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Tuvalu

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Environment
Since Tuvalu is comprised of nine low-lying atolls, the country is very vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Some of these effects are the acidification of ocean water, ground water contamination, and rising sea and temperature levels.1 In 2015, the island was devastated by Cyclone Pam which caused massive flooding and destroyed many homes. The Australian government sent financial assistance and advised Tuvalu on preparation measures for future natural disasters.2

Show References
1 https://www.thoughtco.com/geography-and-history-of-tuvalu-1435673
2 http://dfat.gov.au/geo/tuvalu/development-assistance/Pages/objective-3-environment-and-climate-change.aspx
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Tuvalu News

Radio New Zealand 
Mr Sopoaga said Tuvalu would not vote for any country which did not support climate change as a security issue and a permanent item on the UN Security Council agenda. He called for scaled-up financing for climate change, saying new climate finance must ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
Paufi Afelee said many visitors come to Tuvalu for development projects and research but some of the tourists who arrive are sceptics who think climate change is a hoax. She said tourists who see the impact of global warming on Tuvalu are the ones who ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
Tuvalu's tourism authorities are looking at how they can grow the industry in a sustainable way that also spreads the story of how they are adapting to climate change. The United Nations tourism organisation says last year Tuvalu was the least visited ... See more..
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Radio New Zealand 
According to the Nauru government the park is being developed by Tuvalu as part of its preparation towards hosting the 2019 Pacific Islands Forum leaders meeting. It said a landing craft from Vanuatu will come to Nauru to load and transport the ... See more..
Radio New Zealand 
The International Solar Alliance was launched by India in late 2015 and has about 40 countries as members. The Alliance's aim is to undertake innovative efforts to develop solar power technology at a reduced cost. India's government said the Alliance ... See more..
Reliefweb 
The tools, which included the Cook Islands State of Environment (SOE) Report, the Republic of Marshall Islands SOE Report, the Vanuatu National Environment Policy and Implementation Plan, and the Tuvalu National Environment Management Strategy ... See more..
Taiwan News 
TAIPEI (Taiwan News) – President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) will start on a journey to three allies in the Pacific – the Marshall Islands, Tuvalu and the Solomon Islands – later this month, the Presidential Office announced Friday. Due to pressure from ... See more..
The New Daily 
The suggestion global warming was beneficial because “far more people die in cold snaps” also raised eyebrows in the tiny South Pacific nation of Tuvalu, where global warming was “already like a weapon of mass destruction”, according to Prime Minister ... See more..
Fiji Times 
Update: 5:14PM THE people of the island nation of Tuvalu today marked the 39th anniversary of their independence. Fiji Islands President Major-General (Ret'd) Jioji Konrote officiated at the event, accompanied by the first lady, Sarote. Mr Konrote said ... See more..
Zee Business 
Fiji, Niger and Tuvalu have formally joined the International Solar Alliance, an association of countries that seek to ramp up production of solar energy, the New & Renewable Energy Ministry said today. The three countries deposited instrument of ... See more..
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Geography

Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Area

Total 26 sq km
Land 26 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)
Natural Resources

fish ;
Natural Hazards

severe tropical storms are usually rare, but in 1997 there were three cyclones; low levels of islands make them sensitive to changes in sea level
Current Environmental Issues

since there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable, most water needs must be met by catchment systems with storage facilities (the Japanese Government has built one desalination plant and plans to build one other); beachhead erosion because of the use of sand for building materials; excessive clearance of forest undergrowth for use as fuel; damage to coral reefs from the spread of the Crown of Thorns starfish; Tuvalu is concerned about global increases in greenhouse gas emissions and their effect on rising sea levels, which threaten the country's underground water table; in 2000, the government appealed ...See More to Australia and New Zealand to take in Tuvaluans if rising sea levels should make evacuation necessary Show Less

Demographics

Nationality
Tuvaluan
Population
10,698 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Tuvalu consists of a densely populated, scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil. Only eight of the atolls are inhabited. The country has no known mineral resources and few exports and is almost entirely dependent upon imported food and fuel. Subsistence farming and fishing are the primary economic activities. Fewer than 1,000 tourists, on average, visit Tuvalu annually. Job opportunities are scarce and public sector workers make up most of those employed. About 15% of the adult male population work as seamen on merchant ships abroad, and remittances are a vital source of income contributing around $2 million ...See More in 2007. Substantial income is received annually from the Tuvalu Trust Fund (TTF) an international trust fund established in 1987 by Australia, NZ, and the UK and supported also by Japan and South Korea. Thanks to wise investments and conservative withdrawals, this fund grew from an initial $17 million to an estimated value of $77 million in 2006. The TTF contributed nearly $9 million towards the government budget in 2006 and is an important cushion for meeting shortfalls in the government's budget. The US Government is also a major revenue source for Tuvalu because of payments from a 1988 treaty on fisheries. In an effort to ensure financial stability and sustainability, the government is pursuing public sector reforms, including privatization of some government functions and personnel cuts. Tuvalu also derives royalties from the lease of its ".tv" Internet domain name with revenue of more than $2 million in 2006. A minor source of government revenue comes from the sale of stamps and coins. With merchandise exports only a fraction of merchandise imports, continued reliance must be placed on fishing and telecommunications license fees, remittances from overseas workers, official transfers, and income from overseas investments. Growing income disparities and the vulnerability of the country to climatic change are among leading concerns for the nation. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$37.61 million (2012 est.); $37.25 million (2011 est.); $36.98 million (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

coconuts; fish
Industries

fishing, tourism, copra