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Turkmenistan

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Human Rights
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Health
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Children/Youth
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Locations
Afghanistan , Algeria , Bangladesh , Benin , Bhutan , Burkina Faso , Cambodia , Central African Republic , China , Cote d'Ivoire ...See More Countries , Egypt , Eritrea , Ethiopia , Ghana , Guinea , Guinea-Bissau , India , Indonesia , Iran , Iraq , Israel , Japan , Jordan , Kuwait , Laos , Lebanon , Liberia , Libya , Maldives , Mali , Mauritania , Morocco , Myanmar , Nepal , Niger , Nigeria , North Korea , Oman , Pakistan , Palestine , Philippines , Qatar , Republic of Chad , Saudi Arabia , Senegal , Sierra Leone , Somalia , South Korea , Sri Lanka , Sudan , Syria , Taiwan , Tajikistan , Thailand , Togo , Tunisia , Turkey , Turkmenistan , UAE , UK , Uzbekistan , Vietnam , Western Sahara , Yemen Show Less Countries
Causes
Religion, Poverty
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Causes We Support

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Environment
Turkmenistan is mainly a desert country with arid land and a high amount of biodiversity.1 The recent increase of agricultural activities has led to erosion, further desertification, and the disappearance of already scarce water resources. While the government does have some policies in place to combat the negative effects of climate change, the implementation of these policies is not cohesive and there are vast regional disparities. Environmental protection has not been a pressing national priority.1

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1 http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002214/221497e.pdf
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Turkmenistan News

Independent.ie 
Alcohol stores have been closed down and alcoholic products taken off the shelves of shops in the capital of Turkmenistan ahead of a major international athletics competition next month. Merchants at several stores said authorities had ordered alcohol ... See more..
The Seattle Times 
ASHGABAT, Turkmenistan (AP) — The Central Asian country of Turkmenistan has tightened entry rules as part of enhanced security for an international sports event. The restrictions effective Thursday have been announced by President Gurbanguly ... See more..
New York Times 
A propaganda video intended to show Turkmenistan's president as a strong leader who knows his weapons instead became the butt of a global joke. When the repressive regime exalted its president this week with footage portraying him as a military man of ... See more..
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Moneycontrol.com 
The delegation participated in the 6th Session of the India-Turkmenistan Inter-Governmental Commission (IGC) on Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technological Cooperation held on August 14, a statement by the MEA said. A Protocol of the 6th meeting of ... See more..
Belarus News (BelTA) 
MINSK, 18 August (BelTA) - Belarus and Turkmenistan are engaged in an active dialogue in the Energy Charter, Belarus' Deputy Energy Minister Vadim Zakrevsky said at the workshop “Cooperation in energy - a factor of stable and sustained progress in the ... See more..
Foreign Policy (blog) 
He's serenaded his country's workers with his own songs. His prowess as an athlete is broadcast across the nation on state television. He won the last election ... See more..
Hindu Business Line 
India and Turkmenistan on Monday discussed ways to establish a transport transit corridor between Iran, Oman and Turkmenistan. Nitin Gadkari, Minister for Road Transport and Shipping, met Rashid Meredov, Deputy Prime Minister and Trade Minister of ... See more..
EurasiaNet 
It was almost seven years ago that Turkmenistan announced it would host the 2017 edition of the Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games. To mark the announcement, President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov in late December, 2010, led a pack of government ... See more..
Human Rights Watch 
(Berlin) – An independent journalist, Soltan Achilova, has been the victim of harassment and a series of targeted attacks and death threats, Human Rights Watch ... See more..
The Sun Daily 
KUALA LUMPUR: The Fifth Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games (AIMAG) is an excellent platform to promote Turkmenistan tourism among Malaysians, says ... See more..
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Geography

Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan
Area

Total 488,100 sq km
Land 469,930 sq km
Water 18,170 sq km

Climate

subtropical desert
Natural Resources

petroleum, natural gas, sulfur, salt ;
Natural Hazards

NA
Current Environmental Issues

contamination of soil and groundwater with agricultural chemicals, pesticides; salination, water logging of soil due to poor irrigation methods; Caspian Sea pollution; diversion of a large share of the flow of the Amu Darya into irrigation contributes to that river's inability to replenish the Aral Sea; desertification

Demographics

Nationality
Turkmen
Population
5,113,040 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Turkmenistan is largely a desert country with intensive agriculture in irrigated oases and sizeable gas and oil resources. The two largest crops are cotton, most of which is produced for export, and wheat, which is domestically consumed. Although agriculture accounts for roughly 8% of GDP, it continues to employ nearly half of the country's workforce. Turkmenistan's authoritarian regime has taken a cautious approach to economic reform, hoping to use gas and cotton export revenues to sustain its inefficient and highly corrupt economy. Privatization goals remain limited. From 1998-2005, Turkmenistan suffered from the continued lack of adequate export routes for natural ...See More gas and from obligations on extensive short-term external debt. At the same time, however, total exports rose by an average of roughly 15% per year from 2003-08, largely because of higher international oil and gas prices. Additional pipelines to China, that began operation in early 2010, and increased pipeline capacity to Iran, have expanded Turkmenistan''s export routes for its gas. Overall prospects in the near future are discouraging because of endemic corruption, a poor educational system, government misuse of oil and gas revenues, and Ashgabat''s reluctance to adopt market-oriented reforms. The majority of Turkmenistan''s economic statistics are state secrets. The present government established a State Agency for Statistics, but GDP numbers and other publicized figures are subject to wide margins of error. In particular, the rate of GDP growth is uncertain. Since his election, President BERDIMUHAMEDOW unified the country''s dual currency exchange rate, ordered the redenomination of the manat, reduced state subsidies for gasoline, and initiated development of a special tourism zone on the Caspian Sea. Although foreign investment is encouraged, and some improvements in macroeconomic policy have been made, numerous bureaucratic obstacles impede international business activity. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$49.75 billion (2012 est.); $44.84 billion (2011 est.); $39.11 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

14.6% of GDP (2012 est.); 11.6% of GDP (2011 est.); 12% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

cotton, grain, melons; livestock
Industries

natural gas, oil, petroleum products, textiles, food processing