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Mongolia

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Modeled on Vietnam Vets Against the War, LEAP brings unquestionable credibility and first hand experience to its critique of our drug policies to wide audiences. Find out why Michelle Alexander, author of The New Jim Crow said, "Law Enforcement Against Prohibition is a singular organization whose credibility and experience provide ...See More one of the strongest voices against the War on Drugs anywhere in the world." Show Less
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Cambodia , China , Iran , Jordan , Maldives , Mongolia , Pakistan , Turkey , United States of America , Uzbekistan ...See More Countries , Yemen Show Less Countries
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Education
SportForward changes lives through the power of sport, one individual at a time, in communities all around the world.
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Children/Youth, Environment
ACDI/VOCA is an economic development organization that fosters broad-based economic growth, raises living standards, and creates vibrant communities.
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Our mission is to build up the Body of Christ; encourage obedience to God’s call in Romans 12: to give freely; encourage relational ministry; and bear witness to the God who can take our gifts—however small—and use them for His purposes beyond what we can imagine. Finally, we seek to ...See More silence the lies of the enemy when he says, “you can’t afford it,” “your gift won’t make a difference,” and “someone else will pick up the slack.” Show Less
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Environment
With a huge proliferation of minerals and mining companies investing in Mongoliaâ's economy, there have been devastating consequences for the environment in the pursuit of economic growth and sustainability.1 The other major concern with the mining companies flooding into Mongolia is the real threat of having a huge income gap develop, along with the biodiversity loss risk.2

Show References
1http://www.dw.de/mongolias-mining-boom-raises-environment-concerns/a-17534285
2 Ibid
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Mongolia News

Snow Leopard Trust Website (blog) 
Ever since Surenkhuu Luvsan can remember, wildlife meant trouble for her herding community in Mongolia's Tost Mountains, a part of the remote Gobi Desert. Snow leopards were preying on the community's livestock, causing massive damage and fear. See more..
The Asia Foundation - In Asia 
While true that Mongolia's economy is heavily dependent on fluctuating coal and copper prices, it is also true that the country's political parties increasingly influence economic outcomes. According to The Asia Foundation's annual survey on ... See more..
Adventist Review 
A small team of Pathfinders from the Georgia-Cumberland Conference church region in southern US took part in the first Mongolia Mission Pathfinder Camporee last July. More than 120 Mongolian Pathfinders attended the camporee held at the new youth ... See more..
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Reuters 
ULAANBAATAR, Oct 13 (Reuters) - Mongolia has launched a series of new wind power projects to develop its huge renewable energy potential and start delivering clean electricity to other countries in the region in preparation for the creation of an “Asia ... See more..
FloGrappling 
The president of Mongolia himself Battulga Khaltmaa is a lifelong practitioner of the sport, being a member of the Mongolian wrestling team. He is also president of the Mongolian Judo Association, and saw Mongolia's first Olympic champions crowned at ... See more..
The Diplomat 
Even by Mongolian standards, it has been an eventful 20 months in politics. From a Mongolian People's Party (MPP) triumph in the parliamentary election in June 2016 that created a 65-seat mega-majority in the 76-seat parliament, to the defeat of the ... See more..
New York Times 
ULAANBAATAR — Mongolia's coal exports, which have helped lift its slow-growing economy this year, are losing steam, according to trade data. In the first nine months of the year, exports earned $1.73 billion, or more than double the same period of ... See more..
PV-Tech 
PV manufacturer JinkoSolar has supplied PV modules to Hitachi Systems for a solar plant owned by Farmdo Corporation in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. As part of the order, JinkoSolar delivered 12.7MW of its high-efficiency PERC modules and custom built ... See more..
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty 
On September 27, the World Bank froze its tender process for a Mongolian project to construct a hydroelectric station on the Selenga River, the main inlet source for the massive lake. The environmentalists have been arguing for years that the project ... See more..
Windpower Monthly 
Partners in the project include, Clean Energy Asia, a Mongolia-based renewable energy company established in 2012 as a joint venture between Japansese developer SB Energy and Mongolian infrastructure investor Newcomm. It was financed by ... See more..
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Geography

Northern Asia, between China and Russia
Area

Total 1,564,116 sq km
Land 1,553,556 sq km
Water 10,560 sq km

Climate

desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)
Natural Resources

oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron ;
Natural Hazards

dust storms; grassland and forest fires; drought; "zud," which is harsh winter conditions
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources in some areas; the policies of former Communist regimes promoted rapid urbanization and industrial growth that had negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal in power plants and the lack of enforcement of environmental laws severely polluted the air in Ulaanbaatar; deforestation, overgrazing, and the converting of virgin land to agricultural production increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification and mining activities had a deleterious effect on the environment

Demographics

Nationality
Mongolian
Population
3,226,516 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Mongolia's extensive mineral deposits and attendant growth in mining-sector activities have transformed Mongolia's economy, which traditionally has been dependent on herding and agriculture. Mongolia's copper, gold, coal, molybdenum, fluorspar, uranium, tin, and tungsten deposits, among others, have attracted foreign direct investment. Soviet assistance, at its height one-third of GDP, disappeared almost overnight in 1990 and 1991 at the time of the dismantlement of the USSR. The following decade saw Mongolia endure both deep recession, because of political inaction and natural disasters, as well as economic growth, because of reform-embracing, free-market economics and extensive privatization of the formerly state-run economy. The ...See More country opened a fledgling stock exchange in 1991. Mongolia joined the World Trade Organization in 1997 and seeks to expand its participation in regional economic and trade regimes. Growth averaged nearly 9% per year in 2004-08 largely because of high copper prices globally and new gold production. By late 2008, Mongolia was hit hard by the global financial crisis. Slower global economic growth hurt the country's exports, notably copper, and slashed government revenues. As a result, Mongolia's real economy contracted 1.3% in 2009. In early 2009, the International Monetary Fund reached a $236 million Stand-by Arrangement with Mongolia and the country has largely emerged from the crisis with better regulations and closer supervision. The banking sector strengthened but weaknesses remain. In October 2009, Mongolia passed long-awaited legislation on an investment agreement to develop the Oyu Tolgoi mine, considered to be among the world's largest untapped copper deposits. Recent calls by nationalist politicians to renegotiate the investment agreement, however, have called into question the attractiveness of Mongolia as a destination for foreign direct investment. Negotiations to develop the massive Tavan Tolgoi coal field face similar obstacles. The economy grew by 6.4% in 2010, 17.5% in 2011, and by more than 12.3% in 2012, largely on the strength of commodity exports to nearby countries and high government spending domestically. Mongolia's economy, however, faces near-term economic risks from the government's loose fiscal policies, which are contributing to high inflation, and uncertainties in foreign demand for Mongolian exports. Trade with China represents more than half of Mongolia's total external trade - China receives more than 90% of Mongolia's exports. Mongolia purchases 95% of its petroleum products and a substantial amount of electric power from Russia, leaving it vulnerable to price increases. Due to severe winter weather in 2009-10, Mongolia lost 22% of its total livestock, and meat prices doubled. Inflation remained higher than 10% for much of 2010-12, due in part to higher food and fuel prices. The economic slowdown in China during 2011-2012 resulted in fewer Mongolian exports, a widened trade gap, and decreased government revenues, putting pressure on Mongolian fiscal policy. Remittances from Mongolians working abroad, particularly in South Korea, are significant. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$15.44 billion (2012 est.); $13.75 billion (2011 est.); $11.7 billion (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

wheat, barley, vegetables, forage crops; sheep, goats, cattle, camels, horses
Industries

construction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, and gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing