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Education
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Costa Rica, India, Mexico, Pakistan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda
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Environment
Pakistan’s most pressing environmental concerns are water pollution from sewage and industrial waste, deforestation, soil erosion, and desertification.1

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1 http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/opinion/03-Mar-2014/environmental-degradation-in-pakistan

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Pakistan News

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Geography

Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north
Area

Total 796,095 sq km
Land 770,875 sq km
Water 25,220 sq km

Climate

mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north
Natural Resources

land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone ;
Natural Hazards

frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)
Current Environmental Issues

water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural freshwater resources; most of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification

Demographics

Nationality
Pakistani
Population
193,238,868 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Decades of internal political disputes and low levels of foreign investment have led to slow growth and underdevelopment in Pakistan. Agriculture accounts for more than one-fifth of output and two-fifths of employment. Textiles account for most of Pakistan's export earnings, and Pakistan's failure to expand a viable export base for other manufactures has left the country vulnerable to shifts in world demand. Official unemployment is under 6%, but this fails to capture the true picture, because much of the economy is informal and underemployment remains high. Over the past few years, low growth and high inflation, led by a spurt ...See More in food prices, have increased the amount of poverty - the UN Human Development Report estimated poverty in 2011 at almost 50% of the population. Inflation has worsened the situation, climbing from 7.7% in 2007 to almost 12% for 2011, before declining to 10% in 2012. As a result of political and economic instability, the Pakistani rupee has depreciated more than 40% since 2007. The government agreed to an International Monetary Fund Standby Arrangement in November 2008 in response to a balance of payments crisis. Although the economy has stabilized since the crisis, it has failed to recover. Foreign investment has not returned, due to investor concerns related to governance, energy, security, and a slow-down in the global economy. Remittances from overseas workers, averaging about $1 billion a month since March 2011, remain a bright spot for Pakistan. However, after a small current account surplus in fiscal year 2011 (July 2010/June 2011), Pakistan's current account turned to deficit in fiscal year 2012, spurred by higher prices for imported oil and lower prices for exported cotton. Pakistan remains stuck in a low-income, low-growth trap, with growth averaging about 3% per year from 2008 to 2012. Pakistan must address long standing issues related to government revenues and energy production in order to spur the amount of economic growth that will be necessary to employ its growing and rapidly urbanizing population, more than half of which is under 22. Other long term challenges include expanding investment in education and healthcare, adapting to the effects of climate change and natural disasters, and reducing dependence on foreign donors. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$523.9 billion (2012 est.); $505.3 billion (2011 est.); $490.4 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

11.1% of GDP (2012 est.); 11.9% of GDP (2011 est.); 14.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs
Industries

textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp