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Jordan

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Causes
Clean Water, Health, Poverty, Children/Youth, Religion
Relief and development organization helping children worldwide by tackling causes of poverty and developing access to clean water, food, health care, education, and economic opportunities.
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Education
Worldreader is a non-profit on a mission to bring digital books to every child and her family, so that they can improve their lives.
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Emergency Relief and Recovery
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Human Rights
Air Serv International is a nonprofit humanitarian aviation organization which provides safe and reliable air transport services for humanitarian aid organizations into the world's most difficult to reach areas.
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Family
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Clean Water
Economy
Government
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Children/Youth
Human Rights
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Animals
Environment
Climate change and water scarcity are two of the most pressing environmental concerns for Jordanian citizens. Small scale subsistence farmers are finding it very difficult to make a living when water is scarce. There are underground aquifers that are being depleted at twice the rate that they should. The water scarcity issues have increased the use of illegal water pumping throughout the country.1 In 2013 Jordan, Israel, and Palestine created an agreement to work together to build desalination plants on the banks of the Red Sea and Dead Sea, but recent Israeli-Jordanian tensions have caused many to question whether the project will remain part of a inter-state agreement, or if Jordan will invoke full control of the plant.2

Show References
1 http://www.ipsnews.net/2013/11/jordans-farmers-struggle-to-weather-climate-change/
2 https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/10/red-sea-dead-sea-project-jordan-option-israel.html
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Jordan News

 
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Geography

Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq
Area

Total 89,342 sq km
Land 88,802 sq km
Water 540 sq km

Climate

mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)
Natural Resources

phosphates, potash, shale oil ;
Natural Hazards

droughts; periodic earthquakes
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Demographics

Nationality
Jordanian
Population
6,482,081 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Jordan's economy is among the smallest in the Middle East, with insufficient supplies of water, oil, and other natural resources, underlying the government's heavy reliance on foreign assistance. Other economic challenges for the government include chronic high rates of poverty, unemployment, inflation, and a large budget deficit. Since assuming the throne in 1999, King ABDALLAH has implemented significant economic reforms, such as opening the trade regime, privatizing state-owned companies, and eliminating some fuel subsidies, which in the last decade spurred economic growth by attracting foreign investment and creating some jobs. The global economic slowdown and regional turmoil, however, have depressed ...See More Jordan''s GDP growth, impacting export-oriented sectors, construction, and tourism. In 2011 and 2012, the government approved two economic relief packages and a budgetary supplement, meant to improve the living conditions for the middle and poor classes. Jordan''s finances have also been strained by a series of natural gas pipeline attacks in Egypt, causing Jordan to substitute more expensive diesel imports, primarily from Saudi Arabia, to generate electricity. Jordan is currently exploring nuclear power generation in addition to the exploitation of abundant oil shale reserves and renewable technologies to forestall energy shortfalls. In 2012, to correct budgetary and balance of payments imbalances, Jordan entered into a $2.1 billion, multiple year International Monetary Fund Stand-By Arrangement. Jordan''s financial sector has been relatively isolated from the international financial crisis because of its limited exposure to overseas capital markets. Jordan will continue to depend heavily on foreign assistance to finance the deficit in 2013. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$39.29 billion (2012 est.); $38.22 billion (2011 est.); $37.25 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

6.2% of GDP (2012 est.); 12.6% of GDP (2011 est.); 19.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

citrus, tomatoes, cucumbers, olives, strawberries, stone fruits; sheep, poultry, dairy
Industries

clothing, fertilizers, potash, phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, inorganic chemicals, light manufacturing, tourism