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Venezuela

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Organizations in Venezuela View all

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Argentina , Bolivia , Chile , Colombia , Cuba , Dominican Republic , Ecuador , Guatemala , Honduras , Mexico ...See More Countries , Paraguay , Peru , Uruguay , Venezuela Show Less Countries
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Religion
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Education
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Causes
Health
At Medical Ambassadors International we build relationships with the world’s most vulnerable people and together we work to heal communities both physically and spiritually.

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Human Rights
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Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
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Children/Youth
Environment
Venezuela faces major environmental issues pertaining to pollution, deforestation, and diminishing biodiversity.1 The country also is under threat of rapid deforestation, with more than 290,000 hectares of forests getting destroyed each year.2 Other environmental issues throughout the country include sewage pollution, overfishing, and threats to the rainforest ecosystem due to poor mining practices.3 Venezuela was also a participating country in the Symposium for Climate Change in 2013 held in South America.4 The symposium was designed to share information on building resilience to climate change, as well as determining the financial costs of mitigation programs.5 Venezuela is ranked ninth in the world for biodiversity and is home to 15, 820 species of plants and 137,000 animal species.

Show References
1 http://www.globalissues.org/news/2011/06/13/10071
2 Ibid.
3 http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/156840/
4http://intercambioclimatico.com/en/2013/11/20/adaptation-adaptation-adaptation-migration-climate-change-and-national-adaptation-plans-in-south-america/
5 Ibid
Hide References

Venezuela News

Forbes 
The economic horror in Venezuela continues to unfold--the Bolivarian socialists have achieved the entirely remarkable feat of making Cubans flee the country in search of a better life. Seriously, Cubans, from a poverty stricken socialist dictatorship ... See more..
New York Times 
On a wall draped by a Venezuelan flag during a protest against President Nicolás Maduro in Caracas, Venezuela, in October. Credit Alejandro Cegarra/Associated Press. WASHINGTON — Latin American and Caribbean nations have been plagued by ... See more..
ABC News 
A Colombian official said a four-day incursion into the country by Venezuelan troops may have been linked to Colombia's call for elections in the troubled, neighboring south American nation. Around 60 Venezuelan soldiers crossed the border into ... See more..
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The Detroit News 
Caracas, Venezuela — For the past 25 years, after he immigrated penniless to Venezuela from Portugal, Eduardo Dos Santos has personally taken care of the loyal clients at Mansion's Bakery. But now the downtown Caracas corner store is in the hands of ... See more..
TIME 
Over the last four years, as Venezuela descended into economic and social chaos, Meridith Kohut, a Houston-born photographer based in Caracas, built one of the most complete photographic chronicles of the country's collapse. Working for the New York ... See more..
Nasdaq 
By Brendan PiersonMarch 24 (Reuters) - A U.S. judge on Friday refused to overturn the conviction of two nephews of Venezuela's first lady on charges that they tried to carry out a multimillion-dollar drug deal to help their family stay in power ... See more..
Foreign Policy (blog) 
As if the political and economic chaos wracking Venezuela wasn't worrying enough, a couple of recent stories underscore the potential national security threat brewing there. First, last month's designation of Venezuela's vice president, Tareck El ... See more..
BBC News 
Police say two soldiers were attacked and killed by a gang of children, some as young as six. See more..
PanAm Post 
Español Fourteen countries in the Organization of American States called on the Venezuelan government to hold elections this year and to release political prisoners. This Thursday, March 13, over a dozen of the countries in the international alliance ... See more..
Wall Street Journal (subscription) 
MEXICO CITY—The U.S., Canada and Latin America's leading nations have agreed to challenge Venezuela's authoritarian regime, a joint effort that wouldn't have been possible until a recent political shift away from leftist populism across the region. See more..
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Geography

Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana
Area

Total 912,050 sq km
Land 882,050 sq km
Water 30,000 sq km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands ;
Natural Resources

petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds ;
Natural Hazards

subject to floods, rockslides, mudslides; periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

sewage pollution of Lago de Valencia; oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo; deforestation; soil degradation; urban and industrial pollution, especially along the Caribbean coast; threat to the rainforest ecosystem from irresponsible mining operations ;

Demographics

Nationality
Venezuelan
Population
28,459,085 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Venezuela remains highly dependent on oil revenues, which account for roughly 95% of export earnings, about 45% of federal budget revenues, and around 12% of GDP. Fueled by high oil prices, record government spending helped to boost GDP growth by 4.2% in 2011, after a sharp drop in oil prices caused an economic contraction in 2009-10. Government spending, minimum wage hikes, and improved access to domestic credit created an increase in consumption which combined with supply problems to cause higher inflation - roughly 26% in 2011 and 21% in 2012. President Hugo CHAVEZ's efforts to increase the government's control of ...See More the economy by nationalizing firms in the agribusiness, financial, construction, oil, and steel sectors have hurt the private investment environment, reduced productive capacity, and slowed non-petroleum exports. In the first half of 2010 Venezuela faced the prospect of lengthy nationwide blackouts when its main hydroelectric power plant - which provides more than 35% of the country's electricity - nearly shut down. In May 2010, CHAVEZ closed the unofficial foreign exchange market - the "parallel market" - in an effort to stem inflation and slow the currency's depreciation. In June 2010, the government created the "Transaction System for Foreign Currency Denominated Securities" to replace the "parallel" market. In December 2010, CHAVEZ eliminated the dual exchange rate system and unified the exchange rate at 4.3 bolivars per dollar. In January 2011, CHAVEZ announced the second devaluation of the bolivar within twelve months. In December 2010, the National Assembly passed a package of five organic laws designed to complete the transformation of the Venezuelan economy in line with CHAVEZ's vision of 21st century socialism. In 2012, Venezuela continued to wrestle with a housing crisis, high inflation, an electricity crisis, and rolling food and goods shortages - all of which were fallout from the government's unorthodox economic policies. The budget deficit for the entire government reached 17% of GDP in 2012, and public debt as a percent of GDP climbed steeply to 49%, despite record oil prices. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$408.5 billion (2012 est.); $387.1 billion (2011 est.); $371.5 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

28.9% of GDP (2012 est.); 30.8% of GDP (2011 est.); 24.2% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

corn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, bananas, vegetables, coffee; beef, pork, milk, eggs; fish
Industries

petroleum, construction materials, food processing, textiles; iron ore mining, steel, aluminum; motor vehicle assembly, chemical products, paper products