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Environment
Indonesia is highly vulnerable to natural disasters like flooding, tropical storms, and tsunamis. Indonesia continues to recover from the 2004 tsunami crisis today. Moreover, Indonesia currently faces man-made environmental problems such as deforestation, overfishing, pollution, and wildlife trade.1 Indonesia lost 1.87 million hectares of forest every year between 2000 and 2005.2 The coast of Indonesia supports the majority of the worldâ's coral species and 30% of the worldâ's fish species, making the coastline ecosystem highly valuable.3 60% of Indonesiaâ's population lives along the countryâ's coast, further exacerbating the demands placed on coastline ecosystems.4

Show References
1http://wwf.panda.org/who_we_are/wwf_offices/indonesia/environmental_problems_indonesia/
2 Ibid
3http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/08/05/the-future-our-marine-environment.html
4 Ibid
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Indonesia News

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Geography

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
Area

Total 1,904,569 sq km
Land 1,811,569 sq km
Water 93,000 sq km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
Natural Resources

petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver ;
Natural Hazards

occasional floods; severe droughts; tsunamis; earthquakes; volcanoes; forest fires

volcanism: Indonesia contains the most volcanoes of any country in the world - some 76 are historically active; significant volcanic activity occurs on Java, western Sumatra, the Sunda Islands, Halmahera Island, Sulawesi Island, Sangihe Island, and in the Banda Sea; Merapi (elev. 2,968 m), Indonesia's most active volcano and in eruption since 2010, has been deemed a "Decade Volcano" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; other notable historically active volcanoes include Agung, Awu, Karangetang, Krakatau (Krakatoa), Makian, Raung, and Tambora Indonesia contains the most volcanoes of any country in the world - some 76 are historically active; significant volcanic activity occurs on Java, western Sumatra, the Sunda Islands, Halmahera Island, Sulawesi Island, Sangihe Island, and in the Banda Sea; Merapi (elev. 2,968 m), Indonesia's most active volcano and in eruption since 2010, has been deemed a "Decade Volcano" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; other notable historically active volcanoes include Agung, Awu, Karangetang, Krakatau (Krakatoa), Makian, Raung, and Tambora
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; water pollution from industrial wastes, sewage; air pollution in urban areas; smoke and haze from forest fires

Demographics

Nationality
Indonesian
Population
251,160,124 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Indonesia, a vast polyglot nation, grew more than 6% annually in 2010-12. The government made economic advances under the first administration of President YUDHOYONO (2004-09), introducing significant reforms in the financial sector, including tax and customs reforms, the use of Treasury bills, and capital market development and supervision. During the global financial crisis, Indonesia outperformed its regional neighbors and joined China and India as the only G20 members posting growth in 2009. The government has promoted fiscally conservative policies, resulting in a debt-to-GDP ratio of less than 25%, a fiscal deficit below 3%, and historically low rates of inflation. Fitch ...See More and Moody's upgraded Indonesia's credit rating to investment grade in December 2011. Indonesia still struggles with poverty and unemployment, inadequate infrastructure, corruption, a complex regulatory environment, and unequal resource distribution among regions. The government in 2013 faces the ongoing challenge of improving Indonesia''s insufficient infrastructure to remove impediments to economic growth, labor unrest over wages, and reducing its fuel subsidy program in the face of high oil prices. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$1.237 trillion (2012 est.); $1.164 trillion (2011 est.); $1.093 trillion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

32.6% of GDP (2012 est.); 33.1% of GDP (2011 est.); 33% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

rubber and similar products, palm oil, poultry, beef, forest products, shrimp, cocoa, coffee, medicinal herbs, essential oil, fish and its similar products, and spices
Industries

petroleum and natural gas, textiles, automotive, electrical appliances, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, medical instuments and appliances, handicrafts, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, processed food, jewelry, and tourism