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Mongolia

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Organizations in Mongolia View all

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Australia, Ecuador, Mongolia, Portugal, Tanzania
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Education, Human Rights
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Modeled on Vietnam Vets Against the War, LEAP brings unquestionable credibility and first hand experience to its critique of our drug policies to wide audiences. Find out why Michelle Alexander, author of The New Jim Crow said, "Law Enforcement Against Prohibition is a singular organization whose credibility and experience provide ...See More one of the strongest voices against the War on Drugs anywhere in the world." Show Less

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Cambodia , China , Iran , Jordan , Maldives , Mongolia , Pakistan , Turkey , United States of America , Uzbekistan ...See More Countries , Yemen Show Less Countries
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Education
SportForward changes lives through the power of sport, one individual at a time, in communities all around the world.

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Children/Youth, Environment
ACDI/VOCA is an economic development organization that fosters broad-based economic growth, raises living standards, and creates vibrant communities.
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Environment
With a huge proliferation of minerals and mining companies investing in Mongoliaâ's economy, there have been devastating consequences for the environment in the pursuit of economic growth and sustainability.1 The other major concern with the mining companies flooding into Mongolia is the real threat of having a huge income gap develop, along with the biodiversity loss risk.2

Show References
1http://www.dw.de/mongolias-mining-boom-raises-environment-concerns/a-17534285
2 Ibid
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Mongolia News

South China Morning Post 
“At present, there are 49 staff members, six of whom will be reassigned to the Mainland Affairs Council's Department of Hong Kong and Macao Affairs, which will take a new name: the Department of Hong Kong, Macao, Mongolia and Tibet Affairs,” Hsu ... See more..
Quartz 
A decade ago, after a speculative coal boom fizzled, the once-thriving desert city of Ordos, in Inner Mongolia, became China's largest ghost town, littered with ... See more..
Motherboard 
Mongolia is perhaps best known as the homeland of famed 12th Century conqueror Chinggis (Genghis) Khan, whose dynasty amassed the largest contiguous empire in history. The secret weapon of the Mongols? The horse. Hordes of nomadic warriors on ... See more..
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Kilkenny People 
One adventurous couple are currently travelling to Mongolia in their beloved Micra and now have been on the road for over a month. Shane and Georgia have driven across Europe and last week took a 40-hour ferry across the Caspian Sea. After weighing up ... See more..
CBN News 
A unique partnership brings Russian and Mongolian Christians together to share the gospel of Jesus Christ in remote regions of Mongolia. See more..
Asia Times 
On a recent visit to Ulaanbaatar, China's Assistant Foreign Minister again voiced “great concern” over Mongolia's hosting of the Dalai Lama last November. See more..
Viet Nam News 
Việt Nam always treasures and wants to consolidate and further enhance traditional relations with Mongolia, Vice Chairman of the National Assembly (NA) Uông ... See more..
Russia Beyond the Headlines 
Roman von Ungern-Sternberg (1886 – 1921) lived an extraordinary life. An aristocrat of German origin, he embraced Buddhism and freed Mongolia from Chinese occupation, all while attempting to defeat the Bolsheviks and create a great Eurasian empire. See more..
Newsweek 
Stood, square-jawed, beside the gold-hued Zaisan Monument in Mongolia's capital, the proprietor of a Hong Kong real estate portfolio beholds the flurry of activity below him in Ulaanbaatar. Like the Saker falcon, revered for its keen eyesight — and ... See more..
ABC Online 
A young Australian Olympian has won the longest and toughest horse race in the world. Twenty-nine-year-old Ed Fernon conquered the gruelling Mongolian Derby, crossing the finish line with South African Barry Armitage in equal first after a nail-biting ... See more..
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Geography

Northern Asia, between China and Russia
Area

Total 1,564,116 sq km
Land 1,553,556 sq km
Water 10,560 sq km

Climate

desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)
Natural Resources

oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron ;
Natural Hazards

dust storms; grassland and forest fires; drought; "zud," which is harsh winter conditions
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources in some areas; the policies of former Communist regimes promoted rapid urbanization and industrial growth that had negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal in power plants and the lack of enforcement of environmental laws severely polluted the air in Ulaanbaatar; deforestation, overgrazing, and the converting of virgin land to agricultural production increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification and mining activities had a deleterious effect on the environment

Demographics

Nationality
Mongolian
Population
3,226,516 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Mongolia's extensive mineral deposits and attendant growth in mining-sector activities have transformed Mongolia's economy, which traditionally has been dependent on herding and agriculture. Mongolia's copper, gold, coal, molybdenum, fluorspar, uranium, tin, and tungsten deposits, among others, have attracted foreign direct investment. Soviet assistance, at its height one-third of GDP, disappeared almost overnight in 1990 and 1991 at the time of the dismantlement of the USSR. The following decade saw Mongolia endure both deep recession, because of political inaction and natural disasters, as well as economic growth, because of reform-embracing, free-market economics and extensive privatization of the formerly state-run economy. The ...See More country opened a fledgling stock exchange in 1991. Mongolia joined the World Trade Organization in 1997 and seeks to expand its participation in regional economic and trade regimes. Growth averaged nearly 9% per year in 2004-08 largely because of high copper prices globally and new gold production. By late 2008, Mongolia was hit hard by the global financial crisis. Slower global economic growth hurt the country's exports, notably copper, and slashed government revenues. As a result, Mongolia's real economy contracted 1.3% in 2009. In early 2009, the International Monetary Fund reached a $236 million Stand-by Arrangement with Mongolia and the country has largely emerged from the crisis with better regulations and closer supervision. The banking sector strengthened but weaknesses remain. In October 2009, Mongolia passed long-awaited legislation on an investment agreement to develop the Oyu Tolgoi mine, considered to be among the world's largest untapped copper deposits. Recent calls by nationalist politicians to renegotiate the investment agreement, however, have called into question the attractiveness of Mongolia as a destination for foreign direct investment. Negotiations to develop the massive Tavan Tolgoi coal field face similar obstacles. The economy grew by 6.4% in 2010, 17.5% in 2011, and by more than 12.3% in 2012, largely on the strength of commodity exports to nearby countries and high government spending domestically. Mongolia's economy, however, faces near-term economic risks from the government's loose fiscal policies, which are contributing to high inflation, and uncertainties in foreign demand for Mongolian exports. Trade with China represents more than half of Mongolia's total external trade - China receives more than 90% of Mongolia's exports. Mongolia purchases 95% of its petroleum products and a substantial amount of electric power from Russia, leaving it vulnerable to price increases. Due to severe winter weather in 2009-10, Mongolia lost 22% of its total livestock, and meat prices doubled. Inflation remained higher than 10% for much of 2010-12, due in part to higher food and fuel prices. The economic slowdown in China during 2011-2012 resulted in fewer Mongolian exports, a widened trade gap, and decreased government revenues, putting pressure on Mongolian fiscal policy. Remittances from Mongolians working abroad, particularly in South Korea, are significant. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$15.44 billion (2012 est.); $13.75 billion (2011 est.); $11.7 billion (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

wheat, barley, vegetables, forage crops; sheep, goats, cattle, camels, horses
Industries

construction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, and gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing