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Syria

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Our success in supporting them to win souls, train young preachers and start new churches, certainly proves the scoffers to be wrong. In their rush to judgment, they forget that even we, ministers who are from the West, are ourselves, national preachers. And we have also had our share of ...See More fakes and failures in the ministry. Show Less
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Environment
Since the start of the civil war in 2011, wartime violence in Syria has caused mass accumulation of waste and widespread pollution of the environment. 1 The desertification caused tens of thousands of families to lose their agricultural livelihood and in turn created a massive internal migration.2 The mass migration served as a catalyst for the war and internal strife.3 Climate change also affects the agricultural outputs of the country, whose economy depends heavily on agriculture. Drought within the country has caused water scarcity and limited food production. Additionally, Syria's water supply was cut in half between 2002 and 2008 through mismanagement and overuse.4 The country's lucrative oil and gas industry has also suffered the effects of these environmental issues.5

Show References
1http://www.ipsnews.net/2015/11/environment-a-silent-victim-of-the-syrian-conflict/
2 http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/09/10/drought-helped-caused-syrias-war-will-climate-change-bring-more-like-it/
3 Ibid
4 http://www.theguardian.com/environment/earth-insight/2013/may/13/1
5 Ibid
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PWI Foundation helps boost the fundraising efforts of nonprofits. All profits for this shirt go to organizations working in the Bahamas.
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PWI Foundation helps boost the fundraising efforts of nonprofits. All profits for this shirt go to organizations working in the Chad.

Syria News

Los Angeles Times 
The White House issued a stern warning to Syrian President Bashar Assad on Monday night as it claimed "potential" evidence that Syria was preparing for another chemical weapons attack. In an ominous statement issued with no supporting evidence or ... See more..
Foreign Policy (blog) 
In the past five weeks, U.S. forces in Syria have struck directly at the Assad regime and its allies in Syria no less than four times. On May 18, U.S. warplanes struck regime and allied militia forces that breached a 34-mile exclusion zone around a U.S ... See more..
New York Times 
DAMASCUS, Syria — The Syrian government on Saturday released hundreds of detainees, including some who had backed the insurgency against President Bashar al-Assad, on the eve of a major Muslim holiday. Justice Minister Hisham al-Shaar said the ... See more..
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The Hill 
The House Armed Services Committee's version of the annual defense policy bill would require the president to give Congress his strategies for United States involvement in Afghanistan and Syria. The provisions in the National Defense Authorization Act ... See more..
The Economist 
WHEN war broke out in Syria in 2011, some of the wealthier families from the country's Christian Armenian minority decamped to Yerevan, the Armenian capital, where they rented luxury flats on the city's Northern Avenue. It felt, some would later say, ... See more..
PBS NewsHour 
A Canadian comic book collective is working closely with refugees like Mohammed Alsaleh, who fled from Syria, to help them tell their stories. Special correspondent Stefan Labbe and producer Lauren Kaljur report. COMMENTS. EMAIL. SUPPORT FOR PBS ... See more..
Aljazeera.com 
More than a dozen people were killed, including both pro-government forces and opposition fighters, in the latest increase in fighting in the countryside of al-Baath city and near the town of Khan Arnab, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR ... See more..
Foreign Policy (blog) 
Syria contacts. For the first several months of the Trump administration, CIA director Mike Pompeo held a series secret talks with Ali Mamlouk, the head of Syria's National Security Bureau intelligence service, who has been accused of human rights ... See more..
Scout 
But while Russia has some advanced surface-to-air missile systems and very agile fighter aircraft in Syria, it wouldn't fare well in what would be a short, brutal air war against the US. The US keeps an aircraft carrier with dozens of F/A-18E fighters ... See more..
The Jerusalem Post 
Lebanon's Hezbollah members carry Hezbollah flags during the funeral of Adnan Siblini, who was killed while fighting in Syria. (photo credit:REUTERS). Israel will not allow Hezbollah to attack from Syria, Defense Minister Avigdor Liberman said ... See more..
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Geography

Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey
Area

Total 185,180 sq km
Land 183,630 sq km
Water 1,550 sq km

***NOTE*** includes 1,295 sq km of Israeli-occupied territory
Climate

mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
Natural Resources

petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

dust storms, sandstorms

volcanism: Syria's two historically active volcanoes, Es Safa and an unnamed volcano near the Turkish border have not erupted in centuries Syria's two historically active volcanoes, Es Safa and an unnamed volcano near the Turkish border have not erupted in centuries
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution from raw sewage and petroleum refining wastes; inadequate potable water

Demographics

Nationality
Syrian
Population
22,457,336 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Despite modest economic growth and reform prior to the outbreak of unrest, Syria's economy continues to suffer the effects of the ongoing conflict that began in 2011. The economy further contracted in 2012 because of international sanctions and reduced domestic consumption and production, and inflation has risen sharply. The government has struggled to address the effects of economic decline, which include dwindling foreign exchange reserves, rising budget and trade deficits, and the decreasing value of the Syrian pound. Prior to the unrest, Damascus began liberalizing economic policies, including cutting lending interest rates, opening private banks, consolidating multiple exchange rates, raising ...See More prices on some subsidized items, and establishing the Damascus Stock Exchange. The economy remains highly regulated by the government. Long-run economic constraints include foreign trade barriers, declining oil production, high unemployment, rising budget deficits, and increasing pressure on water supplies caused by heavy use in agriculture, rapid population growth, industrial expansion, and water pollution. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$107.6 billion (2011 est.); $110.1 billion (2010 est.); $113.9 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

12.5% of GDP (2012 est.); 15% of GDP (2011 est.); 26.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets; beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk
Industries

petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, car assembly