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Relief and development organization helping children worldwide by tackling causes of poverty and developing access to clean water, food, health care, education, and economic opportunities.
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Environment
The primary environmental concerns in Turkey are water and air pollution. Population growth, industrialization, and an increase in fuel demand have contributed significantly to air pollution.1 Coal burning, one of the country’s largest sources of energy, also contributes to air pollution. A move towards clean energy is necessary to decrease air pollution in the country.2 Because Turkey has wetlands and other biologically diverse regions, it is highly vulnerable to climate change. Desertification and water scarcity are prominent concerns in Turkey and climate change will only exacerbate them.3

Show References
1 http://www.indexmundi.com/turkey/environment_current_issues.html
2 http://env-health.org/IMG/pdf/150220_factsheet_air_and_health_turkey_en_final.pdf
3 https://www.eea.europa.eu/soer/countries/tr/land-use-state-and-impacts-turkey
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Turkey News

Turn to 10 
“It's not every day a turkey flies through the window in your reception room. But, it does happen,” a post on the businesses' Facebook page noted Monday. “And no, we do not accept turkeys as new patients! (please pardon our appearance while we replace ... See more..
Washington Post 
ANKARA, Turkey — A U.S. delegation arrived in Ankara for talks aimed at resolving a diplomatic dispute that spat that resulted in the two countries suspending the issuance of travel visas to the other's citizens, a senior Turkish official said Monday. See more..
Voice of America 
Turkey is expanding its latest military intervention in Syria rapidly, sending more special forces and commandos into Idlib as part of a high-risk effort agreed to with Moscow and Tehran to establish a de-escalation zone in the northwest Syrian ... See more..
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Washington Times 
No, it's not about getting member states to fulfill agreed-upon spending levels on defense. Or finding a role after the Soviet collapse. Or standing up to Russia's Vladimir Putin. Rather, it's about Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Islamist, dictatorial ruler ... See more..
News24 
Mogadishu - Turkey's state-run news agency says the country's health minister has arrived in Somalia to co-ordinate the evacuation of some of the wounded in the truck bombing in Mogadishu. More than 300 people were killed and about 300 injured in the ... See more..
The Guardian 
Marks & Spencer has topped the major categories in an independent taste test of Christmas food and drink, winning with its turkey, cranberry sauce and sparkling wine, and taking more high ratings than any other supermarket. The store had 14 products in ... See more..
CNN 
Bass on Monday suggested that there may be people in the Turkish government trying to rattle US-Turkey relations. "This arrest has raised questions about whether the goal of some officials is to disrupt the long-standng cooperation between Turkey and ... See more..
VeloNews 
ISTANBUL (VN) — Pro cyclists gave the Tour of Turkey, a race that nearly ceased due to political problems and limited WorldTour team participation, their stamp of approval after completing the six-stage race Sunday among Istanbul's famous mosques. See more..
TRT World (blog) 
On Monday morning, Turkey's Health Minister Ahmet Demircan arrived in the Somali capital to oversee Turkish assistance accompanied by 33 staff, including a medical team specialising in emergency services, the Turkish Embassy said in a statement. See more..
Al-Monitor (blog) 
In the spring of 1999, I was asked to contribute to an ambitious book on American-Turkish relations, "The United States and Turkey: Allies in Need," edited by Morton Abramowitz, a former US ambassador to Turkey. My chapter would be on how the Turkish ... See more..
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Geography

Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
Area

Total 783,562 sq km
Land 769,632 sq km
Water 13,930 sq km

Climate

temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Natural Resources

coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

severe earthquakes, especially in northern Turkey, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van

volcanism: limited volcanic activity; its three historically active volcanoes; Ararat, Nemrut Dagi, and Tendurek Dagi have not erupted since the 19th century or earlier limited volcanic activity; its three historically active volcanoes; Ararat, Nemrut Dagi, and Tendurek Dagi have not erupted since the 19th century or earlier
Current Environmental Issues

water pollution from dumping of chemicals and detergents; air pollution, particularly in urban areas; deforestation; concern for oil spills from increasing Bosporus ship traffic

Demographics

Nationality
Turkish
Population
80,694,485 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Turkey's largely free-market economy is increasingly driven by its industry and service sectors, although its traditional agriculture sector still accounts for about 25% of employment. An aggressive privatization program has reduced state involvement in basic industry, banking, transport, and communication, and an emerging cadre of middle-class entrepreneurs is adding dynamism to the economy and expanding production beyond the traditional textiles and clothing sectors. The automotive, construction, and electronics industries, are rising in importance and have surpassed textiles within Turkey's export mix. Oil began to flow through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline in May 2006, marking a major milestone that will bring up ...See More to 1 million barrels per day from the Caspian to market. Several gas pipelines projects also are moving forward to help transport Central Asian gas to Europe through Turkey, which over the long term will help address Turkey's dependence on imported oil and gas to meet 97% of its energy needs. After Turkey experienced a severe financial crisis in 2001, Ankara adopted financial and fiscal reforms as part of an IMF program. The reforms strengthened the country's economic fundamentals and ushered in an era of strong growth - averaging more than 6% annually until 2008. Global economic conditions and tighter fiscal policy caused GDP to contract in 2009, but Turkey's well-regulated financial markets and banking system helped the country weather the global financial crisis and GDP rebounded strongly to 9.2% in 2010, as exports returned to normal levels following the recession. Growth dropped to approximately 3% in 2012. Turkey's public sector debt to GDP ratio has fallen to about 40%, and at least one rating agency upgraded Turkey's debt to investment grade in 2012. Turkey remains dependent on often volatile, short-term investment to finance its large trade deficit. The stock value of FDI stood at $117 billion at year-end 2012. Inflows have slowed because of continuing economic turmoil in Europe, the source of much of Turkey's FDI. Turkey's relatively high current account deficit, uncertainty related to monetary policy-making, and political turmoil within Turkey's neighborhood leave the economy vulnerable to destabilizing shifts in investor confidence. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$1.142 trillion (2012 est.); $1.113 trillion (2011 est.); $1.026 trillion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

20.4% of GDP (2012 est.); 23.6% of GDP (2011 est.); 19.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, hazelnuts, pulses, citrus; livestock
Industries

textiles, food processing, autos, electronics, mining (coal, chromate, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper