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Turkey

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Education
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Human Rights
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Bulgaria, Egypt, Greece, India, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Philippines, Tunisia, Turkey
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Religion
EME endeavors to enable worshipping communities to transform their local environments through education and community / business development projects, especially in the Southeastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Mission Statement EME Purposes To: • Enable local churches, ministries and other partners, primarily in the Mediterranean Region. • Empower partnerships with necessary provisions—e.g. personnel, finance, ...See More training and other essentials—to better advance their efforts. • Support the development of educational programs within the framework of partnerships— e.g. kindergartens, primary schools, K-12 schools and adult education—and the implementation of community building projects, including Business as/for Mission. Show Less
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Family
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Children/Youth
Environment
A primary environmental concern in Turkey is air pollution.1 Population growth, industrialization, and increases in demand for fuel have contributed significantly to air pollution.2 Rising air pollution has prompted Turkey to develop alternate sources of energy, such as hydropower.3 Turkey has implemented the legal framework for Air Quality developed by the European Union.4 Because Turkey has wetlands and other biologically diverse regions, it is highly vulnerable to change.5 Desertification and water scarcity are prominent concerns in Turkey.6

Show References
1 http://www.nuce.boun.edu.tr/turkey.html
2-4 Ibid
5http://www.eea.europa.eu/soer/countries/tr/soertopic_view?topic=climate%20change
6 Ibid
Hide References

Turkey News

The Independent 
“It needs and deserves our support, but that support needs to include our critique where Turkish policy is not in its own, or our, joint long-term interests: these are regional security and stability as well as strong and accountable institutions in ... See more..
CNN 
(CNN) Former Central Intelligence Agency Director James Woolsey told CNN Friday that former Trump National Security Adviser Michael Flynn met with representatives of the Turkish government in 2016, and the meeting included discussion of potential ways ... See more..
New York Times 
Patrick Kingsley, an international correspondent for The Times based in Turkey, led a conversation with two university students, Mert Nacakgedigi and Dilara Arslan, about Turkey's political future and life as a young person in the country today. MARCH ... See more..
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BBC News 
Turkey is due to hold a controversial referendum next month. The referendum would give President Recep Tayyip Erdogan sweeping new powers. But in order to get it through, he needs to win the vote of Turks living at home and the more than four million ... See more..
The Wire 
Instead, Turkey wants the US to draw from Syrian Arab rebel groups backed by Ankara for the final assault on Raqqa, a predominantly Arab city, proposals that so far have failed to convince US officials who are not certain that the Turkish-backed Arab ... See more..
Washington Examiner 
Erdogan also threatened to make Europe bear the brunt of the ongoing refugee crises by breaking an agreement in which Turkey readmits thousands of immigrants who pass through Turkey before entering Greece. "If Europe continues this way, no European ... See more..
Voice of America 
Turkey's president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, has raised alarm in Europe by saying he will review the agreement. Tension between Turkey and the EU has been heightened during a campaign for a Turkish referendum aimed at boosting the president's powers. See more..
Jackson Clarion Ledger 
Winter almost didn't happen in Mississippi this year with several areas of the state reporting months of record high temperatures. That caused many to think gobbles would be thundering through the woods as early as youth season, but it didn't happen ... See more..
New York Times 
After earning $800,000 in 2015 by sneaking migrants out of Turkey, a smuggler says he has left the guilt and complications of his business behind — mostly. And a Syrian refugee boy, homeless and out of school, must keep roaming the country to find ... See more..
Reuters 
ANKARA Cenk Tosun scored twice in the first 13 minutes as Turkey beat Finland 2-0 in their World Cup Group I qualifier in Antalya on Friday and boost their hopes of qualification for next year's finals. Tosun is top scorer of the Turkish league but the ... See more..
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Geography

Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
Area

Total 783,562 sq km
Land 769,632 sq km
Water 13,930 sq km

Climate

temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior ;
Natural Resources

coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

severe earthquakes, especially in northern Turkey, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van

volcanism: limited volcanic activity; its three historically active volcanoes; Ararat, Nemrut Dagi, and Tendurek Dagi have not erupted since the 19th century or earlier limited volcanic activity; its three historically active volcanoes; Ararat, Nemrut Dagi, and Tendurek Dagi have not erupted since the 19th century or earlier ;
Current Environmental Issues

water pollution from dumping of chemicals and detergents; air pollution, particularly in urban areas; deforestation; concern for oil spills from increasing Bosporus ship traffic ;

Demographics

Nationality
Turkish
Population
80,694,485 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Turkey's largely free-market economy is increasingly driven by its industry and service sectors, although its traditional agriculture sector still accounts for about 25% of employment. An aggressive privatization program has reduced state involvement in basic industry, banking, transport, and communication, and an emerging cadre of middle-class entrepreneurs is adding dynamism to the economy and expanding production beyond the traditional textiles and clothing sectors. The automotive, construction, and electronics industries, are rising in importance and have surpassed textiles within Turkey's export mix. Oil began to flow through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline in May 2006, marking a major milestone that will bring up ...See More to 1 million barrels per day from the Caspian to market. Several gas pipelines projects also are moving forward to help transport Central Asian gas to Europe through Turkey, which over the long term will help address Turkey's dependence on imported oil and gas to meet 97% of its energy needs. After Turkey experienced a severe financial crisis in 2001, Ankara adopted financial and fiscal reforms as part of an IMF program. The reforms strengthened the country's economic fundamentals and ushered in an era of strong growth - averaging more than 6% annually until 2008. Global economic conditions and tighter fiscal policy caused GDP to contract in 2009, but Turkey's well-regulated financial markets and banking system helped the country weather the global financial crisis and GDP rebounded strongly to 9.2% in 2010, as exports returned to normal levels following the recession. Growth dropped to approximately 3% in 2012. Turkey's public sector debt to GDP ratio has fallen to about 40%, and at least one rating agency upgraded Turkey's debt to investment grade in 2012. Turkey remains dependent on often volatile, short-term investment to finance its large trade deficit. The stock value of FDI stood at $117 billion at year-end 2012. Inflows have slowed because of continuing economic turmoil in Europe, the source of much of Turkey's FDI. Turkey's relatively high current account deficit, uncertainty related to monetary policy-making, and political turmoil within Turkey's neighborhood leave the economy vulnerable to destabilizing shifts in investor confidence. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$1.142 trillion (2012 est.); $1.113 trillion (2011 est.); $1.026 trillion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

20.4% of GDP (2012 est.); 23.6% of GDP (2011 est.); 19.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, hazelnuts, pulses, citrus; livestock
Industries

textiles, food processing, autos, electronics, mining (coal, chromate, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper