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Tonga

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Health
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Children/Youth
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Environment
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Children/Youth
Environment
Tonga is negatively affected by heavy annual rains and soil erosion.1 Because this has been a pervasive issue for the country, the government has taken steps to ensure the alleviation of the effects.2 In 2010, the Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management Joint National Action Plan was enforced and several adaptation projects have been completed.3 Tonga has received a $23 million grant from the Asian Development Bank in order to help complete the island's Climate Resilience Sector Project, which aims to implement climate resilient principles into national planning and policies.4 The grant will help to create ecosystem resilience.5

Show References
1http://www.sprep.org/climate-change/tonga-gaining-ground-on-the-climate-change-front-at-home
2-3 Ibid
4http://www.adb.org/news/tonga/climate-change-risk-management-improve-tonga-adb-grant
5 Ibid
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Tonga News

Radio New Zealand 
The police in Tonga are searching for about 10 people who attacked officers on the side of a road. Police Acting Superintendent Tevita Vailea says officers tried to stop an unlicenced vehicle in Mailetaha yesterday. Mr Vailea told Radio Tonga that ... See more..
Matangi Tonga 
A Chinese design team for the Tonga High School Sports Complex to be constructed for the 2019 Pacific Games are in Nuku'alofa for 27-days to finalize their designs and specs. From the Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (BIAD), the team is led by ... See more..
BBC News 
Wales' summer Test match against Tonga will be played in Auckland after concerns raised by the Welsh Rugby Union over the suitability of the stadium in ... See more..
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NRL.COM 
After making his 100th NRL appearance for unbeaten competition leaders Sydney Roosters, Daniel Tupou is looking to revive his representative career with ... See more..
Matangi Tonga 
Five Tongan small businesses will look for opportunities in international trade as part of a trade and invest programme over the next four days, which includes showing off their products at the Pasifika Festival this weekend, 25 – 26 March in Auckland ... See more..
Papua New Guinea Today 
"Young Entrepreneurs Council (YEC) an International Labour Organisation Model, which is already established in Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomon Is and now is under way in Tonga. The purpose of YEC is to develop into a national advocacy and technical council ... See more..
ABC Online 
A children's advocacy group in Tonga says there needs to be more training for teachers about appropriate disciplinary techniques after an 11-year-old student was severely beaten and hospitalised. Teachers in Tongan schools are still using corporal ... See more..
BBC News 
The authorities in Tonga are delivering thousands of free chicks and ducklings to communities across the country to encourage people to cut down on fatty imported meat. The Pacific nation is trying to combat its well-documented obesity problem, blamed ... See more..
Matangi Tonga 
"The Association of Banks in Tonga would like to notify the public that there is ATM skimming fraud currently occurring in the country, this has affected a number of BSP Visa debit cards and ANZ International access card holders. "It has been reported ... See more..
Matangi Tonga 
Typhoid can be spread by flies and especially in homes with pit latrines, warns Tonga's Director of Health, Dr Siale 'Akauola, who believes that Tonga's pit latrines should be eradicated because they are contributing to the health problem. The Ministry ... See more..
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Geography

Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Area

Total 747 sq km
Land 717 sq km
Water 30 sq km

Climate

tropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December) ;
Natural Resources

fish, fertile soil ;
Natural Hazards

cyclones (October to April); earthquakes and volcanic activity on Fonuafo'ou

volcanism: moderate volcanic activity; Fonualei (elev. 180 m) has shown frequent activity in recent years, while Niuafo'ou (elev. 260 m), which last erupted in 1985, has forced evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Late and Tofua moderate volcanic activity; Fonualei (elev. 180 m) has shown frequent activity in recent years, while Niuafo'ou (elev. 260 m), which last erupted in 1985, has forced evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Late and Tofua ;
Current Environmental Issues

deforestation results as more and more land is being cleared for agriculture and settlement; some damage to coral reefs from starfish and indiscriminate coral and shell collectors; overhunting threatens native sea turtle populations ;

Demographics

Nationality
Tongan
Population
106,322 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Tonga has a small, open, South Pacific island economy. It has a narrow export base in agricultural goods. Squash, vanilla beans, and yams are the main crops. Agricultural exports, including fish, make up two-thirds of total exports. The country must import a high proportion of its food, mainly from New Zealand. The country remains dependent on external aid and remittances from Tongan communities overseas to offset its trade deficit. Tourism is the second-largest source of hard currency earnings following remittances. Tonga had 39,000 visitors in 2006. The government is emphasizing the development of the private sector, especially the encouragement of ...See More investment, and is committing increased funds for health and education. Tonga has a reasonably sound basic infrastructure and well developed social services. High unemployment among the young, moderate inflation, pressures for democratic reform, and rising civil service expenditures are major issues facing the government. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$801 million (2012 est.); $789.4 million (2011 est.); $778.8 million (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

squash, coconuts, copra, bananas, vanilla beans, cocoa, coffee, ginger, black pepper; fish
Industries

tourism, construction, fishing