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Tuvalu

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Health
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Environment
Since Tuvalu is comprised of nine low-lying atolls, the country is very vulnerable to the adverse effects of change.1<,sup> Some of these effects are the acidification of ocean water, ground water contamination, and rising sea and temperature levels.2 The government has made adaptation to these changes a national priority.3 The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade, Tourism, and Environment has signed an agreement with the UNDP to receive assistance.4

Show References
1 http://www.thegef.org/gef/news/tuvalu-signs-agreement-climate-change-project
2-4 Ibid
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Tuvalu News

ReliefWeb 
It is a pleasure and an honour for me to be here and to deliver a few remarks. In a few days from now (June 5-9), the United Nations is convening a high-level dialogue in New York, commonly referred to as Oceans Conference. The theme of the conference ... See more..
Coin World 
The ghost-hunting fictional scientists played by actors Bill Murray, Dan Akroyd and Harold Ramis now appear on a colorful Reverse Proof .9999 fine silver dollar from Tuvalu. Ghostbusters is a blockbuster supernatural and science fiction comedy film ... See more..
ReliefWeb 
Funafuti, Tuvalu - Tuvalu can now boast of housing a state-of-the-art Tide Gauge facility which will provide high quality sea level, climate and geodetic information that will assist with better planning and preparedness. This new tide gauge was ... See more..
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Radio New Zealand 
The consultation involved national and local government personnel, private sector representatives and others, who have formed a taskforce to monitor Tuvalu's mandate once it ratifies PACER-Plus. According to the government, potential challenges of the ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The Tuvalu Parliament is developing a strategic plan for the first time with the help of the UNDP's Pacific Office. The Tuvalu parliamentary speaker Otinielu Tauteleimalae Tausi says for parliament to function properly and efficiently, it needs to be ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The Prime Minister of Tuvalu Enele Sopoaga says the US withdrawal from the Paris Agreement is distressing and destructive and will affect relations between the two countries. The US president Donald Trump announced the withdrawal today from the ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
He also said unreported and unregulated fishing resulted in an estimated 26 million tonnes disappearing from the oceans annually, damaging the marine ecosystem and efforts at sustainability. Tuvalu, as part of its commitment, pledged to reserve 10 ... See more..
Fiji Times 
PEOPLE who flee their country as a result of climate change must never be considered as a "refugee", says Tuvalu Prime Minister, Enele Sopoaga. Mr Sopoaga made this comment when asked if the Tuvaluan Government planned to make a submission to ... See more..
Inverse 
For low-lying nation states like the Maldives, Tuvalu, the Marshall Islands, and Kiribati, it's not a question of if, but when. Keeping the world to two degrees Celsius of warming, the stated goal of the Paris Agreement on climate change, would still ... See more..
NOS 
Miljoenen Nederlanders gaan deze zomer op vakantie in het buitenland, vooral naar Frankrijk, Spanje en Duitsland. Maar wil je nou weg van het massatoerisme en ben je op zoek naar een originelere reisbestemming, dan is Tuvalu the place to be. See more..
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Geography

Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Area

Total 26 sq km
Land 26 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)
Natural Resources

fish ;
Natural Hazards

severe tropical storms are usually rare, but in 1997 there were three cyclones; low levels of islands make them sensitive to changes in sea level
Current Environmental Issues

since there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable, most water needs must be met by catchment systems with storage facilities (the Japanese Government has built one desalination plant and plans to build one other); beachhead erosion because of the use of sand for building materials; excessive clearance of forest undergrowth for use as fuel; damage to coral reefs from the spread of the Crown of Thorns starfish; Tuvalu is concerned about global increases in greenhouse gas emissions and their effect on rising sea levels, which threaten the country's underground water table; in 2000, the government appealed ...See More to Australia and New Zealand to take in Tuvaluans if rising sea levels should make evacuation necessary Show Less

Demographics

Nationality
Tuvaluan
Population
10,698 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Tuvalu consists of a densely populated, scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil. Only eight of the atolls are inhabited. The country has no known mineral resources and few exports and is almost entirely dependent upon imported food and fuel. Subsistence farming and fishing are the primary economic activities. Fewer than 1,000 tourists, on average, visit Tuvalu annually. Job opportunities are scarce and public sector workers make up most of those employed. About 15% of the adult male population work as seamen on merchant ships abroad, and remittances are a vital source of income contributing around $2 million ...See More in 2007. Substantial income is received annually from the Tuvalu Trust Fund (TTF) an international trust fund established in 1987 by Australia, NZ, and the UK and supported also by Japan and South Korea. Thanks to wise investments and conservative withdrawals, this fund grew from an initial $17 million to an estimated value of $77 million in 2006. The TTF contributed nearly $9 million towards the government budget in 2006 and is an important cushion for meeting shortfalls in the government's budget. The US Government is also a major revenue source for Tuvalu because of payments from a 1988 treaty on fisheries. In an effort to ensure financial stability and sustainability, the government is pursuing public sector reforms, including privatization of some government functions and personnel cuts. Tuvalu also derives royalties from the lease of its ".tv" Internet domain name with revenue of more than $2 million in 2006. A minor source of government revenue comes from the sale of stamps and coins. With merchandise exports only a fraction of merchandise imports, continued reliance must be placed on fishing and telecommunications license fees, remittances from overseas workers, official transfers, and income from overseas investments. Growing income disparities and the vulnerability of the country to climatic change are among leading concerns for the nation. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$37.61 million (2012 est.); $37.25 million (2011 est.); $36.98 million (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

coconuts; fish
Industries

fishing, tourism, copra