservative withdrawals, this fund grew from an initial $17 million to an estimated value of $77 million in 2006. The TTF contributed nearly $9 million towards the government budget in 2006 and is an important cushion for meeting shortfalls in the government's budget. The US Government is also a major revenue source for Tuvalu because of payments from a 1988 treaty on fisheries. In an effort to ensure financial stability and sustainability, the government is pursuing public sector reforms, including privatization of some government functions and personnel cuts. Tuvalu also derives royalties from the lease of its ".tv" Internet domain name with revenue of more than $2 million in 2006. A minor source of government revenue comes from the sale of stamps and coins. With merchandise exports only a fraction of merchandise imports, continued reliance must be placed on fishing and telecommunications license fees, remittances from overseas workers, official transfers, and income from overseas investments. Growing income disparities and the vulnerability of the country to climatic change are among leading concerns for the nation. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$37.61 million (2012 est.); $37.25 million (2011 est.); $36.98 million (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

coconuts; fish
Industries

fishing, tourism, copra