Learn more about specific causes in Brunei Darussalam that you can get involved in.
EnvironmentBrunei is party to agreements on biodiversity, climate change, desertification, endangered species, hazardous wastes, law of the sea, ozone protection and ship pollution.1 Brunei is both coastal plain and hilly lowland with a tropical climate. The nation experiences occasional, infrequent, natural hazards: typhoons, earthquakes and flooding.2
FamilyFull implementation of the Shari’a penal code poses threats to women’s rights, according to Amnesty International, requiring unmarried women to remain in the home of their nuclear family or other guardian. Adultery, sodomoy and rape would be punishable by stoning or lashing under the implementation of phase three of the Shari’a penal code.1 Maternal and infant mortality rates are fairly low.2 Official data pertaining to Brunei’s stance on child marriage is unavailable.3
Human RightsThe Human Rights Watch’s latest report lacks any information on human rights in Brunei.1 Amnesty International reports that Brunei’s lack of transparency creates difficulty in monitoring the protection of human rights in the nation.2 However, Amnesty International cites concern that, if fully implemented, the Shari’a penal code would impede the rights of Bruneian citizens, inhibiting freedom of speech, expression and religion, and further reducing the rights of women. Adultery, sodomoy and rape would be punishable by stoning or lashing under the implementation of phase three of the Shari’a penal code.3
EducationSince Brunei is a small, wealthy country, the government is able to provide an extensive welfare system that allows for free education through university level, and free health care, for its 443,593 citizens, all without personal income taxes.1 The average child is in school for 15 years, and the literacy rate is at 96 percent.2 Education accounts for 4.4 percent of Brunei’s GDP.3 Non-citizen children encounter barriers in accessing education, having to apply for their enrollment and pay monthly fees to the school.4
PovertyThere is no official data available on population below the poverty line in Brunei. 9.6 percent of children under the age of 5 are underweight. The GDP per capita is $78,200, and the unemployment rate is 6.9 percent.1
ReligionIslam is the official religion of Brunei and accounts for 78 percent of the population, with Christianity accounting for 8.7 percent of the population, Buddhism for 7.8 percent and 4.7 percent identifying with another faith.1 Shari’a penal code applies to Muslim and non-Muslim citizens alike.2
Clean WaterBrunei reportedly has high standards for water quality,1 but there are no official national statistics on the percentage of the population with or without access to modern sanitation facilities and clean water sources.2
EconomyThough Brunei is a small nation of just under half a million people, it has strong economic infrastructure, an educated workforce and stable government. The nation focuses largely on foreign investment.1 Brunei’s GDP per capita is $78,200, one of the highest in the world.2 Its leading exports are mineral fuels and organic chemicals, and the majority of the Bruneian workforce is in industries, like petroleum, natural gas, construction or transportation.3 The unemployment rate is 6.9 percent.4 Bruneians do not pay personal income taxes, and are provided free medical services and education.5
GovernmentBrunei Darussalam is formally known as an absolute monarchy or sultanate, and is often called Brunei in its short form.1 The current sultanate family has been in power for the last 600 years.2 All political power in Brunei is concentrated in the sultan, as he acts as both the chief of state and head of government.3 Brunei is a largely Islamic state, and adheres to Shari’a penal code. The first of three phases of the penal code was rolled out in 2014; this code applies to both Muslim and non-Muslim citizens.4
HealthBrunei’s life expectancy at birth is 77 years, and the infant and maternal mortality rates are fairly low.1 The Bruneian government provides free health care to all of its citizens.2 Heart disease, strokes and diabetes are the leading causes of death in Brunei.3
ChildrenJust over 23 percent of the Bruneian population is under the age of 15.1 The infant mortality rate is relatively low, at just 9.6 percent per 1,000 members of the population, but approximately 9 percent of children under the age of 5 are underweight.2 The Bruneian government’s does not imprison juvenile criminals, rather, juvenile offenders are placed in detention or rehabilitation centers, and the maximum service time cannot exceed 6 months. In 2013, the Bruneian government amended the Children and Young Person’s Order, allowing juveniles to perform community service rather than spend time in a detention center.3
AnimalsBrunei is home to the proboscis monkey, the black and yellow broadbill, green crested lizard, python and sun bear.1 Brunei is party to agreements on biodiversity, endangered species and law of the sea.2 Brunei is both coastal plain and hilly lowland with a tropical climate.3
Check out the latest news and articles about Brunei Darussalam.
Share about your experience with Brunei Darussalam for the world to see.
PWI STORYTELLERSHARE YOUR STORY NOW
Give your spare change automatically to help Brunei Darussalam.Create a SWIPE ACCOUNT
Connect your card today to start giving your spare change.
The easiest way to make a real difference for Brunei Darussalam.
Download our browser extension and make every tab you open and ever web search you make will raise money for Brunei Darussalam.DOWNLOAD NOW
Create your very own campaign to help raise money for Brunei Darussalam.Create a GroupGive Campaign
What will you do for Brunei Darussalam? Start your fundraiser today and make an impact.