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Singapore

Singapore

Summary

Singapore is small and thriving city-state on the southern tip of Southeast Asia. It is home to one the busiest ports in the world, and its per-capita GDP is similar to that of countries in Western Europe.1 Along with its economic success, Singapore also has strict and conservative local laws, and its business sector attracts a large number of immigrants each year.2 With Singapore’s extremely limited land resources, the country has begun to build man-made islands, but the changing environment threatens to destroy or damage much of this land.3 1 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sn.html
2 http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-15961759
3 https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/20/magazine/how-singapore-is-creating-more-land-for-itself.html

Demographics

Nationality
Singapore
Population
5,460,302 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

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Environment
Family
Human Rights
Education
Poverty
Religion
Clean Water
Economy
Health
Children
Government
Animals

Environment

The goal of the government’s environmental policy is to reduce the amount of emissions in all sectors as well as adopting green growth opportunities.1 Singapore is particularly vulnerable to the global effects of climate change as over 90% of the country's food supply is imported, and their location and rapid industrialization make it difficult to keep air pollution levels low.2

Family

Families are typically very small with less than one child born on average to every woman in her lifetime.1 Spousal abuse is common and highly stigmatized in Singapore. In 2015, there were nearly 3,000 requests for legal protection from spouses because of violent acts, and over 75% of these requests were filed by women.1

Human Rights

There are laws in place that restrict freedom of speech, association, and assembly. Recently, the government has been criticized for imposing harsh sanctions on online news forums and blogs that criticise the government.1 Permits are required for peaceful demonstrations to take place, and any type of movie or television production must be pre-screened by the government in order to be distributed.1 Those who publish any sort of negative comments online towards groups are at risk for being arrested or penalized.2

Education

Singapore has a thriving education sector that is highly developed. There are over 360 primary, secondary, and postsecondary schools in Singapore. There is no shortage of highly trained and educated teachers.1 Education takes up 3% of the nation’s GDP, and there is an emphasis placed on further advancing the education system.2 The literacy rate in Singapore is at 97%.3

Poverty

The Singaporean government does not calculate statistical data on poverty nor has it set a national poverty line.1 However, it is known that wealth inequalities are growing rapidly and the number of working poor is increasing. There is a large number of elderly people living in poverty.1

Religion

Singapore is a very religiously diverse country with a religious demographic that is 34% Buddhist, 18% Christian, 14% Muslim, 5% Hindu, 11% Taoist, and 16% non-religious. The constitution of Singapore protects religious freedom, and reports of religious discrimination and intolerance are very rare.3

Clean Water

100% of Singapore’s population has access to sanitation infrastructure and clean water.1

Economy

Singapore’s free-market economy is highly developed and operates in a transparent open market. The country boasts stable market prices and a very high GDP per capita. Exportation is the driving force behind the economy, and Singapore thrives on exporting consumer electronics, technology, pharmaceuticals and financial services.1 Singapore’s unemployment rate is low at just 3%.2

Health

The public healthcare system in Singapore is excellent and health insurance is mandatory for every citizen. The Ministry of Health is committed to providing affordable and quality care to all citizens, and the health network operates with primary public health care facilities and private healthcare providers.1 The leading causes of death are noncommunicable diseases such as heart disease and cancer. The life expectancy is 76 years of age.2

Children

Singapore has one of the lowest infant mortality rates in the world at only two deaths per 1,000 live births.1 Childhood is Singapore is generally well protected, and there are low levels of child labor as the laws against it are enforced rigorously.2

Government

Formerly a British trading colony, Singapore is a parliamentary republic with both a president and a prime minister.1 The judiciary is swift, efficient and very independent from government bribery and meddling. Government policies are transparent and effective, and this has helped the country has enjoyed a very high standard of living and prosperity.2 Singapore has very low levels of corruption, and compared to other countries in Southeast Asia, it has the most transparent governmental system.3

Animals

Because of Singapore’s location and size, there is little natural area besides preservations for wildlife to live in. There are few animals larger than reptiles and birds, but fish and coral reefs are abundant off the coastline.1

Singapore

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