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Approximately 60% of the land in Ethiopia is considered arid and the remaining 40% has agricultural potential.1 With urbanization and the increased impact of human living on the environment, Ethiopia must develop ways to responsibly manage their natural resources.2 Air pollution, land degradation as the result of agricultural activities, and the effects of industrial wastes on water purity constitute the major problems facing Ethiopia's environment.3 Of these concerns, addressing Ethiopiaâ's management of its land resources is deemed to be the most critical.4 Ethiopia is particularly vulnerable to climate change. The average temperature is expected to rise 3 degrees due to the effects of climate change.5

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1 http://www.unep.org/delc/Portals/119/publications/Speeches/ETHIOPIA.pdf
2-5 Ibid

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Crowdfund Projects in Ethiopia View All
St Lukes Health Care Foundation, DBA Soddo Christian Hospital
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Ethiopia
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Health, Children/Youth, Poverty
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17518 days left
St Lukes Health Care Foundation, DBA Soddo Christian Hospital
Locations
Ethiopia
Causes
Health, Children/Youth, Poverty
0.00
out of 1000.00
0% complete
17518 days left

Ethiopia News

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Geography

Eastern Africa, west of Somalia
Area

Total 1,104,300 sq km
Land 1 million sq km
Water 104,300 sq km

Climate

tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Natural Resources

small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts

volcanism: volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley; Erta Ale (elev. 613 m), which has caused frequent lava flows in recent years, is the country's most active volcano; Dabbahu became active in 2005, causing evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Alayta, Dalaffilla, Dallol, Dama Ali, Fentale, Kone, Manda Hararo, and Manda-Inakir volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley; Erta Ale (elev. 613 m), which has caused frequent lava flows in recent years, is the country's most active volcano; Dabbahu became active in 2005, causing evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Alayta, Dalaffilla, Dallol, Dama Ali, Fentale, Kone, Manda Hararo, and Manda-Inakir
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management

Demographics

Nationality
Ethiopian
Population
93,877,025 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Ethiopia's economy is based on agriculture, which accounts for 46% of GDP and 85% of total employment. Coffee has been a major export crop. The agricultural sector suffers from poor cultivation practices and frequent drought, but recent joint efforts by the Government of Ethiopia and donors have strengthened Ethiopia's agricultural resilience, contributing to a reduction in the number of Ethiopians threatened with starvation. The banking, insurance, and micro-credit industries are restricted to domestic investors, but Ethiopia has attracted significant foreign investment in textiles, leather, commercial agriculture and manufacturing. Under Ethiopia's constitution, the state owns all land and provides long-term leases ...See More to the tenants; land use certificates are now being issued in some areas so that tenants have more recognizable rights to continued occupancy and hence make more concerted efforts to improve their leaseholds. While GDP growth has remained high, per capita income is among the lowest in the world. Ethiopia''s economy continues on its state-led Growth and Transformation Plan under its new leadership after Prime Minister MELE's death. The five-year economic plan has achieved high single-digit growth rates through government-led infrastructure expansion and commercial agriculture development. Ethiopia in 2013 plans to continue construction of its Grand Renaissance Dam on the Nile-the controversial multi-billion dollar effort to develop electricity for domestic consumption and export. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$105 billion (2012 est.); $98.13 billion (2011 est.); $91.29 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

22.1% of GDP (2012 est.); 22.9% of GDP (2011 est.); 23.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, khat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish
Industries

food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement