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Tajikistan

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Children/Youth
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Human Rights
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Children/Youth, Environment
ACDI/VOCA is an economic development organization that fosters broad-based economic growth, raises living standards, and creates vibrant communities.

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Health
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Environment
The weather conditions in Tajikistan have become more severe. Droughts and floods are increasing in frequency.1 Nearly half of Central Asia's water resources begin in the mountains of Tajikistan, and if the glaciers begin to melt at a high rate, then water shortages and water insecurity will drastically increase all throughout the region.2 Tajikistan is heavily reliant on the agricultural sector, which makes up 21% of the country's GDP.3 The resulting soil erosion could wreak havoc on the country's agriculture and the families depending on agriculture for their livelihoods. Tajikistan has partnered with the World Bank to launch projects that will help mitigate the impacts and increase preparation for natural disasters.4

Show References
1 https://www.mottmac.com/article/3391/climate-change-resilience-tajikistan
2 Ibid
3http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2013/10/04/world-bank-helps-communities-adapt-to-climate-change-risks
4 Ibid
Hide References

Tajikistan News

NPR 
"The Founder of Peace and National Unity, Leader of the Nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan, His Excellency Emomali Rahmon," is how state media will have to introduce the president. DAVID GREENE, HOST: Good morning. I'm David Greene ... See more..
Deutsche Welle 
Russia's economic crisis is hitting many of the migrant workers from Central Asia hard. Hundreds of thousands of Tajiks have been forced to return to their home country - often to poverty and hopelessness. See more..
Forum 18 
On 10 April the National Security Committee (NSC) secret police in Tajikistan's northern Sogd Region arrested Bakhrom Kholmatov, Pastor of the Sunmin Sunbogym (Good News of Grace) Protestant Church in the regional capital Khujand. He remains in NSC ... See more..
See More News
EurasiaNet 
State media in Tajikistan are under strict instructions to start always referring to President Emomali Rahmon by his full title: The Founder of Peace and National Unity — Leader of the Nation. A worker for a state media told RFE/RL's Tajik service ... See more..
The FINANCIAL 
The FINANCIAL -- Around 70 participants from the government, private sector, civil society organizations, academia, and development partners discussed a framework and priority actions of a Tajikistan national strategy on reducing road crash deaths and ... See more..
EurasiaNet 
Tajikistan has reportedly embarked on a major would-be battle against graft, detaining at least 17 officials with the government's top anti-corruption body, including the deputy head of the agency. The sweep was organized by the anti-corruption agency ... See more..
EurasiaNet 
Since the authorities justified their crackdown on the opposition Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan, or IRPT, by linking them — in the absence of any evidence — to the purported coup, the implication was clear: the IRPT is linked to the Islamic ... See more..
gulfnews.com 
Abu-Dhabi-based satellite broadcasting company Yahlive has signed a long-term agreement with the Republic of Tajikistan to broadcast six Tajikistan government-run channels across its East Beam covering the Middle East and South West Asia. See more..
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty 
You might want to think twice before grabbing a book to read on your flight to Tajikistan -- especially if it is written in an unfamiliar script. The country's Culture Ministry recently announced that no books are allowed in or out of the country ... See more..
EurasiaNet 
A food market in Khujand, Tajikistan. The World Food Program noted in February that one-quarter of households questioned in its surveys in this Central Asian nation spend more than 75 percent of their disposable income on food. Recent sharp increases ... See more..
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Geography

Central Asia, west of China, south of Kyrgyzstan
Area

Total 143,100 sq km
Land 141,510 sq km
Water 2,590 sq km

Climate

midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains
Natural Resources

hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold ;
Natural Hazards

earthquakes; floods
Current Environmental Issues

inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides

Demographics

Nationality
Tajikistani
Population
7,910,041 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Tajikistan has one of the lowest per capita GDPs among the 15 former Soviet republics. Because of a lack of employment opportunities in Tajikistan, more than one million Tajik citizens work abroad, almost all of them in Russia, supporting families in Tajikistan through remittances. Less than 7% of the land area is arable. Cotton is the most important crop, and its production is closely monitored, and in many cases controlled, by the government. In the wake of the National Bank of Tajikistan's admission in December 2007 that it had improperly lent money to investors in the cotton sector, the IMF ...See More canceled its program in Tajikistan. A reform agenda is underway, according to which over half a billion dollars in farmer debt has been forgiven, and IMF assistance has been reinstated. Mineral resources include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists mainly of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly in light industry and food processing. The civil war (1992-97) severely damaged the already weak economic infrastructure and caused a sharp decline in industrial and agricultural production. Tajikistan's economic situation remains fragile due to uneven implementation of structural reforms, corruption, weak governance, seasonal power shortages, and the external debt burden. Electricity output expanded with the completion of the Sangtuda-1 hydropower dam - finished in 2009 with Russian investment. The smaller Sangtuda-2, built with Iranian investment, began operating in 2012. The government of Tajikistan is pinning major hopes on the massive Roghun dam which, if finished according to Tajik plans, will be the tallest dam in the world and significantly expand electricity output. The World Bank is funding two feasibility studies for the dam (technical-economic, and social-environmental), scheduled to be completed in mid-2013. In January 2010, the government began selling shares in the Roghun enterprise to its population, ultimately raising over $180 million but Tajikistan will still need significant investment to complete the dam. According to numerous reports, many Tajik individuals and businesses were forced to buy shares. The coerced share sales finally ended in mid-2010 under intense criticism from donors, particularly the IMF. Food and fuel prices in 2011 increased to the highest levels seen since 2002 due in part to an increase in rail transport tariffs through Uzbekistan. Tajikistan imports approximately 60% of its food and 90% of that comes by rail. Uzbekistan closed one of the rail lines into Tajikistan in late 2011, hampering the transit of goods to and from the southern part of the country. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$18.04 billion (2012 est.); $16.78 billion (2011 est.); $15.63 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

13.4% of GDP (2012 est.); 17.4% of GDP (2011 est.); 16% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Industries

aluminum, cement, vegetable oil