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Syria

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Human Rights, Education, Poverty, Religion, Clean Water, Economy, Government, Health, Children/Youth, Environment, Family

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Education
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Children/Youth, Human Rights
The Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) is the global humanitarian organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Through an international network, ADRA delivers relief and development assistance to individuals in more than 130 countries—regardless of their ethnicity, political affiliation, or religious association. By partnering with communities, organizations, and governments, ADRA ...See More is able to improve the quality of life of millions through 9 impact areas. Show Less

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Human Rights
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Environment
Family
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Clean Water
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Environment
A possible and oft-overlooked driving force of the civil war in Syria is the desertification and mismanagement of the water resources in the country.1 The desertification caused tens of thousands of families to lose their agricultural livelihood and in turn created a massive internal migration.2 The mass migration served as a catalyst for the war and internal strife.3 Climate change also affects the agricultural outputs of the country, whose economy depends heavily on agriculture. Climate change within the country has caused water scarcity and limited food production. Additionally, Syria's water supply was cut in half between 2002 and 2008 through mismanagement and overuse.4 The country's lucrative oil and gas industry has also suffered the effects of these environmental issues.5

Show References
1http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/09/10/drought-helped-caused-syrias-war-will-climate-change-bring-more-like-it/
2 Ibid
3 Ibid
4 http://www.theguardian.com/environment/earth-insight/2013/may/13/1
5 Ibid
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PWI Foundation helps boost the fundraising efforts of nonprofits. All profits for this shirt go to organizations working in the Bahamas.
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PWI Foundation helps boost the fundraising efforts of nonprofits. All profits for this shirt go to organizations working in the Chad.

Syria News

Washington Post 
The Turkish government gave the United States less than an hour's notice before conducting strikes on partner forces in Iraq and Syria, the U.S. military said on Wednesday, stepping up its criticism of airstrikes the United States said endangered ... See more..
BBC News 
A large explosion has hit an area near Damascus international airport, a monitoring group says. "The blast was huge and could be heard in Damascus," said Rami Abdel Rahman, head of the UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. The airport lies ... See more..
Los Angeles Times 
France's foreign ministry says deadly sarin gas used in a chemical attack in Syria this month that killed 87 people “bears the signature” of President Bashar Assad's government. A six-page report by French intelligence services claims the nerve agent ... See more..
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ABC News 
This March 7, 2017 grab from video provided by Arab 24 network, shows U.S. forces patroling on the outskirts of the Syrian town, Manbij, a flashpoint between Turkish troops and allied Syrian fighters and U.S.-backed Kurdish fighters, in al-Asaliyah ... See more..
New York Times 
WASHINGTON — Ivanka Trump, juggling dual roles of White House adviser and daughter of the president, said in an interview aired on Wednesday that the United States might need to admit more refugees from Syria, a pointed public departure from one of ... See more..
Sky News Australia 
Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu is complaining a US missile strike on a Syrian air base earlier this month posed a threat to Russian troops and is forcing Moscow to take extra measures to protect them. Speaking at a security conference in Moscow ... See more..
The Guardian 
When told of his situation by the Guardian, Kleman's family denied that he had joined Isis and said he had been trying to make his way to the American embassy in Istanbul and return to the US. Not long after arriving in Syria, Kleman told them he had ... See more..
Forbes 
Israel's overt entrance into the Syrian civil war is increasingly becoming a very real risk despite the Israeli government's stated desire to remain neutral beyond conducting periodic airstrikes targeting Syrian and Iranian heavy weapons shipments to ... See more..
SBS 
The Turkish military gave coalition forces fighting Islamic State militants less than an hour of advance notice before carrying out air strikes that killed a large number of allied Kurdish fighters in Iraq and Syria, a US coalition spokesman says ... See more..
Florida Times-Union 
I applaud President Donald Trump's swift and precise action, but I'm not sure what the mid-term and long-term consequences of intervention in Syria will be. But perhaps the best argument for not using force to save innocent lives is the reality that ... See more..
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Geography

Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey
Area

Total 185,180 sq km
Land 183,630 sq km
Water 1,550 sq km

***NOTE*** includes 1,295 sq km of Israeli-occupied territory
Climate

mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
Natural Resources

petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

dust storms, sandstorms

volcanism: Syria's two historically active volcanoes, Es Safa and an unnamed volcano near the Turkish border have not erupted in centuries Syria's two historically active volcanoes, Es Safa and an unnamed volcano near the Turkish border have not erupted in centuries
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution from raw sewage and petroleum refining wastes; inadequate potable water

Demographics

Nationality
Syrian
Population
22,457,336 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Despite modest economic growth and reform prior to the outbreak of unrest, Syria's economy continues to suffer the effects of the ongoing conflict that began in 2011. The economy further contracted in 2012 because of international sanctions and reduced domestic consumption and production, and inflation has risen sharply. The government has struggled to address the effects of economic decline, which include dwindling foreign exchange reserves, rising budget and trade deficits, and the decreasing value of the Syrian pound. Prior to the unrest, Damascus began liberalizing economic policies, including cutting lending interest rates, opening private banks, consolidating multiple exchange rates, raising ...See More prices on some subsidized items, and establishing the Damascus Stock Exchange. The economy remains highly regulated by the government. Long-run economic constraints include foreign trade barriers, declining oil production, high unemployment, rising budget deficits, and increasing pressure on water supplies caused by heavy use in agriculture, rapid population growth, industrial expansion, and water pollution. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$107.6 billion (2011 est.); $110.1 billion (2010 est.); $113.9 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

12.5% of GDP (2012 est.); 15% of GDP (2011 est.); 26.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets; beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk
Industries

petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, car assembly