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Turkey

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Education
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Human Rights
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Bulgaria, Egypt, Greece, India, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Philippines, Tunisia, Turkey
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Religion
EME endeavors to enable worshipping communities to transform their local environments through education and community / business development projects, especially in the Southeastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Mission Statement EME Purposes To: • Enable local churches, ministries and other partners, primarily in the Mediterranean Region. • Empower partnerships with necessary provisions—e.g. personnel, finance, ...See More training and other essentials—to better advance their efforts. • Support the development of educational programs within the framework of partnerships— e.g. kindergartens, primary schools, K-12 schools and adult education—and the implementation of community building projects, including Business as/for Mission. Show Less
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Environment
A primary environmental concern in Turkey is air pollution.1 Population growth, industrialization, and increases in demand for fuel have contributed significantly to air pollution.2 Rising air pollution has prompted Turkey to develop alternate sources of energy, such as hydropower.3 Turkey has implemented the legal framework for Air Quality developed by the European Union.4 Because Turkey has wetlands and other biologically diverse regions, it is highly vulnerable to change.5 Desertification and water scarcity are prominent concerns in Turkey.6

Show References
1 http://www.nuce.boun.edu.tr/turkey.html
2-4 Ibid
5http://www.eea.europa.eu/soer/countries/tr/soertopic_view?topic=climate%20change
6 Ibid
Hide References

Turkey News

Miami Herald 
Twenty-five people were detained in Turkey and more than 200 police officers temporarily suspended for suspected links to U.S.-based cleric Fethullah Gulen according to reports Thursday, as part of a massive sweep on the network of the alleged coup ... See more..
The Independent 
The European Union should formally suspend Turkey's long-stalled talks on membership if it adopts constitutional changes backed at a referendum last week, a leading member of the EU parliament responsible for dealings with Ankara has said. Kati Piri ... See more..
Washington Post 
Dorrian spoke hours after the Turkish embassy in Washington issued a statement from the country's Foreign Ministry detailing what it said were the steps Turkey took to make the United States and other countries active in Syria aware of its plans ... See more..
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Reuters 
ISTANBUL A Russian naval intelligence ship sank off Turkey's Black Sea coast on Thursday after colliding with a vessel carrying livestock and all 78 personnel on board were evacuated, Turkey's coastal safety authority said. The ship, identified as the ... See more..
Washington Post 
BERLIN — Germany is closely watching to see how Turkey will respond to reports from international election monitors who noted a series of irregularities in a referendum to increase powers for President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Chancellor Angela Merkel ... See more..
Washington Post 
The entrenched and embattled presidents of Venezuela and Turkey may live worlds apart, but their tenures in office are acquiring striking similarities. Both see foreign plots aimed against them and whip up their supporters by warning of coups. Both ... See more..
CNN 
The family told the newspaper he had recently been in contact with US officials in Turkey, and had planned to reach the American embassy there and return to the US. Relatives said they alerted the FBI that he may be in danger about 18 months ago, and ... See more..
Los Angeles Times 
The question now is whether Europe can and will step in to keep Turkey's leader from expanding his powers. Turkey's main opposition party announced Wednesday it will challenge President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's April 16 referendum victory to replace the ... See more..
Financial Times 
Switzerland's Nestlé has indicated it could pull out of the international initiative, led by Turkey's economy ministry, to restore investor confidence in the country. “Our participation in the campaign is currently on hold and we will consider next ... See more..
Fox News 
PRAGUE – Turkey is protesting the Czech Parliament's vote that recognizes the killing of Armenians a century ago as genocide. Turkey's Foreign Ministry says in a statement it condemned the resolution "in the strongest terms." The vote earlier this week ... See more..
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Geography

Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
Area

Total 783,562 sq km
Land 769,632 sq km
Water 13,930 sq km

Climate

temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Natural Resources

coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower ;
Natural Hazards

severe earthquakes, especially in northern Turkey, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van

volcanism: limited volcanic activity; its three historically active volcanoes; Ararat, Nemrut Dagi, and Tendurek Dagi have not erupted since the 19th century or earlier limited volcanic activity; its three historically active volcanoes; Ararat, Nemrut Dagi, and Tendurek Dagi have not erupted since the 19th century or earlier
Current Environmental Issues

water pollution from dumping of chemicals and detergents; air pollution, particularly in urban areas; deforestation; concern for oil spills from increasing Bosporus ship traffic

Demographics

Nationality
Turkish
Population
80,694,485 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Turkey's largely free-market economy is increasingly driven by its industry and service sectors, although its traditional agriculture sector still accounts for about 25% of employment. An aggressive privatization program has reduced state involvement in basic industry, banking, transport, and communication, and an emerging cadre of middle-class entrepreneurs is adding dynamism to the economy and expanding production beyond the traditional textiles and clothing sectors. The automotive, construction, and electronics industries, are rising in importance and have surpassed textiles within Turkey's export mix. Oil began to flow through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline in May 2006, marking a major milestone that will bring up ...See More to 1 million barrels per day from the Caspian to market. Several gas pipelines projects also are moving forward to help transport Central Asian gas to Europe through Turkey, which over the long term will help address Turkey's dependence on imported oil and gas to meet 97% of its energy needs. After Turkey experienced a severe financial crisis in 2001, Ankara adopted financial and fiscal reforms as part of an IMF program. The reforms strengthened the country's economic fundamentals and ushered in an era of strong growth - averaging more than 6% annually until 2008. Global economic conditions and tighter fiscal policy caused GDP to contract in 2009, but Turkey's well-regulated financial markets and banking system helped the country weather the global financial crisis and GDP rebounded strongly to 9.2% in 2010, as exports returned to normal levels following the recession. Growth dropped to approximately 3% in 2012. Turkey's public sector debt to GDP ratio has fallen to about 40%, and at least one rating agency upgraded Turkey's debt to investment grade in 2012. Turkey remains dependent on often volatile, short-term investment to finance its large trade deficit. The stock value of FDI stood at $117 billion at year-end 2012. Inflows have slowed because of continuing economic turmoil in Europe, the source of much of Turkey's FDI. Turkey's relatively high current account deficit, uncertainty related to monetary policy-making, and political turmoil within Turkey's neighborhood leave the economy vulnerable to destabilizing shifts in investor confidence. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$1.142 trillion (2012 est.); $1.113 trillion (2011 est.); $1.026 trillion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

20.4% of GDP (2012 est.); 23.6% of GDP (2011 est.); 19.6% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, hazelnuts, pulses, citrus; livestock
Industries

textiles, food processing, autos, electronics, mining (coal, chromate, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper