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Yemen faces environmental issues of water scarcity, soil erosion and major desertification. Because of the country's active oil industry and lack of sewage treatment plants, water pollution is becoming a major issue.1 Agricultural clearing and overgrazing from livestock have decreased forestation which helps to curb soil erosion. Any further climate increase will cause food prices to rise and lower Yemen's overall GDP growth.2 Yemen also faces annual natural disasters such as desertification, landslides earthquakes, and chronic floods. Currently, the Yemeni government's disaster management approach is reactive rather than preventive.3

Show References
1 http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Yemen-ENVIRONMENT.html
2 http://www.ifpri.org/blog/climate-change-yemen
3 http://gfdrr.org/ctrydrmnotes/Yemen.pdf
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Yemen News

CNN 
(CNN) Two years on and the conflict in Yemen shows little signs of abating. A Saudi-led coalition of regional states and Houthi rebels continue to bombard one another, while terrorist groups operate unhindered -- leaving millions of civilians in the ... See more..
The New Arab 
Around 106 civilians have been killed in Yemen over the past month alone, most by Saudi-led coalition airstrikes and shelling, the UN Human Rights Office said Friday. The worst incident occurred near the port city of al-Hodeidah on 16 March, when 32 ... See more..
UNHCR 
With the military situation remaining highly volatile on Yemen's western front and hostilities extending, UNHCR has also secured access in six other districts in Taizz and will reach more than 42,000 people with emergency assistance in the coming days ... See more..
See More News
The Sydney Morning Herald 
Meanwhile, the legality of Britain's sales is being challenged in a High Court case and the Ministry of Defence is investigating 257 alleged breaches of international law by Saudi Arabia in Yemen. Saudi Arabia briefly appeared on a UN "list of shame ... See more..
The Nation. 
Home from inspections in Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia, and Nigeria, his descriptions of famine conditions in each were—what can one say?—altering of one's idea of the world we live in: In Yemen, the world's worst humanitarian crisis, 18.8 million ... See more..
GCaptain 
SHARJAH, United Arab Emirates, March 24 (Reuters) – Captains of small wooden dhows are carrying food and wares from the United Arab Emirates to war-torn Yemen. But supplies are falling even from this centuries-old Arabian sea route that is one of the ... See more..
The New Arab 
"We are deeply concerned that Yemen is on the brink of famine," Bettina Luescher, a spokeswoman for the UN's World Food Programme, told reporters in Geneva. "Out of the 22 (provinces), seven are in emergency phase four, and that is one level before ... See more..
Hindustan Times 
Roua Ahmed's classes ended abruptly when her school in Yemen was bombed, but she still clings to her dream of getting an education. She is one of hundreds of thousands of young Yemenis forced out of school since fighting escalated with a Saudi-led ... See more..
RT 
“These cases of deformities have drastically increased over the past two years, due to the assault on Yemen, the rockets and the cluster bombs,” Doctor Abdulkarim al-Najjar said Wednesday. Video footage taken from al-Sabeen hospital shows babies ... See more..
JURIST 
The violent deaths of refugees fleeing yet another war, of fishermen, of families in marketplaces - this is what the conflict in Yemen looks like two years after it began…utterly terrible, with little apparent regard for civilian lives and ... See more..
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Geography

Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Area

Total 527,968 sq km
Land 527,968 sq km
Water 0 sq km

***NOTE*** includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)
Climate

mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east ;
Natural Resources

petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west ;
Natural Hazards

sandstorms and dust storms in summer

volcanism: limited volcanic activity; Jebel at Tair (Jabal al-Tair, Jebel Teir, Jabal al-Tayr, Jazirat at-Tair) (elev. 244 m), which forms an island in the Red Sea, erupted in 2007 after awakening from dormancy; other historically active volcanoes include Harra of Arhab, Harras of Dhamar, Harra es-Sawad, and Jebel Zubair, although many of these have not erupted in over a century limited volcanic activity; Jebel at Tair (Jabal al-Tair, Jebel Teir, Jabal al-Tayr, Jazirat at-Tair) (elev. 244 m), which forms an island in the Red Sea, erupted in 2007 after awakening from dormancy; other historically active volcanoes include Harra of Arhab, Harras of Dhamar, Harra es-Sawad, and Jebel Zubair, although many of these have not erupted in over a century ;
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification ;

Demographics

Nationality
Yemeni
Population
25,408,288 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Yemen is a low income country that is highly dependent on declining oil resources for revenue. Petroleum accounts for roughly 25% of GDP and 70% of government revenue. Yemen has tried to counter the effects of its declining oil resources by diversifying its economy through an economic reform program initiated in 2006 that is designed to bolster non-oil sectors of the economy and foreign investment. In October 2009, Yemen exported its first liquefied natural gas as part of this diversification effort. In January 2010, the international community established the Friends of Yemen group that aims to support Yemen's efforts toward ...See More economic and political reform. In 2012, the Friends of Yemen pledged over $7 billion in assistance to Yemen. The Yemeni Government also endorsed a Mutual Accountability Framework to facilitate the efficient implementation of donor aid. The unrest that began in early 2011 caused GDP to plunge more than 15% in 2011, and about 2% in 2012. Availability of basic services, including electricity, water, and fuel, has improved since the transition, but progress toward achieving more sustainable economic stability has been slow and uneven. Yemen continues to face difficult long-term challenges, including declining water resources, high unemployment, and a high population growth rate. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$60.06 billion (2012 est.); $59.97 billion (2011 est.); $66.99 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

8.2% of GDP (2012 est.); 8.6% of GDP (2011 est.); 9.9% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat, coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish
Industries

crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair; natural gas production