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Ethiopia

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Approximately 60% of the land in Ethiopia is considered arid and the remaining 40% has agricultural potential.1 With urbanization and the increased impact of human living on the environment, Ethiopia must develop ways to responsibly manage their natural resources.2 Air pollution, land degradation as the result of agricultural activities, and the effects of industrial wastes on water purity constitute the major problems facing Ethiopia's environment.3 Of these concerns, addressing Ethiopiaâ's management of its land resources is deemed to be the most critical.4 Ethiopia is particularly vulnerable to climate change. The average temperature is expected to rise 3 degrees due to the effects of climate change.5

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1 http://www.unep.org/delc/Portals/119/publications/Speeches/ETHIOPIA.pdf
2-5 Ibid

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Ethiopia News

The Independent 
Millions of people in Ethiopia require “immediate life-saving intervention” after a severe drought and major flash floods have devastated livestock and crops, the ... See more..
Voice of America 
Despite being seven months pregnant, Mesno Taha left her home in Harerge, Ethiopia to find peace and a better future. She trekked to the Somali zone of Ethiopia, crossed the border into Somalia and paid to board a boat bound for Yemen. After traveling ... See more..
Premium Times 
Ethiopia says the Nile Dam project poses no threat to Egypt water supply. The Ethiopian Government said it would not halt the on-going Renaissance Dam Project on the disputed Nile river "for a single second" due to pressure and war threats from Egypt. See more..
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Wairarapa Times Age 
Exploring rural Ethiopia has given Mauriceville's Alan Stuart tips on how he can farm when the region's predicted climate change effects kick in. A recent NIWA report has predicted that Wairarapa can expect a higher number of days of drought along with ... See more..
Awramba Times 
Awramba Times (Addis Ababa) – The government of Ethiopia has announced that the country is working on economic diplomacy through its foreign missions to attract foreign investment, as part of the government's overall effort to boost sustainable ... See more..
Tadias Magazine 
The documentary features a young Brooklyn-based African American teacher's journey of discovery to Ethiopia. According to the media release, “the 'work in progress' screening presents Ty Christen Joseph's (Chris) quest to discover more about his ... See more..
Anadolu Agency 
ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA - AUGUST 19: Ethiopian Christians hold a religious ceremony at Gola St. Michael Church as they celebrate Buhe Holiday in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on August 19, 2017. Buhe Holiday, a ceremony of the Ethiopian Orthodox church ... See more..
Citizen TV (press release) 
Livestock are dying in parts of Ethiopia that are overwhelmingly reliant on their milk as deepening drought pushes up the number of districts in need of life-saving aid by 19 percent, according to a report released on Thursday. At least 8.5 million ... See more..
Ezega 
Ethiopian-farmers-compensated-unrest August 19, 2017 - Coffe farmers in southern Ethiopia are receiving compensation for losses incurred in last year's unrest, reports the Ethiopian weekly English newspaper the Reporter. The Ethiopian farmers are ... See more..
Sudan Tribune 
August 19, 2017 (ADDIS ABABA) – The number of South Sudanese refugees living in Ethiopia as of 31 July 2017 was 382,322, a United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR) official disclosed on Friday. “The total number of arrivals since January 1 is 36,939, ... See more..
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Geography

Eastern Africa, west of Somalia
Area

Total 1,104,300 sq km
Land 1 million sq km
Water 104,300 sq km

Climate

tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Natural Resources

small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts

volcanism: volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley; Erta Ale (elev. 613 m), which has caused frequent lava flows in recent years, is the country's most active volcano; Dabbahu became active in 2005, causing evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Alayta, Dalaffilla, Dallol, Dama Ali, Fentale, Kone, Manda Hararo, and Manda-Inakir volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley; Erta Ale (elev. 613 m), which has caused frequent lava flows in recent years, is the country's most active volcano; Dabbahu became active in 2005, causing evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Alayta, Dalaffilla, Dallol, Dama Ali, Fentale, Kone, Manda Hararo, and Manda-Inakir
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management

Demographics

Nationality
Ethiopian
Population
93,877,025 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Ethiopia's economy is based on agriculture, which accounts for 46% of GDP and 85% of total employment. Coffee has been a major export crop. The agricultural sector suffers from poor cultivation practices and frequent drought, but recent joint efforts by the Government of Ethiopia and donors have strengthened Ethiopia's agricultural resilience, contributing to a reduction in the number of Ethiopians threatened with starvation. The banking, insurance, and micro-credit industries are restricted to domestic investors, but Ethiopia has attracted significant foreign investment in textiles, leather, commercial agriculture and manufacturing. Under Ethiopia's constitution, the state owns all land and provides long-term leases ...See More to the tenants; land use certificates are now being issued in some areas so that tenants have more recognizable rights to continued occupancy and hence make more concerted efforts to improve their leaseholds. While GDP growth has remained high, per capita income is among the lowest in the world. Ethiopia''s economy continues on its state-led Growth and Transformation Plan under its new leadership after Prime Minister MELE's death. The five-year economic plan has achieved high single-digit growth rates through government-led infrastructure expansion and commercial agriculture development. Ethiopia in 2013 plans to continue construction of its Grand Renaissance Dam on the Nile-the controversial multi-billion dollar effort to develop electricity for domestic consumption and export. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$105 billion (2012 est.); $98.13 billion (2011 est.); $91.29 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

22.1% of GDP (2012 est.); 22.9% of GDP (2011 est.); 23.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, khat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish
Industries

food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement