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Yemen faces environmental issues of water scarcity, soil erosion and major desertification. Because of the country's active oil industry and lack of sewage treatment plants, water pollution is becoming a major issue.1 Agricultural clearing and overgrazing from livestock have decreased forestation which helps to curb soil erosion. Any further climate increase will cause food prices to rise and lower Yemen's overall GDP growth.2 Yemen also faces annual natural disasters such as desertification, landslides earthquakes, and chronic floods. Currently, the Yemeni government's disaster management approach is reactive rather than preventive.3

Show References
1 http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Yemen-ENVIRONMENT.html
2 http://www.ifpri.org/blog/climate-change-yemen
3 http://gfdrr.org/ctrydrmnotes/Yemen.pdf
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Yemen News

Salon 
While President Donald Trump has been busy distracting attention from the Russia inquiry at home and shoring up his humanitarian credentials in Syria, his administration has also participated in a quiet effort to starve millions of Yemeni civilians ... See more..
Aljazeera.com 
A US drone strike has killed five suspected members of al-Qaeda in central Yemen, according to local news media and a government security official. Yemen Ajel, a local news website, reported that the drone fired three consecutive missiles at 12:30am ... See more..
Reuters 
After long seeking to distance itself from Yemen's brutal civil war, the United States under Trump now appears increasingly to see the conflict through the Gulf's prism of Iranian meddling, even as Washington prioritizes a parallel fight against al Qaeda. See more..
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PBS NewsHour 
Health workers recently fanned across Yemen to vaccinate millions of children against polio, one of the disease risks in a country immersed in conflict. See more..
Al-Monitor 
WASHINGTON — Amid signs of possible progress in negotiations with Yemen's Houthi rebels, the Saudi-led coalition is now looking for a political solution rather than a military operation to take Yemen's Red Sea port of Hodeidah, former US officials who ... See more..
Asharq Al-awsat English 
Jeddah – Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz received at Al-Salam Palace in Jeddah, President of the Republic of Yemen Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. During the meeting, King Salman reiterated the Kingdom's keenness on ... See more..
Common Dreams 
A young boy runs with his tyre past buildings damaged by airstrikes in Sa'ada Old Town, Yemen. Up until August 2015, this area was the home of Sa'ada's ... See more..
Middle East Eye 
AL MUKALA, Yemen – Abdul Salam, a middle-aged Arabic teacher living in the remote tribal village of al-Mansouri in Yemen's Bayda province, suddenly suffered severe diarrhea and vomiting late last year. His relatives suspected he had fallen victim of a ... See more..
ReliefWeb 
UNHCR and other humanitarian actors are concerned, however, that recent military escalations in Taizz and Al Hudaydah governorates, could potentially displace up to half a million people, further exacerbating Yemen's deep humanitarian crisis. UNHCR is ... See more..
Amnesty International 
He is also charged, among other things, with apostasy, working on behalf of the Israeli government and undermining the independence of the Yemeni state, all of which carry a mandatory death sentence under Yemeni law. Amnesty International opposes the ... See more..
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Geography

Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Area

Total 527,968 sq km
Land 527,968 sq km
Water 0 sq km

***NOTE*** includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)
Climate

mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east
Natural Resources

petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west ;
Natural Hazards

sandstorms and dust storms in summer

volcanism: limited volcanic activity; Jebel at Tair (Jabal al-Tair, Jebel Teir, Jabal al-Tayr, Jazirat at-Tair) (elev. 244 m), which forms an island in the Red Sea, erupted in 2007 after awakening from dormancy; other historically active volcanoes include Harra of Arhab, Harras of Dhamar, Harra es-Sawad, and Jebel Zubair, although many of these have not erupted in over a century limited volcanic activity; Jebel at Tair (Jabal al-Tair, Jebel Teir, Jabal al-Tayr, Jazirat at-Tair) (elev. 244 m), which forms an island in the Red Sea, erupted in 2007 after awakening from dormancy; other historically active volcanoes include Harra of Arhab, Harras of Dhamar, Harra es-Sawad, and Jebel Zubair, although many of these have not erupted in over a century
Current Environmental Issues

limited natural freshwater resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Demographics

Nationality
Yemeni
Population
25,408,288 (July 2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups
Languages
Religions

Finances

Yemen is a low income country that is highly dependent on declining oil resources for revenue. Petroleum accounts for roughly 25% of GDP and 70% of government revenue. Yemen has tried to counter the effects of its declining oil resources by diversifying its economy through an economic reform program initiated in 2006 that is designed to bolster non-oil sectors of the economy and foreign investment. In October 2009, Yemen exported its first liquefied natural gas as part of this diversification effort. In January 2010, the international community established the Friends of Yemen group that aims to support Yemen's efforts toward ...See More economic and political reform. In 2012, the Friends of Yemen pledged over $7 billion in assistance to Yemen. The Yemeni Government also endorsed a Mutual Accountability Framework to facilitate the efficient implementation of donor aid. The unrest that began in early 2011 caused GDP to plunge more than 15% in 2011, and about 2% in 2012. Availability of basic services, including electricity, water, and fuel, has improved since the transition, but progress toward achieving more sustainable economic stability has been slow and uneven. Yemen continues to face difficult long-term challenges, including declining water resources, high unemployment, and a high population growth rate. Show Less ;
GDP Purchasing Power Parity

$60.06 billion (2012 est.); $59.97 billion (2011 est.); $66.99 billion (2010 est.)
Gross National Saving

8.2% of GDP (2012 est.); 8.6% of GDP (2011 est.); 9.9% of GDP (2010 est.)
Agriculture Products

grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat, coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish
Industries

crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair; natural gas production