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Iraq
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Children/Youth
A charity started by two Americans working in Iraq during the war to care for orphans.
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Clean Water, Health, Poverty, Children/Youth, Religion
Relief and development organization helping children worldwide by tackling causes of poverty and developing access to clean water, food, health care, education, and economic opportunities.
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Education
Worldreader is a non-profit on a mission to bring digital books to every child and her family, so that they can improve their lives.
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Afghanistan , Congo (Democratic Republic) , Haiti , Iraq , Jordan , Lebanon , Madagascar , Nepal , Philippines , Sierra Leone ...See More Countries , Somalia , The Republic of South Sudan Show Less Countries
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Children/Youth, Clean Water, Health
Emergency Relief and Recovery
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Environment
The last several years of war and economic pressures have caused considerable environmental concerns in Iraq. The country loses between 5 and 8% of its agriculture GDP to environmental degradation every year. In addition, drought and water shortages have forced residents to relocate.1 Even with internal turmoil, Iraq has made steps to protect its environment, and in 2013, the first national park was established.2

Show References
1 http://ecowatch.com/2014/01/29/environmental-degradation-climate-change-conflict-iraq/

2 http://www.rbge.org.uk/about-us/press-centre/press-releases-2012/new-conservation-initiative-in-iraq

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Crowdfund Projects in Iraq View All
CLUB1040.COM
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Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Nigeria
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Religion
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Iraq News

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Geography

Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait
Area

Total 438,317 sq km
Land 437,367 sq km
Water 950 sq km

Climate

mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq
Natural Resources

petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur ;
Natural Hazards

dust storms; sandstorms; floods
Current Environmental Issues

government water control projects have drained most of the inhabited marsh areas east of An Nasiriyah by drying up or diverting the feeder streams and rivers; a once sizable population of Marsh Arabs, who inhabited these areas for thousands of years, has been displaced; furthermore, the destruction of the natural habitat poses serious threats to the area's wildlife populations; inadequate supplies of potable water; development of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers system contingent upon agreements with upstream riparian Turkey; air and water pollution; soil degradation (salination) and erosion; desertification

Demographics

Nationality
Iraqi
Population
31,858,481 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

An improving security environment and foreign investment are helping to spur economic activity, particularly in the energy, construction, and retail sectors. Broader economic development, long-term fiscal health, and sustained improvements in the overall standard of living still depend on the central government passing major policy reforms. Iraq's largely state-run economy is dominated by the oil sector, which provides more than 90% of government revenue and 80% of foreign exchange earnings. Iraq in 2012 boosted oil exports to a 30-year high of 2.6 million barrels per day, a significant increase from Iraq's average of 2.2 million in 2011. Government revenues increased ...See More as global oil prices remained persistently high for much of 2012. Iraq's contracts with major oil companies have the potential to further expand oil exports and revenues, but Iraq will need to make significant upgrades to its oil processing, pipeline, and export infrastructure to enable these deals to reach their economic potential. The Iraqi Kurdistan Region's (IKR) autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) passed its own oil law in 2007, and has directly signed about 50 contracts to develop IKR energy reserves. The federal government has disputed the legal authority of the KRG to conclude most of these contracts, some of which are also in areas with unresolved administrative boundaries in dispute between the federal and regional government. Iraq is making slow progress enacting laws and developing the institutions needed to implement economic policy, and political reforms are still needed to assuage investors' concerns regarding the uncertain business climate, which may have been harmed by the November 2012 standoff between Baghdad and Erbil and the removal of the Central Bank Governor in October 2012. The government of Iraq is eager to attract additional foreign direct investment, but it faces a number of obstacles including a tenuous political system and concerns about security and societal stability. Rampant corruption, outdated infrastructure, insufficient essential services, skilled labor shortages, and antiquated commercial laws stifle investment and continue to constrain growth of private, nonoil sectors. Iraq is considering a package of laws to establish a modern legal framework for the oil sector and a mechanism to equitably divide oil revenues within the nation, although these reforms are still under contentious and sporadic negotiation. Under the Iraqi Constitution, some competencies relevant to the overall investment climate are either shared by the federal government and the regions or are devolved entirely to the regions. Investment in the IKR operates within the framework of the Kurdistan Region Investment Law (Law 4 of 2006) and the Kurdistan Board of Investment, which is designed to provide incentives to help economic development in areas under the authority of the KRG. Inflation has remained under control since 2006 as security improved. However, Iraqi leaders remain hard pressed to translate macroeconomic gains into an improved standard of living for the Iraqi populace. Unemployment remains a problem throughout the country despite a bloated public sector. Encouraging private enterprise through deregulation would make it easier for Iraqi citizens and foreign investors to start new businesses. Rooting out corruption and implementing reforms - such as restructuring banks and developing the private sector - would be important steps in this direction. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$242.5 billion (2012 est.); $223.7 billion (2011 est.); $206 billion (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates, cotton; cattle, sheep, poultry
Industries

petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing