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Oman

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Human Rights
Modeled on Vietnam Vets Against the War, LEAP brings unquestionable credibility and first hand experience to its critique of our drug policies to wide audiences. Find out why Michelle Alexander, author of The New Jim Crow said, "Law Enforcement Against Prohibition is a singular organization whose credibility and experience provide ...See More one of the strongest voices against the War on Drugs anywhere in the world." Show Less
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Health
Hesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that supports individuals and communities in their struggles to realize the right to health. We develop easy to read materials that are produced in many languages. All are available through our bookstore and for free online on our ...See More HealthWiki. Show Less
Locations
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Religion
Moms in Prayer International is a worldwide ministry devoted to covering every child and every school in prayer. Started in 1984 in Abbotsford, British Columbia, we are now headquartered in beautiful Poway, California and have prayer groups in over 140 countries. Moms in Prayer exists because one mom felt a ...See More burden to pray for her children with another mom… and we have grown into a global movement of prayer. Show Less
Locations
Afghanistan , Algeria , Bangladesh , Benin , Bhutan , Burkina Faso , Cambodia , Central African Republic , China , Cote d'Ivoire ...See More Countries , Egypt , Eritrea , Ethiopia , Ghana , Guinea , Guinea-Bissau , India , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Israel , Japan , Jordan , Kuwait , Laos , Lebanon , Liberia , Libya , Maldives , Mali , Mauritania , Morocco , Myanmar , Nepal , Niger , Nigeria , North Korea , Oman , Pakistan , Palestine , Philippines , Qatar , Republic of Chad , Saudi Arabia , Senegal , Sierra Leone , Somalia , South Korea , Sri Lanka , Sudan , Syria , Taiwan , Tajikistan , Thailand , Togo , Tunisia , Turkey , Turkmenistan , United Arab Emirates , United Kingdom , Uzbekistan , Vietnam , Western Sahara , Yemen Show Less Countries
Causes
Religion, Poverty
A Relational Missionary Movement Reaching the Unreached
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Environment
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Environment
Oman periodically submits reports on its climate change adaptations as a requirement for its participation in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.1 Oman is vulnerable to climate change, and one of the results of the changing temperatures has been an increase in the frequency of tropical cyclones. Climate change negatively affects livestock and fishing revenues, water supply, and biodiversity.2 Air quality is negatively affected by pollutants from crude oil production and industrial plants.3

Show References
1 http://www.unep.org/rowa/KeyActivities/ClimateChange/tabid/101289/Default.aspx
2 http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/omnnc1.pdf
3 https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/17076/Oman.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
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Oman News

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Geography

Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE
Area

Total 309,500 sq km
Land 309,500 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Climate

dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south
Natural Resources

petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas ;
Natural Hazards

summer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms in interior; periodic droughts
Current Environmental Issues

rising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; limited natural freshwater resources

Demographics

Nationality
Omani
Population
3,154,134 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Oman is a middle-income economy that is heavily dependent on dwindling oil resources. Because of declining reserves and a rapidly growing labor force, Muscat has actively pursued a development plan that focuses on diversification, industrialization, and privatization, with the objective of reducing the oil sector's contribution to GDP to 9% by 2020 and creating more jobs to employ the rising numbers of Omanis entering the workforce. Tourism and gas-based industries are key components of the government's diversification strategy. However, increases in social welfare benefits, particularly since the Arab Spring, will challenge the government's ability to effectively balance its budget if ...See More oil revenues decline. By using enhanced oil recovery techniques, Oman succeeded in increasing oil production, giving the country more time to diversify, and the increase in global oil prices through 2011 provided the government greater financial resources to invest in non-oil sectors. In 2012, continued surpluses resulting from sustained high oil prices and increased enhanced oil recovery allowed the government to maintain growth in social subsidies and public sector job creation. However, the Sultan made widely reported statements indicating this would not be sustainable, and called for expanded efforts to support SME development and entrepreneurship. Government agencies and large oligarchic group companies heeded his call, announcing new initiatives to spin off non-essential functions to entrepreneurs, incubate new businesses, train and mentor up and coming business people, and provide financing for start-ups. In response to fast growth in household indebtedness, the Central Bank reduced the ceiling on personal interest loans from 8 to 7%, lowered mortgage rates, capped the percentage of consumer loans at 50% of borrower's salaries for personal loans and 60% for housing loans, and limited maximum repayment terms to 10 and 25 years respectively. In 2012 the Central Bank also issued final regulations governing Islamic banking and two full-fledged Islamic banks held oversubscribed IPOs while four traditional banks opened sharia-compliant Islamic windows. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$91.54 billion (2012 est.); $87.16 billion (2011 est.); $83.41 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

38% of GDP (2012 est.); 41% of GDP (2011 est.); 37.9% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish
Industries

crude oil production and refining, natural and liquefied natural gas (LNG) production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals, optic fiber