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Mongolia

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Organizations in Mongolia View all

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Human Rights
Modeled on Vietnam Vets Against the War, LEAP brings unquestionable credibility and first hand experience to its critique of our drug policies to wide audiences. Find out why Michelle Alexander, author of The New Jim Crow said, "Law Enforcement Against Prohibition is a singular organization whose credibility and experience provide ...See More one of the strongest voices against the War on Drugs anywhere in the world." Show Less

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Cambodia , China , Iran , Jordan , Maldives , Mongolia , Pakistan , Turkey , United States of America , Uzbekistan ...See More Countries , Yemen Show Less Countries
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Education
SportForward changes lives through the power of sport, one individual at a time, in communities all around the world.

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Children/Youth, Environment
ACDI/VOCA is an economic development organization that fosters broad-based economic growth, raises living standards, and creates vibrant communities.

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Albania , Argentina , Australia , Belgium , Benin , Bolivia , Brazil , Bulgaria , Burkina Faso , Cambodia ...See More Countries , Cameroon , Central African Republic , Chile , China , Colombia , Costa Rica , Cyprus , Czech Republic , Denmark , Dominican Republic , Ecuador , Egypt , El Salvador , France , Gabon , Guatemala , Haiti , India , Ireland , Italy , Japan , Jordan , Kenya , Laos , Macedonia , Madagascar , Mexico , Mongolia , Morocco , Nepal , Nigeria , Norway , Papua New Guinea , Paraguay , Peru , Philippines , Puerto Rico , Romania , Russia , South Africa , Spain , Taiwan , Thailand , Uganda , United States of America , Zambia Show Less Countries
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Religion
Our mission is to build up the Body of Christ; encourage obedience to God’s call in Romans 12: to give freely; encourage relational ministry; and bear witness to the God who can take our gifts—however small—and use them for His purposes beyond what we can imagine. Finally, we seek to ...See More silence the lies of the enemy when he says, “you can’t afford it,” “your gift won’t make a difference,” and “someone else will pick up the slack.” Show Less
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Environment
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Environment
With a huge proliferation of minerals and mining companies investing in Mongoliaâ's economy, there have been devastating consequences for the environment in the pursuit of economic growth and sustainability.1 The other major concern with the mining companies flooding into Mongolia is the real threat of having a huge income gap develop, along with the biodiversity loss risk.2

Show References
1http://www.dw.de/mongolias-mining-boom-raises-environment-concerns/a-17534285
2 Ibid
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Mongolia News

The FINANCIAL 
The FINANCIAL -- The Mongolia Ministry of Finance and the World Bank on March 24 launched the Export Development Project aimed to help small- and medium-sized enterprises in non-minerals sectors strengthen their export capabilities and boost their ... See more..
The Denver Post 
ULAANBAATAR, Mongolia — I'm a city girl. I did not grow up camping, have never pitched a tent and know nothing of the Girl Scouts beyond Thin Mints or Samoa cookies. Certainly no one would use the words “rugged” or “outdoorsy” to describe me. See more..
CBC.ca 
Multiserv Overseas — a controversial shell company with business links to Bombardier at the heart of a corruption investigation — appears to be involved in a ... See more..
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gulfnews.com 
A country steeped in history stunning scenery and welcoming locals. See more..
Malta Independent Online 
Minister for Foreign Affairs George W. Vella held meetings with the new ambassadors-designate of Mongolia and Armenia. Meeting with the Ambassador-designate of Mongolia Jambaldorj Tserendorj, Minister Vella underlined the potential for increased ... See more..
SFGate 
ULAANBAATAR, Mongolia (AP) — I'm a city girl. I did not grow up camping, have never pitched a tent and know nothing of the Girl Scouts beyond Thin Mints or ... See more..
Aljazeera.com 
Tsagaannuur, Mongolia - Seated in a white teepee perched on a cliff that overlooks a snow-covered coniferous forest, Delger Gorshik talks about how his life as a Dukha, one of the world's smallest ethnic minorities, has changed over the years. "When I ... See more..
Sci-News.com 
An international team of paleontologists led by Yale researcher Peter Crane discovered the fossils — from the extinct plant Umaltolepis mongoliensis — in ancient peat deposits at the Tevshiin Govi mine in the steppes of central Mongolia. “The stems ... See more..
Saveur 
The animal, butchered and killed that day in honor of our arrival, had hung to dry from the rafters of one of the gers (yurts) belonging to the Bayraa family of Mongolian nomads. The master tent where we would sleep was a wonderland of oilcloths ... See more..
ReliefWeb 
Steppe fires and dry summer followed by heavy rains in September and early snow in October has put the rural population in an extremely vulnerable position. By February 2017, 77.8% of the country was covered in snow. Thick layers of snow and ice in the ... See more..
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Geography

Northern Asia, between China and Russia
Area

Total 1,564,116 sq km
Land 1,553,556 sq km
Water 10,560 sq km

Climate

desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges) ;
Natural Resources

oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron ;
Natural Hazards

dust storms; grassland and forest fires; drought; "zud," which is harsh winter conditions
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources in some areas; the policies of former Communist regimes promoted rapid urbanization and industrial growth that had negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal in power plants and the lack of enforcement of environmental laws severely polluted the air in Ulaanbaatar; deforestation, overgrazing, and the converting of virgin land to agricultural production increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification and mining activities had a deleterious effect on the environment ;

Demographics

Nationality
Mongolian
Population
3,226,516 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Mongolia's extensive mineral deposits and attendant growth in mining-sector activities have transformed Mongolia's economy, which traditionally has been dependent on herding and agriculture. Mongolia's copper, gold, coal, molybdenum, fluorspar, uranium, tin, and tungsten deposits, among others, have attracted foreign direct investment. Soviet assistance, at its height one-third of GDP, disappeared almost overnight in 1990 and 1991 at the time of the dismantlement of the USSR. The following decade saw Mongolia endure both deep recession, because of political inaction and natural disasters, as well as economic growth, because of reform-embracing, free-market economics and extensive privatization of the formerly state-run economy. The ...See More country opened a fledgling stock exchange in 1991. Mongolia joined the World Trade Organization in 1997 and seeks to expand its participation in regional economic and trade regimes. Growth averaged nearly 9% per year in 2004-08 largely because of high copper prices globally and new gold production. By late 2008, Mongolia was hit hard by the global financial crisis. Slower global economic growth hurt the country's exports, notably copper, and slashed government revenues. As a result, Mongolia's real economy contracted 1.3% in 2009. In early 2009, the International Monetary Fund reached a $236 million Stand-by Arrangement with Mongolia and the country has largely emerged from the crisis with better regulations and closer supervision. The banking sector strengthened but weaknesses remain. In October 2009, Mongolia passed long-awaited legislation on an investment agreement to develop the Oyu Tolgoi mine, considered to be among the world's largest untapped copper deposits. Recent calls by nationalist politicians to renegotiate the investment agreement, however, have called into question the attractiveness of Mongolia as a destination for foreign direct investment. Negotiations to develop the massive Tavan Tolgoi coal field face similar obstacles. The economy grew by 6.4% in 2010, 17.5% in 2011, and by more than 12.3% in 2012, largely on the strength of commodity exports to nearby countries and high government spending domestically. Mongolia's economy, however, faces near-term economic risks from the government's loose fiscal policies, which are contributing to high inflation, and uncertainties in foreign demand for Mongolian exports. Trade with China represents more than half of Mongolia's total external trade - China receives more than 90% of Mongolia's exports. Mongolia purchases 95% of its petroleum products and a substantial amount of electric power from Russia, leaving it vulnerable to price increases. Due to severe winter weather in 2009-10, Mongolia lost 22% of its total livestock, and meat prices doubled. Inflation remained higher than 10% for much of 2010-12, due in part to higher food and fuel prices. The economic slowdown in China during 2011-2012 resulted in fewer Mongolian exports, a widened trade gap, and decreased government revenues, putting pressure on Mongolian fiscal policy. Remittances from Mongolians working abroad, particularly in South Korea, are significant. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$15.44 billion (2012 est.); $13.75 billion (2011 est.); $11.7 billion (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

wheat, barley, vegetables, forage crops; sheep, goats, cattle, camels, horses
Industries

construction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, and gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing