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Armenia

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Causes
Clean Water, Health, Poverty, Children/Youth, Religion
Relief and development organization helping children worldwide by tackling causes of poverty and developing access to clean water, food, health care, education, and economic opportunities.
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Children/Youth
At Eevah, we create beautiful jewelry with the desire to impact lives around the world. At the heart of our company is the passion to help children in under-resourced areas of the world.
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Afghanistan , Angola , Armenia , Azerbaijan , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Cote d'Ivoire , Ethiopia , Georgia , Guinea , Indonesia ...See More Countries , Iraq , Jordan , Liberia , Mozambique , Pakistan , Republic of Chad , Rwanda , Sierra Leone , Sudan , The Republic of South Sudan , Uganda Show Less Countries
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Human Rights
Air Serv International is a nonprofit humanitarian aviation organization which provides safe and reliable air transport services for humanitarian aid organizations into the world's most difficult to reach areas.
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Children/Youth, Environment
ACDI/VOCA is an economic development organization that fosters broad-based economic growth, raises living standards, and creates vibrant communities.
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Causes We Support

Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
Poverty
Religion
Clean Water
Economy
Government
Health
Children/Youth
Animals
Environment
The negative effects of climate change on the agricultural sector will have ramifications for the entire population of Armenia, since the vast majority of the rural population relies on agricultural outputs for their sole source of income.1 The government has been developing interactive workshops and educational talks that will engage farmers in various ways to mitigate the changes in the climate. Currently, climate resilience and disaster prevention are the main focuses of the government regarding the environment.2 The capital city, Yerevan, hosted a dialogue recently on climate change and the impact on the nationâ's national security.3

Show References
1http://reliefweb.int/report/armenia/reducing-vulnerability-armenias-agricultural-systems-climate-change-impact-assessment
2 Ibid
3 http://www.osce.org/yerevan/118424
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Armenia News

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Geography

Southwestern Asia, between Turkey (to the west) and Azerbaijan
Area

Total 29,743 sq km
Land 28,203 sq km
Water 1,540 sq km

Climate

highland continental, hot summers, cold winters
Natural Resources

small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite ;
Natural Hazards

occasionally severe earthquakes; droughts
Current Environmental Issues

soil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; the energy crisis of the 1990s led to deforestation when citizens scavenged for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan), a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies; restart of Metsamor nuclear power plant in spite of its location in a seismically active zone

Demographics

Nationality
Armenian
Population
2,974,184 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

After several years of double-digit economic growth, Armenia faced a severe economic recession with GDP declining more than 14% in 2009, despite large loans from multilateral institutions. Sharp declines in the construction sector and workers' remittances, particularly from Russia, led the downturn. The economy began to recover in 2010 with 2.1% growth, and picked up to 4.6% growth in 2011, before slowing to 3.8% in 2012. Under the old Soviet central planning system, Armenia developed a modern industrial sector, supplying machine tools, textiles, and other manufactured goods to sister republics, in exchange for raw materials and energy. Armenia has since ...See More switched to small-scale agriculture and away from the large agroindustrial complexes of the Soviet era. Since August 2011, Armenia experienced a sharp 15 percent currency depreciation and an increase in the unemployment rate. Armenia's geographic isolation, a narrow export base, and pervasive monopolies in important business sectors have made it particularly vulnerable to the sharp deterioration in the global economy and the economic downturn in Russia. Armenia has only two open trade borders - Iran and Georgia - because its borders with Azerbaijan and Turkey have been closed since 1991 and 1993, respectively, as a result of Armenia's ongoing conflict with Azerbaijan over the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region. Armenia is particularly dependent on Russian commercial and governmental support and most key Armenian infrastructure is Russian-owned and/or managed, especially in the energy sector. The electricity distribution system was privatized in 2002 and bought by Russia's RAO-UES in 2005. Natural gas is primarily imported from Russia but construction of a pipeline to deliver natural gas from Iran to Armenia was completed in December 2008, and gas deliveries expanded after the April 2010 completion of the Yerevan Thermal Power Plant. Armenia's severe trade imbalance has been offset somewhat by international aid, remittances from Armenians working abroad, and foreign direct investment. Armenia joined the WTO in January 2003. The government made some improvements in tax and customs administration in recent years, but anti-corruption measures have been ineffective and the economic downturn has led to a sharp drop in tax revenue and forced the government to accept large loan packages from Russia, the IMF, and other international financial institutions. Amendments to tax legislation, including the introduction of the first ever "luxury tax" in 2011, aim to increase the ratio of budget revenues to GDP, which still remains at low levels. Armenia will need to pursue additional economic reforms and to strengthen the rule of law in order to regain economic growth and improve economic competitiveness and employment opportunities, especially given its economic isolation from two of its nearest neighbors, Turkey and Azerbaijan. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$19.97 billion (2012 est.); $18.63 billion (2011 est.); $17.8 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

20.7% of GDP (2012 est.); 18.9% of GDP (2011 est.); 16.7% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock
Industries

diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy, mining